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Climate Cover-Up: The Crusade to Deny Global Warming [Format Kindle]

James Hoggan , Richard Littlemore

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Présentation de l'éditeur

Talk of global warming is nearly inescapable these days — but there are some who believe the concept of climate change is an elaborate hoax. Despite the input of the world’s leading climate scientists, the urgings of politicians, and the outcry of many grassroots activists, many Americans continue to ignore the warning signs of severe climate shifts. How did this happen? Climate Cover-up seeks to answer this question, describing the pollsters and public faces who have crafted careful language to refute the findings of environmental scientists. Exploring the PR techniques, phony "think tanks," and funding used to pervert scientific fact, this book serves as a wake-up call to those who still wish to deny the inconvenient truth.

Détails sur le produit

  • Format : Format Kindle
  • Taille du fichier : 392 KB
  • Nombre de pages de l'édition imprimée : 266 pages
  • Pagination - ISBN de l'édition imprimée de référence : 1553654854
  • Editeur : Greystone Books (1 décembre 2009)
  • Vendu par : Amazon Media EU S.à r.l.
  • Langue : Anglais
  • ASIN: B008V463TE
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  • Classement des meilleures ventes d'Amazon: n°458.791 dans la Boutique Kindle (Voir le Top 100 dans la Boutique Kindle)
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Amazon.com: 4.1 étoiles sur 5  101 commentaires
22 internautes sur 23 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 Well written and clear analysis. 12 février 2010
Par Doctor Who - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format:Broché|Achat vérifié
I have been reading about the science of climate change as a non-scientist, and about the policy and political implications, for a number of years, trying to learn what was going on, and what needs to be done in response. I particularly recommend Kolbert, "Field Notes from a Catastrophe," and Flannery, "The Weather Makers" for a good overview. And "Scientific American" provides good regular coverage of the issue. The description of this book struck me as interesting so I bought it from amazon and read it, and recommend it as well written and clear, and providing a good overview of the long-term disinformation campaign by professional skeptics who don't do much science, but do a lot of public relations on behalf of the industry that does not want to be responsible for the harm climate change is causing. I think business students familiar with marketing and advertising will find the authors perspective on how that industry plays in this area quite interesting. The insight into Canadian tar sands gives a new perspective to a subject for readers unfamiliar with anything except U.S. politics. I read it just before the latest round of PR broke --- the theft of the East Anglia E-mails and the controversy over the Himalaya glacier melt rates in the IPCC report. None of these undercut the overall science of climate change, but they play into the PR campaign to put off a timely cost-effective response. Another book I bought here, "What's the Worse That Can Happen," lays out the risk assessment argument for responsible action. But I fear our political and legal system is too dysfunctional to be able to respond in time. In any event, this book will need a second edition to take into account the events of recent months, and perhaps by then we will know the e-mails of the professional skeptics as well.
166 internautes sur 200 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 An excellent intro to the hidden infrastructure of climate anti-science 22 septembre 2009
Par John R Mashey - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format:Broché|Achat vérifié
ANTI-SCIENCE AND WHO DOES IT
Anti-science (or agnotology), seeks to cover-up or obscure science considered inconvenient, or at least create doubt in the minds of public and decision-makers. It seeks to replace knowledge with ignorance, and has no resemblance to normal arguments within science, by scientists.

Modern anti-science is most skillfully executed by a relatively small subset of lobbyists and PR agencies. Some of the most effective are actually "thinktanks". They have public identities distinct from their (often-unidentified) funders, and can often be labeled "non-profit", thus avoiding the expense of taxes. They often seek funding in the same way as lobbyist/PR agencies, as is well-documented in the Tobacco Archives.

Such entities have played successful roles in activities like fending off tobacco regulation, fighting CFC regulation ("ozone hole"), fighting mercury regulation, etc. For some, their top priority has changed to obfuscating climate science. Anyone who can help keep children getting addicted to tobacco should find it easy to create confusion about climate.

So, if you wonder how and why so many people, especially in North America, are confused about the current state of climate science, this is an excellent introduction to the key players and tactics.

SAMPLE CHAPTERS AND TOPICS

four: THE AGE OF ASTROTURFING
People respond better to "grass-roots" efforts than to PR from business. If no grass-roots efforts exist, then one can set up fake ones ... astroturf.

eight DENIAL BY THE POUND
Within science, the only things that really count are:
- publication in credible, peer-reviewed journals, a relatively low bar that mostly means "Not obviously wrong and might be worth reading."

- and surviving the high bar: widespread review by scientists in the field, to see if the results stand the test of time. Many don't. A few don't survive more than a few days.

But, if people cannot even get something over the low bar, they can try "petition science", in which large numbers of names are collected, sometimes including people who object violently to their inclusion as misrepresentation.

This tactic is popular, but absurd:

If you have heart problems, and 10 of the world's top cardiologists agree that you need a quad-bypass operation, do you listen to them? Suppose 10 brain surgeons sign a petition saying cardiologists know nothing about hearts. Do you believe *that* instead? Maybe the problem can be ignored?

