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Capitalism and the Historians [Format Kindle]

F. A. Hayek

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Présentation de l'éditeur

A book that will disturb the sleep of a good many scholars" Max Eastman
F. A. Hayek's Introduction lays the groundwork for this study of the rise of the factory system in Great Britain. It also examines why historians have been so critical of capitalism and the factory system. The subsequent essays discuss why intellectuals have usually been antagonistic to capitalism and what effect these historical misconceptions have had on the world's attitude toward business enterprise.

* Papers by distinguished British, American and European economic historians including T. S. Ashton, L. M. Hacker and Bertrand de Jouvenel
* Actual case studies of the English factory system and the English factory worker support the theoretical material.

Détails sur le produit

  • Format : Format Kindle
  • Taille du fichier : 541 KB
  • Nombre de pages de l'édition imprimée : 203 pages
  • Pagination - ISBN de l'édition imprimée de référence : 0415313287
  • Utilisation simultanée de l'appareil : Jusqu'à 4 appareils simultanés, selon les limites de l'éditeur
  • Editeur : Routledge; Édition : Reprint (5 novembre 2013)
  • Vendu par : Amazon Media EU S.à r.l.
  • Langue : Anglais
  • Synthèse vocale : Activée
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  • Composition améliorée: Non activé
  • Classement des meilleures ventes d'Amazon: n°130.085 dans la Boutique Kindle (Voir le Top 100 dans la Boutique Kindle)

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Amazon.com: 4.0 étoiles sur 5  9 commentaires
25 internautes sur 28 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
4.0 étoiles sur 5 what is history 1 janvier 2002
Par Un client - Publié sur Amazon.com
I am intrigued by this collection of essays in "Capitalism and the Historians" published in 1954. Professor F. A. Hayek of the University of Chicago USA is the editor with contributions from Louis Hacker, W. H. Hutt and Bertrand de Jouvenel. The topic of discussion is specifically, the "legend of the deterioration of th eposition of the working classes in consequence to the rise of 'capitalism'", and generally, "the widespread aversion to 'capitalism'". On a larger scale, these essays examine what is "history", as apart from "political legend". Professor Ashton attacks a general pessismism and lack of economic sense in the commonly accepted views of the economic developments of the nineteenth century. He opposes the views of Sombart and Schumpeter which write history "as though it its function were simply to exhibit the gradualness of inevitability." Rather, Ashton maintains "that it is from the spontaneous actions and choices of ordinary people that progress springs." Louis M Hacker addresses the same themes as Ashton and discusses the present attitude of American historians toward capitalism. Hacker summarises, "When, therefore, historians learn to treat their materials more sensitively and make corrections on the counts indicated, the popularly accepted notions about profits as exploitation will undergo drastic revision." Bertrand de Jouvenel examines the treatment of capitalism by continental intellectuals. He explains that the modern intelligentsia occupies a similar position as the clerics of Medieval Times although their authority is undermined because they lack the responsibility of the clerics who were themselves part of the community. "The study of the past," writes de Jouvenel, "always bears the imprint of the present views." In the second part of this book, Ashton examines what happened to the standard of life of the British working classes in the late decades of the eighteenth and the early decades of the nineteenth. W H Hutt also examines the British factory system of this period. The report of the "Sadler's Commitee" in 1832 is analyzed. Although this examination and defence of "capitalism" made for extremely interesting reading, I was more impressed with the methods these historians used to extract their view of events and thereby, redefine common misconceptions of an historical period. If you are interested in the early development of the Industrial Revolution in Britain, or in history as a dynamic organism, this book will be interesting to you.
9 internautes sur 9 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
Par Steven H Propp - Publié sur Amazon.com
Nobel Prize-winning economist Friedrich Hayek wrote in the Preface to this 1954 collection, "The first three papers in this volume were originally presented to a gathering of an international group of economists, historians, and social philosophers who for some years have been meeting regularly to discuss the problems of the preservation of a free society against the totalitarian threat... It was ... suggested that this might be usefully combined with reprinting some earlier papers by members of the Society dealing with closely connected topics... I have tried, in an Introduction ... to explain the wider significance of the problem discussed in the earlier pages." (NOTE: Page numbers below refer to the 1967 184-page edition by the University of Chicago.)

Hayek observes, "The proletariat which capitalism can be said to have 'created' was thus not a proportion of the population which would have existed without it and which it had degraded to a lower level; it was an additional population which was enabled to grow up by the new opportunities for employment which capitalism provided." (Pg. 16) Concerning the conditions of industrial workers, he suggests that "While there is every evidence that great misery existed, there is none that it was greater than or even as great as it had been before." (Pg. 18)

One author points out that the "common charge of inhumanity" against the 19th century "would be an idle slander if it were not so gross." He notes that the 19th century introduced on a broad scale public health and public education, and made possible the "amazing climb of real wages in industrialized countries." (Pg. 64-65) He adds that the anticapitalism of the New Dealers is "political and moral; for certainly no serious case has been made out against capitalism as such." (Pg. 87)

Bertrand de Jouvenel argues that researchers using the comparative method might have found that "a massive influx into the towns, with the resultant squalor and pauperism, occurred as well in countries untouched by the Industrial Revolution, where they produced waves of beggars instead of underpaid workers." (Pg. 99)

T.S. Ashton (author of The Industrial Revolution, 1760-1830 (C Opus T Opus N)) comments approvingly on the 19th century's growth of trade unions, friendly societies, savings banks, popular newspapers, schools, and noncomformist chapels: "all give evidence of the existence of a large class raised well above the level of mere subsistence." (Pg. 154)

Another commentator observes that the famous/infamous Sadler Report was negatively reviewed by Friedrich Engels, as being "emphatically partisan, composed by strong enemies of the factory for party ends." (Pg. 160)

This challenging collection will be of great interest to defenders of the free market, or those wanting more information about this era.
4 internautes sur 4 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
4.0 étoiles sur 5 Not a life changing book but interesting views 15 novembre 2011
Par Robert Kirk - Publié sur Amazon.com
Hayek's collection of essays is an interesting look at capitalism from the late 1800's onward. I enjoyed the writer's views of liberal "intellectuals" and their negative views and historical perspective of Europe and early America. A few of the writers talked about Marx and Engels and their remarkable views and propaganda of capitalists. In all, a short book and some high quality writers contributing to the history of capitalism.
2 internautes sur 2 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 Who Writes History 21 mars 2014
Par Robert Martin - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format:Broché|Achat vérifié
The industrial revolution in England is always pictured in Dickensian terms, the "dark satanic mills" and so forth. We are told that while capitalism eventually can be led, by government direction, to yield a better standard of living, it takes a long time.

This always seemed dubious to me - I suspected that people worked in the mills because it was a better option than staying put and starving. Much like China and other developing nations today, the new jobs should have allowed a step up. This series of essays, based on sources from the time, shows that to be the case. The essays reveal information showing that for most workers, the new jobs improved their standard of living. Leftist historians and writers, starting with Engels and Marx, seized on the misery of those at the bottom to criticize captialism and forecast its downfall. This book is a valuable counterbalance to the conventional wisdom about the period.
5.0 étoiles sur 5 Perfectly as described. Would purchase from again. Thank ... 26 juillet 2014
Par Tanya - Publié sur Amazon.com
Perfectly as described. Would purchase from again. Thank you.
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