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Présentation de l'éditeur

Designed as the successor to P.M. Holt's classic 1966 book Egypt and the Fertile Crescent, here for the first time in forty years is a comprehensive survey of the Arab Lands under Ottoman rule.

 

This book is written for students of Middle Eastern and Ottoman history, as well as scholars and general readers looking for historical background on the Arab world.  It presents a knowledgeable, unbiasedand insightful guide to the diversity and complexity of society in the Arab lands during the centuries between the region’s incorporation into the Ottoman Empire and the wrenching socio-political changes of the 19th century.

 

Lucidly written, the book introduces the diverse groups who made up Ottoman Arab society – government officials, merchants and shopkeepers, peasants, religious scholars, women, ethnic and religious minorities.  It shows how their fortunes changed during these pivotal centuries and demonstrates how Ottoman rule transformed the region’s political, economic, intellectual and religious life.

Quatrième de couverture

The Arab Lands Under Ottoman Rule 1516-1800

Jane Hathaway with contributions by Karl Barbir

 

In this seminal study, Jane Hathaway presents a wide-ranging reassessment of the effects of Ottoman rule on the Arab Lands of Egypt, Greater Syria, Iraq and Yemen - the first of its kind in over forty years.

 

Challenging outmoded perceptions of this period as a demoralizing prelude to the rise of Arab nationalism and Arab nation-states in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, Hathaway depicts an era of immense social, cultural, economic and political change which helped to shape the foundations of today’s modern Middle and Near East.  Taking full advantage of a wide range of Arabic and Ottoman primary sources, she examines the changing fortunes of not only the political elite but also the broader population of merchants, shopkeepers, peasants, tribal populations, religious scholars, women, and ethnic and religious minorities who inhabited this diverse and volatile region.

 

With masterly concision and clarity, Hathaway guides the reader through all the key current approaches to and debates surrounding Arab society during this period. This is far more than just another political history; it is a global study which offers an entirely new perspective on the era and region as a whole.

 

Jane  Hathaway is Professor of History at Ohio State University. Her previous publications include The Politics of Households in Ottoman Egypt:  The Rise of the Qazdaglis (1997); A Tale of Two Factions:  Myth, Memory, and Identity in Ottoman Egyptand Yemen (2003); and Beshir Agha, Chief Eunuch of the Ottoman Imperial Harem (2006) 



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1 internautes sur 1 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
The Arab Lands Under Ottoman Rule, 1516-1800 7 mars 2014
Par Zachary W. Schulz - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Broché Achat vérifié
The Arab Lands Under Ottoman Rule, 1516-1800 by Jane Hathaway is a survey history of the Ottoman Empire. The monograph emphasizes the study of diverse demographics and complex power structures that governed the Empire for 300 years. Hathaway's reassessment of the Ottoman Empire is contrary to current narrowly focused studies, either Arabic nationalistic or Ottoman centrist, and calls for a broader, more complex understanding of the dynamics of Ottoman imperium. This entire monograph becomes a driving critique of modern study while also detailing the historical narrative of the time in question.

In the monograph, Hathaway maintains that population diversity is overlooked by previous histories defining the Empire. She writes that the “complexion of 'local notables' varied from one province to another, and even from one district to another” and that “the demarcation between state and society was discursively constructed and was constantly being contested and negotiated.”(p. 9-10) Additionally “'demographic flux'... also characterized the region, with new populations sweeping in periodically from different directions.” (p. 34) Hathaway also critiques mono-thematic characterization of ayans as a isolated ruling class, championed originally by Albert Hourani in 1966, as “far too neat.” (p. 80) In line with other current studies of imperial history, the monograph maintains that the ruling elites were affected by their constituents more than previous historiography conceded. Hathaway's thus establishes an overarching theme of diverse, historically neglected groups that “played a critical, albeit frequently understudied, role in shaping [the Empire's] character.” (p.99)

Further, “neo-nationalistic” historiography has a “tendency to treat residents of the various Arab provinces as if they shared a tacitly acknowledged common identity.” (p. 246) Hathaway's work establishes that the Empire was not as simple conqueror versus conquered, but a vibrant organism with multitudes of varying interactions and people. For instance, “Turcophone Anatolians living in [Cairo] were not necessarily regarded as a completely alien presence,” as nationalistic theory would hold. (p. 247) She writes that “we should remember that the relationship between Ottoman central authority and any given province... was not a question of two rival power centres; rather, it resembled a dialogue or negotiation, with much give and take of personnel and resources.” (p. 112)

The failure to study marginalized peripheries in favor of elite groups is not new in Ottoman historiography. Specifically, Hathaway recalls “the 'decline' paradigm” that historically has been a central theme of Ottoman studies but since has been “cast aside.” (p. 89) She traces this theory back to previous historical study of “Ottoman intellectuals of the late sixteenth century” who believed “the empire was indeed in decline, and they wrote about their concerns” in advice literature. (p. 60) These authors led historians to conclude that after the reign of Sultan Suleyman I an age of corruption, military blunder, and financial collapse slowly eroded the Empire. As the 'decline theory' is based on accounts of intellectual elites it therefore becomes a hypothesis based on a demographic sampling error. Hathaway's monograph, thus, advocates diverse group studies to avoid such biases.

The Arab Lands Under Ottoman Rule, 1516-1800 addresses rather complex issues pertaining to the definition and taxonomy of empire. Much of Hathaway's work is reminiscent of Stoler and Cooper's Between Metropole and Colony in calling for a redefining study of the interactions between inhabitants in an imperial power. Therefore, the contribution of this work is enormous in the field of Ottoman history. Hathaway's inclusion of marginalized groups and analysis of the complex relationship dynamic between ruler and ruled is a valuable addition for Ottomanist scholars. Despite the survey style of this work, a fertile new field of inquiry has been opened. Intellectual, social, religious, and political history are all accounted for in this work. However, social history predominates and outshines the other fields. Further nuanced studies would strengthen her conclusions. Hathaway has provided the start, it is up to future historians to follow.
2 internautes sur 4 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
The Arab Lands under Ottoman Rule: 1516-1800 22 octobre 2012
Par Debib - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Broché Achat vérifié
I purchased this book for a college class. It was in great shape and worked out wonderfully for me. As far as the book itself, the title says it all. If you like history of the Ottoman Rule you will like this book.
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