How about a petition with 10,000 signatures ... of brain surgeons, engineers, epidemiologists, economists, politicians, chemists, nuclear physicists, and maybe a handful of (mostly-retired or not very successful) cardiologists? Are 10,000 non-experts more believable than 10 non-experts? Are they more believable than 10 experts?

nine JUNK SCIENTISTS
The same people who were often helped the tobacco industry now help others, using well-honed tactics and claims of non-existent expertise.

fourteen WHITEWASHING COAL
"Clean coal" isn't. I grew up in Western Pennsylvania, and used to work summers at the US Bureau of Mines, which tried to regulate the industry. Homes still collapse due to mine subsidence, although the coal companies departed long ago.

One topic that I hope will get more attention in any later editions is the role of certain wealthy family foundations in funding anti-science, as corporations are not the only funders. of course, this can be hard to track, given the complex web of funding that rather resembles money-laundering.

---- Added 9/24/09
Corporate funding for climate anti-science is rather concentrated in a few sectors, but corporations generally need not support anti-science. For example, on 9/22/09, the large California utility, Pacific Gas and Electric, announced its withdrawal from the US Chamber of Commerce over the latter's climate policies. The article "Irreconcilable Differences" at PG&E's website Next100 quoted PG&E CEO Peter Darbee's strong, succinct statement:

"We find it dismaying that the Chamber neglects the indisputable fact that a decisive majority of experts have said the data on global warming are compelling and point to a threat that cannot be ignored. In our opinion, an intellectually honest argument over the best policy response to the challenges of climate change is one thing; disingenuous attempts to diminish or distort the reality of these challenges are quite another."
----

SUMMARY
Those new to this topic will learn quite a bit of what goes on behind the scenes. Even those familiar with the topic will discover new connections - I certainly did.

Some Canadian references might be unfamiliar to Americans, but are useful, because they offer both similarities and contrasts. Also, Canada has many parallels with Australia (oil or coal exports), so Australians may find this instructive as well. Australian blogger Tim Lambert gets plaudits for his sleuth work. New Zealand cases are mentioned, and the UK is well-represented. Climate anti-science knows no borders.

This is an excellent introduction to an important topic. An informed citizen should not only understand a little climate science, but really needs to recognize the machinery of climate anti-science, which really does not want informed citizens.
56 internautes sur 66 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
4.0 étoiles sur 5 Requires a careful reading 27 octobre 2009
Par Personne - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format:Broché|Commentaire client Vine pour produit gratuit (De quoi s'agit-il?)
The chasm between the practice of science and the public's perception is enormous. Any body of knowledge that may require a change in public policy rapidly becomes prey to ideology. One need look no farther than the reviews posted about this very book. A large portion of the public does not understand how to understand science and tends to look for voices of authority. It's no surprise that those they trust to form their political views may also end up framing their views about science. This is true no matter where a person sits along the political spectrum. It's a pity, because ideology has no place in understanding this important topic.

I believe there are still many people who would like to know what the fuss is about. They don't like to have their opinions dictated to them by someone else. They may be vaguely suspicious that there's more than impartiality going on. This book is an imperfect step for readers who may fit that description. There is too much of the author's own opinion where a simple statement of facts is more than sufficient. The book steers a little too uncertainly between polemic and journalism.

I found the preface and initial chapters somewhat off-putting. The author spends some time on the case of Freeman Dyson, a scientist with a respected opinion in many areas. Dyson has moved strongly into the camp of 'deniers' (a term I promise not to use again). Author Hoggan makes quite a spectacle of Dyson's lack of credentials in this area. This is a dangerous approach for many reasons. There are certainly cases of scientists displaying remarkable ignorance outside their fields. One need look no further than William Shockley to understand that. But there are also many uncredentialed scientists who've done spectacular work. For example, the much-respected paleontologist Jack Horner never finished his bachelor's degree. Most importantly, James Hoggan isn't a scientist at all. It's not about the credentials. It's about the work. The author demonstrates this well at many later points in the book, but he may well lose many potential readers before he gets to the good stuff.

If one finds the opening pages unattractive, I might suggested jumping ahead to chapter six, "Mangling the Language". Hoggan's own work in public relations makes him more than qualified to speak on this topic. What you learn in this chapter can prove useful far beyond the scope of the book itself. Other good chapters follow, focusing on trade groups and the spokesmen they employ. If anything, Hoggan should have been even more critical of the press. Most news organizations are arms of a larger corporation. They employ hordes of people to cover Hollywood but no one qualified to cover science. With a few welcome exceptions press coverage of science is abysmal, and has left the public ill-prepared to discuss topics as serious as climate change.

