PHyèresTOP 500 COMMENTATEURS sur 19 avril 2014
Il y a maintenant de nombreuses années que "l'art des fous","l'art des débiles" (voir le livre ancien de Jean Revol : Art de débiles, débiles de l'art ?), bref l'art pratiqué par les malades atteints de maladies psychiatriques est devenu digne d'intérêt. Il ne s'agit pas là des artistes confirmés, célèbres, dont la créativité et les oeuvres ont pu être directement influencés par une pathologie (voir L'Art et la folie de Sophie de Sivry) mais bien les oeuvres de patients "lambda", qui pour la très grande majorité resteront inconnus. Pourtant, dans ce livre bien édité (belles reproductions pleine page sur papier mat pour un prix vraiment modique) on est face à des oeuvres de qualité certes inégale mais parfois de grande qualité, exprimant toujours la souffrance ressentie par ces malades particuliers que sont les autistes. Oeuvres autoditactes surprenantes de maturité dans certains cas, et qui rappellent des peintres aussi connus que Bacon par exemple (Milda Branzaite, Noah Erenberg). Si le sujet vous intéresse, ou plus généralement si vous êtes amateur d'art, ce livre est pour vous.
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The soul of autism in form and color21 février 2010
- Publié sur Amazon.com
This art book is primarily a celebration of form and color as done by artists on the autistic spectrum. I counted 53 different artists with a wide range of styles. Just to note a few: there is the blueprint precision of Temple Grandin, the cubist-like work of Wil C. Kerner, the pointillism style of Esher Brokaw, the cartoons of Justin Canha and Glen Russ, the categorical detailed work of Gregory L. Blackstone, the ethereal anguish of Marilyn Cosho, and many more. I felt an overall sense of estrangement and longing that is at the heart of the human predicament. We are both part of this world and estranged from it; we are among family and friends and yet we are alone. We feel the contradictions and the confusions of life and we try to make sense of it.
I think it was at least partially the intent of Jill Mullin, who edited the book and conducted the interviews with the artists, to allow the artwork to reveal the unique soul of autism. She writes: "...I sorted the work so that it provides an overview of the spectrum while celebrating the creative individuality of every single person on the spectrum. These themes and visual tendencies do speak to aspects of the diagnoses." (p. 13)
We, so-called "normal" people, necessarily see the world in a utilitarian sense heavily colored by subsistence and social need. Consequently I have always thought that one of the things that an artist must do is free our minds from the prison of utility in which we see the world only in so far as it is useful to us or not. While most manmade objects in our lives are useful for something, art is its own reason for being.
It is in this context that I find this book most interesting. Some autistics naturally see things as they are, without the coloration of utility. Temple Grandin, who wrote the introduction for "Drawing Autism," is probably the most famous autistic in the world. (A movie about her life, Temple Grandin (2010), starring Claire Dane in the title role has recently been aired on HBO.) She is an artist herself although her work is enormously precise and detailed and in fact of great utility. But much of the "utility" in her designs for the livestock industry shows that she sees the design from the point of view of the animals themselves, and that is the secret of her success. Most designers of such equipment would naturally be interested in designs that work for the company, and would be unlikely to see things from the point of view of the animals. But Grandin did, and because the equipment that she designed calmed the animals, the equipment proved to be very useful to the industry and a godsend to the animals.
Similarly the art of Donna Williams, for example, as shown in this book depicts a unique, non-utilitarian, non-social point of view. In "Cat's Home" (p. 20) she identifies with a homeless cat. In "The Outsider" on the next page, she identifies with someone outside a social network. She says, "Being object blind and context blind, I'd tap everything to make noise, to hear its 'voice,' flick it to feel its movement, turn it to experience how it caught light..." (p. 21) The "normal" person would not see the object beyond what it is useful for, and the context would be monetary, social or sexual.
