Commencez à lire Flight Behaviour sur votre Kindle dans moins d'une minute. Vous n'avez pas encore de Kindle ? Achetez-le ici Ou commencez à lire dès maintenant avec l'une de nos applications de lecture Kindle gratuites.

Envoyer sur votre Kindle ou un autre appareil

 
 
 

Essai gratuit

Découvrez gratuitement un extrait de ce titre

Envoyer sur votre Kindle ou un autre appareil

Tout le monde peut lire les livres Kindle, même sans un appareil Kindle, grâce à l'appli Kindle GRATUITE pour les smartphones, les tablettes et les ordinateurs.
Flight Behaviour
 
Agrandissez cette image
 

Flight Behaviour [Format Kindle]

Barbara Kingsolver
3.5 étoiles sur 5  Voir tous les commentaires (2 commentaires client)

Prix conseillé : EUR 8,92 De quoi s'agit-il ?
Prix éditeur - format imprimé : EUR 12,10
Prix Kindle : EUR 6,24 TTC & envoi gratuit via réseau sans fil par Amazon Whispernet
Économisez : EUR 5,86 (48%)

Auteurs, publiez directement sur Kindle !

KDP
Via notre service de Publication Directe sur Kindle, publiez vous-même vos livres dans la boutique Kindle d'Amazon. C'est rapide, simple et totalement gratuit.



Le Pack de la Rentrée : 24 applis offertes, plus de 50 euros d'économies, jusqu'au 4 septembre sur l'App-Shop pour Android. Profitez-en et partagez la nouvelle. En savoir plus.


Les clients ayant acheté cet article ont également acheté


Descriptions du produit

Revue de presse

“Drawing on both her Appalachian roots and her background in biology, Kingsolver delivers a passionate novel on the effects of global warming.” (Booklist, Starred Review)

“With her powerful new novel, Kingsolver delivers literary fiction that conveys an urgent social message… a clarion call about climate change, too lucid and vivid for even skeptics to ignore.” (Publishers Weekly, Starred Review)

“…Enthralling…Dellarobia is appealingly complex as a smart, curious, warmhearted woman desperate to-no resisting the metaphor here-trade her cocoon for wings.” (Oprah.com)

“A dazzling page-turner” (Elle)

“Kingsolver has written one of the more thoughtful novels about the scientific, financial and psychological intricacies of climate change. And her ability to put these silent, breathtakingly beautiful butterflies at the center of this calamitous and noisy debate is nothing short of brilliant.” (Ron Charles, Washington Post)

“Dellarobia is a smart, fierce, messy woman, and one can’t help rooting for her to find her wings.” (Entertainment Weekly)

“Dellarobia is appealingly complex as a smart, curious, warmhearted woman desperate to-no resisting the metaphor here-trade her cocoon for wings.” (O, the Oprah Magazine)

“One of the gifts of a Kingsolver novel is the resplendence of her prose. She takes palpable pleasure in the craft of writing, creating images that stay with the reader long after her story is done…(a) majestic and brave new novel.” (New York Times Book Review)

“Kingsolver has constructed a deeply affecting microcosm of a phenomenon that is manifesting in many different tragic ways, in communities and ecosystems all around the globe. This is a fine and complex novel.” (Seattle Times)

“So captivating is this grand, suspenseful plot and the many subplots rising and falling beneath it that it takes some time before we realize what this story is really about -- climate change.” (Minneapolis Star Tribune)

“Spirituality, a troubled marriage, global warming…Kingsolver’s latest is a bold mélange, but it works.” (People)

“Kingsolver is a storyteller first and foremost, as sensitive to human interactions and family dynamics as she is to ecological ones.” (NPR)

“a delicate symbiosis between the sacred and the scientific in this richly rewarding novel that will both entertain and incite its readers.” (BookPage)

“FLIGHT BEHAVIOR is a book worth reading twice? first for the intricacies of character, second for the dense, beautiful language Kingsolver puts on the page. She’s a keen observer of the messiness and unexpected beauty of the quotidian.” (Cleveland Plain Dealer)