I wish that Hoggan had injected a little less of himself in this book. Much of the reportage is quite persuasive and doesn't need to be shouted. For readers whose views are not hardened, there's much to appreciate.
16 internautes sur 19 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 I can't remember the last time I enjoyed being so upset about what I read in a book! 31 janvier 2010
Par ARH - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format:Broché|Commentaire client Vine pour produit gratuit (De quoi s'agit-il?)
James Hoggan has put together an eye-opening expose of the deliberate activities of many powerful entities to refute, deny, or disclaim the cumulative scientific consensus regarding global climate change - that human activities are the primary driving force behind global climate change. These powerful entities include the oil and gas industry, the coal industry, and other money-rich manufacturing and industrial groups, as well as some local and federal governments (e.g., Canada, and the USA - under the last Bush administation). These are all entities that will suffer significantly once the general population comes to a realization that the climate is changing and that there is a worrisome risk associated with this change.

Hoggan and his associates outline and document case after case where the scientific community's consensus on climate change, including strong statements from the UN's IPCC [Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change], The American Meteorological Society, The American Geophysical Union, and the AAAS [American Association for the Advancement of Science] that the global climate is changing due mainly to human activities is ridiculed, undercut, and smeared by people paid either directly or indirectly by special interest money (oil, gas, coal, tobacco, manufacturing, etc.).

The margins of many pages of my copy of this book filled with comments and personal observations of things that I had long suspected, but had never been able to take the time to discover on my own. As the pages flew by I found myself getting madder and madder, and sadder and sadder. Many things I had long suspected were confirmed repeatedly.

In summary, this is not a book about climate change or even a call for action. This is a book about the practices and tactics used by the anti-climate change community to muddy the water and to keep the general population (including all of us) from coming to the realization that there is a strong scientific consensus on this issue, and that the longer we wait to act, the less effective our actions will be. This campaign of disinformation and misinformation has been so effective that even some people that should know better because of their knowledge and training have been deceived. So I certainly don't blame people for being confused when this topic is outside of their own realm of expertise and experience.

FYI - I am not just parroting what Hoggan said in his book. I have been following and studying and teaching about the environment for almost 20 years. Everything I read in Hoggan's book rang true to what I know and many things I have long suspected.

No matter where you fall on the climate change "debate" you will benefit from reading this book!

Thanks for the insights and strong reminders about the need to be diligent regarding not only the messages we hear, but their ultimate sources as well.

5 solid stars!
12 internautes sur 14 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 Excellent expose will make you angry but well informed! 18 mars 2010
Par Rabbi Yonassan Gershom - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format:Broché|Commentaire client Vine pour produit gratuit (De quoi s'agit-il?)
If somebody told you that there was a 90% chance your plane would crash, would you still get on the flight? Of course not, says author James Hoggan. But that is exactly what the "skeptical environmentalist" nay-sayers are telling you to do about global warming. Instead of listening to the 90+ percent of scientists who agree that human-caused climate changes are happening, they seek out and lionize the few fringe folks who still think global warming is all a big hoax. And these "experts" are indeed fringe -- many don't even have degrees in climatology, have done no research in the area, published no peer-reviewed papers, have no real standing anywhere. Yet they keep appearing on those "fair and balanced" debates as "proof" that scientists are not yet "united" over this issue. How does this happen? Because of very carefully-planned campaigns by Big Oil (especially Exxon Mobile), the coal industry and other vested interests who have purposely sought to sow doubt in the public mind about global warming.

For that matter, ever wonder why, in the 1990s, we all suddenly started calling it "climate change" instead of "global warming"? I always thought it was because "climate change" was a more accurate term. In fact, Hoggan tells us, it was a conscious spin campaign on the part of conservative anti-science interests to make the crisis sound less threatening. GLOBAL WARMING -- Yikes! That sounds really scary! But call it "climate change" and it evokes imagery of somebody moving from New York to Florida. (Of course, we are now learning that climate change also means more and bigger hurricanes, tons of snow dumped where it normally does not fall, droughts in places that used to be fertile farms, lakes drying up, rivers flooding, disruption of ocean currents, etc. Global warming by any other name is still an environmental crisis.)

Many years ago I read a book called How to Lie with Statistics, which gave me a heads-up about how politicians, media gurus, self-appointed "experts" and spin doctors can manipulate numbers to fool the public. So I never really bought the disinformation sowed by the nay-sayers. Still, I was horrified to read in this book how carefully planned this conspiracy to deny global warming really was. "Not for Profit" orgs that actually get most of their money from Exxon, orgs with fancy websites that have their "headquarters" in somebody's trailer in the middle of nowhere, scientists who were paid $10,000 by Mobile to write papers and attend conferences questioning global warming, etc. I'm not big on conspiracy theories, but in this case, it really is a conspiracy.

Hoggan meticulously documents his claims and does an excellent job of exposing the frauds and manipulators for what they really are. This book will make you angry (nobody enjoys being manipulated) but it is also a call to action. The tide of opinion is turning, and there is still time for a well-informed public to apply REAL science to start solving environmental problems.
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