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Darwin's Dangerous Idea: Evolution and the Meanins of Life [Anglais] [Broché]

Daniel C. Dennett

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Table des matières


Contents

Preface

Part I: Starting in the Middle

CHAPTER ONE

Tell Me Why

1. Is Nothing Sacred?

2. What, Where, When, Why -- and How?

3. Locke's "Proof" of the Primacy of Mind

4. Hume's Close Encounter

CHAPTER TWO

An Idea Is Born

1. What Is So Special About Species?

2. Natural Selection -- an Awful Stretcher

3. Did Darwin Explain the Origin of Species?

4. Natural Selection as an Algorithmic Process

5. Processes as Algorithms

CHAPTER THREE

Universal Acid

1. Early Reactions

2. Darwin's Assault on the Cosmic Pyramid

3. The Principle of the Accumulation of Design

4. The Tools for R and D: Skyhooks or Cranes?

5. Who's Afraid of Reductionism?

CHAPTER FOUR

The Tree of Life

1. How Should We Visualize the Tree of Life?

2. Color-coding a Species on the Tree

3. Retrospective Coronations: Mitochondrial Eve and Invisible Beginnings

4. Patterns, Oversimplification, and Explanation

CHAPTER FIVE

The Possible and the Actual

1. Grades of Possibility?

2. The Library of Mendel

3. The Complex Relation Between Genome and Organism

4. Possibility Naturalized

CHAPTER SIX

Threads of Actuality in Design Space

1. Drifting and Lifting Through Design Space

2. Forced Moves in the Game of Design

3. The Unity of Design Space

Part II: Darwinian Thinking in Biology

CHAPTER SEVEN

Priming Darwin' s Pump

1. Back Beyond Darwin's Frontier

2. Molecular Evolution

3. The Laws of the Game of Life

4. Eternal Recurrence -- Life Without Foundations?

CHAPTER EIGHT

Biology Is Engineering

1. The Sciences of the Artificial

2. Darwin Is Dead -- Long Live Darwin!

3. Function and Specification

4. Original Sin and the Birth of Meaning

5. The Computer That Learned to Play Checkers

6. Artifact Hermeneutics, or Reverse Engineering

7. Stuart Kauffman as Meta-Engineer

CHAPTER NINE

Searching for Quality

1. The Power of Adaptationist Thinking

2. The Leibnizian Paradigm

3. Playing with Constraints

CHAPTER TEN

Bully for Brontosaurus

1. The Boy Who Cried Wolf?

2. The Spandrel's Thumb

3. Punctuated Equilibrium: A Hopeful Monster

4. Tinker to Evers to Chance: The Burgess Shale Double-Play Mystery

CHAPTER ELEVEN

Controversies Contained

1. A Clutch of Harmless Heresies

2. Three Losers: Teilhard, Lamarck, and Directed Mutation

3. Cui Bono?

Part III: Mind, Meaning, Mathematics, and Morality

CHAPTER TWELVE

The Cranes of Culture

1. The Monkey's Uncle Meets the Meme

2. Invasion of the Body-Snatchers

3. Could There Be a Science of Memetics?

4. The Philosophical Importance of Memes

CHAPTER THIRTEEN

Losing Out Minds to Darwin

1. The Role of Language in Intelligence

2. Chomsky Contra Darwin: Four Episodes

3. Nice Tries

CHAPTER FOURTEEN

The Evolution of Meanings

1. The Quest for Real Meaning

2. Two Black Boxes

3. Blocking the Exits

4. Safe Passage to the Future

CHAPTER FIFTEEN

The Emperor's New Mind, and Other Fables

1. The Sword in the Stone

2. The Library of Toshiba

3. The Phantom Quantum-Gravity Computer: Lessons from Lapland

CHAPTER SIXTEEN

On the Origin of Morality

1. E Pluribus Unum?

2. Friedrich Nietzsche's Just So Stories

3. Some Varieties of Greedy Ethical Reductionism

4. Sociobiology: Good and Bad, Good and Evil

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN

Redesigning Morality

1. Can Ethics Be Naturalized?

2. Judging the Competition

3. The Moral First Aid Manual

CHAPTER EIGHTEEN

The Future of an Idea

1. In Praise of Biodiversity

2. Universal Acid: Handle with Care

Appendix

Bibliography

Index

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