Professor Grandin sees three types of specialized minds on the autistic spectrum. First there is the visual thinker who sees the world primarily in pictures like herself. The second type is the pattern thinker who see relationships between numbers and geometric forms. The third type is the word specialist. Grandin notes, "These people are often really good with words, and they usually are not interested in art." I think people of this third type are often recognizes as "Aspies," or people with Asperger's syndrome, which is now considered part of the autistic spectrum of disorders--a designation that has been met with much controversy.
One thing is clear: most of those on the spectrum have reduced social skills and so can examine and experience the world from an outsider's perspective. In other words, we can learn from them things we could not learn by ourselves, and we can gain from them a view of the world cleansed of utilitarian bias. But it is also obvious from looking at the work of the autistic artists presented here that there is a great yearning for social acceptance and understanding.
(Note: The following books by Dennis Littrell are now available at Amazon.com:
Yoga: Sacred and Profane (Beyond Hatha Yoga) Dennis Littrell's True Crime Companion Novels and other Fictions Cut to the Chaise Lounge or I Can't Believe I Swallowed the Remote! The Holon Teddy and Teri High School from Hell Let's Play Overkill! Like a Tsunami Headed for Hilo Understanding Evolution and Ourselves
The World Is Not as We Think It Is)
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Art Describes the World of Autism28 novembre 2009
- Publié sur Amazon.com
Jill Mullin opens this very sophisticated and well-designed book with a foreword titled AS SEEN THROUGH THE AUTISM SPECTRUM in which she opens with the statement ' Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability associated with social interaction and communication impairments and rigid and/or repetitive behaviors.' She then proceeds to study the visual manifestations of autistic people by presenting a book, every page of which is filled with not only full color reproductions of 'artists' presenting their art accompanied by a brief but telling note by each person whose art is displayed.
By deciding to allow the art speak for itself Jill Mullin, who comes to this project with years of experience working with both children and adults with autism, makes a strong statement about the manner in which the mind of autistic people view the world. She asked every artist represented in this book the following questions: At what age did the act of creating art enter your life?, Why did you start creating art?, What inspires/excites you about creating art?, How do you choose your subjects?, Do you think your art helps others understand how you view the world?, Who are some artists you like?, What was the inspiration for each piece of art that you have submitted to 'Drawing Autism'? What follows is a splendid portfolio art from a number of very gifted artists. This is a book not only about autism but also about the spectrum of art being created today. It is entertaining, enlightening, and another well designed publication from Mark Batty Publisher. Grady Harp, November 09
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Drawing Autism by Jill Mulin, Temple Grandin15 mars 2014
- Publié sur Amazon.com
Drawing Autism is a collection of art created by people who are on the autism spectrum. For some of the artists, art is the only way of communicating their experiences as a person with autism. But whether the art is highly sophisticated, emotionally powerful, playful, technically amazing or naive, the cumulative experience of this book is astonishing. There is an introduction by Temple Grandin describing how drawing became her entry into what became her very successful career and the book is then divided into themes. Each chapter consists primarily of art-paintings, collages, drawings, mosaics, a wild and exciting diversity of media and subjects, accompanied by a small amount of text written by the artist.
Jill Mullin has done a wonderful job of selecting the art. Each piece is beautifully reproduced and the companion text is taken from a questionnaire filled out by the artist. In some cases, the answer was dictated to someone who wrote it down and in a few cases, the artist is non-verbal and a caregiver has answered. The text is often fascinating and complements the work but it is the work that amazes. I couldn't put the book down. I am not an artist so I cannot critique the work technically but the emotional power was undeniable and the range of art breathtaking.
I am both a teacher of students with autism and the mother of a son who is on the spectrum and perhaps that contributed to the impact of the work. But I believe that the power of the art would be there anyway. Through art, through the use of color, pattern, drawing, subject matter, these peoples have created a powerful communication about their lives and the gift of creativity. Through art, some without any other voice, speak more clearly than many of us with words. There are expressions of grief and longing, self-definitions, sharing of joy and playfulness, that reach far beyond the page. This is a book I will continue to treasure and return to again and again.
