Concepts of Force: A Study in the Foundations of Dynamics (Anglais) Broché – 30 septembre 1999
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For some reason, the book has many quotes in french or other languages with no translation. However, the paragraphs around those passages help understand the meaning of it.
I would say this book is meant for physicists or engineers that appreciate the historical an philosophical evolution of their fields.
In the first chapter, Jammer writes that force was "taken originally in analogy to human will power, spiritual influence, or muscular effort", and that "the concept became projected into inanimate objects as a power dwelling in physical things." Whether force appears in physical theories, it may be an innate way of thinking for humans; for this see perhaps Piaget's The Child's Conception of Physical Causality.
We find reading Jammer's book that force is commonly thought of as a cause. Bertrand Russell says in his 1912 "On the notion of cause" that, "All philosophers, of every school, imagine that causation is one of the fundamental axioms or postulates of science, yet, oddly enough, in advanced sciences such as gravitational astronomy, the word 'cause' never occurs." For the history of causality in physical science see the medievalist William A. Wallace's two volume "Causality and Scientific Explanation" and Mario Bunge's Causality and Modern Science: Third Revised Edition.
My only complaint is that Jammer says little about statics and variational principles. For statics, probably the best places to go are Duhem's The Origins of Statics: The Sources of Physical Theory (Boston Studies in the Philosophy and History of Science) (Volume 123) and Moody and Clagett's "The Medieval Science of Weights", and for variational principles see Lanczos The Variational Principles of Mechanics (Dover Books on Physics); Lanczos is mostly a textbook but with historical remarks, and I do not know a better book for a mathematically detailed history of variational principles. The writer best known for clarifying the primitive notions used in physics is Ernst Mach, and his best known work is The Science of Mechanics: A Critical and Historical Account of Its Development; this work is referred to many times by Jammer.