I won this book from LibraryThing, and I feel so lucky! The only critique I have is that the type is so small.
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Excelent28 juin 2010
- Publié sur Amazon.com
La capacidad de expresarse a traves de la pintura es siempre conmovente pero la de estas personas es todavia mas especial.
Felicitaciones a todas las personas que trabajan con ellos para poder darles esta oportunidad.
1 internautes sur 1 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile
Artful Insight15 juin 2014
Story Circle Book Reviews
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In a big three-drawer file cabinet, I have two heavily bulging hanging folders full of my brother's drawings. At least four of my sisters have similar collections. He used to send drawings along with his letters, and the envelopes came stuffed to bursting. We all knew that his unique perspective was reflected in his artwork.
The objects in my brother's drawings are often transparent, and often seen from above, and they generally treat the same subjects, especially tree-trimming trucks. Being a tree-trimmer is his idea of a dream job. But that dream will be hard for him to achieve, because my brother has a unique set of developmental issues that fall into a category called Autistic Spectrum Disorder [ASD].
When I heard about Jill Mullin's book, Drawing Autism, I was pleased that someone was recognizing the creativity of people who often struggle with more ordinary modes of expressing themselves. Yet I was also a little doubtful, fearing that she might paint with too broad a brush, generalizing about people who often have more differences than similarities, because autism touches individuals of every class and color, every religion, every ability. And it presents itself in ways unique to the person. I needn't have worried.
Mullin chose artworks of quite diverse styles, varied levels of sophistication, and many techniques, trying to give a sense of that individuality. Landscapes, portraits, invention plans, busy urban environments, and potent dreams are just some of the subjects. As she sorts the pieces into seven manageable chapters, such as "Bird's-Eye View" or "Getting from Here to There," Mullin demonstrates artistic features that are shared, and that reveal something of the disorder's impact on thinking and world view. She has put together a beautiful and stimulating exhibition-in-a-book.
In a fascinating foreword, the acclaimed (and autistic) author and professor, Dr. Temple Grandin, calls us to nurture all artistic ability, and to recognize the different kinds of thinking styles on the autistic spectrum, which offer different avenues of expression. Jill Mullin shows us a particular method of expression, drawing and painting, in a few of its wonderful possibilities. She accomplishes her mission: "to display another area where individuals with autism can have great abilities."
Adding to the power of this project are the artists' words. The editor asked each of them a brief set of questions about their art. The answers are informative and intriguing. Most compelling for me was Michael P. McManmon's eloquent response. "When I was young I started to draw trees and strictly used pen and ink and pencil. I did not have the courage to break out of this and was afraid to make mistakes or try new things that I many not have been successful at. When I was diagnosed with Asperger's syndrome [an ASD] in my fifties, it changed my life. I realized that I did not have to try to be perfect anymore. With my art, I began to experiment with color and then painting. I decided that it did not matter if every work was perfect or complete. The same relates to my life--I decided to be open to new ideas by default, instead of the opposite. I started to see things in a new perspective and I now see the beauty that I did not previously see. I decided that I can experience the world in any way that I want."
My brother, and many of those who live under the autism umbrella, may never make saleable paintings, but I believe they can find something of McManmon's liberation by following their own impulse to create. One in 88 children is now diagnosed with Autistic Spectrum Disorder. When my brother was diagnosed nearly fifty years ago, the condition was rare and help was almost nonexistent. As a hyperactive 6-year-old, he drew on everything, scratching stick figures on my mother's piano and coloring on her cabinets. Only my mother's ferocious determination and effort kept him out of an institution. Now he has a job, lives in his own apartment, and shovels snowy walks for his neighbors. He doesn't draw as often, and I haven't added a new picture to my folder in quite some time. I'm glad that he's doing well, yet when I open his letters, I still always hope for a drawing or two. This book reminded me of what I'm missing.
by Susan Schoch for Story Circle Book Reviews reviewing books by, for, and about women