“By the end of FLIGHT BEHAVIOR, it’s clear that Kingsolver’s passionate voice and her ability to portray the fragility of the natural world, and why we should care about it, are as strong as ever.” (San Francisco Chronicle)

“Novelists like Kingsolver have a particular knack for making us empathize with lives that may bear little resemblance to our own…What lifts FLIGHT BEHAVIOR…is not just Kingsolver’s nuanced and funny prose; it’s Dellarobia’s awakening to the possibilities around her.” (Julia Ingalls, Salon)

“FLIGHT BEHAVIOR is a terrifically entertaining read about a spirited young woman you’ll miss the minute you reach the last page.” (USA Today)

“Marvelous…This is fiction rich in empathy, wit and science. Like the butterflies that astonish Feathertown, Kingsolvian gifts are ‘fierce and wondrous,’ ‘colors moving around like fire.’” (New York Times)

“[Kingsolver’s] keen grasp of delicate ecosystems-both social and natural-keeps the story convincing and compelling.” (The New Yorker)

Présentation de l'éditeur

Discontented with her life of poverty on a failing farm in the Eastern United States, Dellarobia, a young mother, impulsively seeks out an affair. Instead, on the Appalachian mountains above her home, she discovers something much more profoundly life-changing - a beautiful and terrible marvel of nature. As the world around her is suddenly transformed by a seeming miracle, can the old certainties they have lived by for centuries remain unchallenged?

Flight Behaviour is a captivating, topical and deeply human story touching on class, poverty and climate change. It is Barbara Kingsolver's most accessible novel yet, and explores the truths we live by, and the complexities that lie behind them.


Détails sur le produit

  • Format : Format Kindle
  • Taille du fichier : 770 KB
  • Nombre de pages de l'édition imprimée : 450 pages
  • Pagination - ISBN de l'édition imprimée de référence : 0571290779
  • Editeur : Faber & Faber Fiction; Édition : First Edition (30 octobre 2012)
  • Vendu par : Amazon Media EU S.à r.l.
  • Langue : Anglais
  • ASIN: B008WPB4FK
  • Synthèse vocale : Activée
  • X-Ray :
  • Moyenne des commentaires client : 3.5 étoiles sur 5  Voir tous les commentaires (2 commentaires client)
  • Classement des meilleures ventes d'Amazon: n°38.581 dans la Boutique Kindle (Voir le Top 100 dans la Boutique Kindle)
  •  Souhaitez-vous faire modifier les images ?


En savoir plus sur l'auteur

Découvrez des livres, informez-vous sur les écrivains, lisez des blogs d'auteurs et bien plus encore.

Quels sont les autres articles que les clients achètent après avoir regardé cet article?


Commentaires en ligne 

5 étoiles
0
2 étoiles
0
1 étoiles
0
3.5 étoiles sur 5
3.5 étoiles sur 5
Commentaires client les plus utiles
2 internautes sur 2 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
Format:Relié
I am a Barbara Kingsolver fan. Ever since her first one, Bean Trees, I've read all her books and loved them to varying degrees. Flight Behavior is a worth reading, with true to life country characters like the gutsy Dellarobia. It highlights the mindset divide between scientists, media, and ordinary folk.

The key to the story is monarch butterflies wintering in Appalachia as a result of climate change. But as an artist interested in science, I felt that this fictional shift of migrating monarchs from Mexico to the Appalachians did not function well. Environmental issues are too important to mess around with this way, and the book lost all credibility for me at this point. At the end, the reader thinks, "So what? It's all made up, and the monarchs are not endangered, or are they?" Kingsolver could have taken on a real ecological issue of the region - less spectacular, but true, and less confusing to readers.
Read it for the fine writing, for the characters' growth, for the colorful descriptions, for the activist engagement. And then read Kingsolver's Prodigal Summer for a more realistic and moving book concerning the mountain ecosystem.
Avez-vous trouvé ce commentaire utile ?
3.0 étoiles sur 5 Disappointed 29 mars 2014
Format:Format Kindle|Achat vérifié
Brilliantly written but for me it was a bit boring - the subject was just not my kind of thing. Having said that, the author's ability to paint in words is extraordinary and, although the subject didn't interest me, I absolutely recognize the value of the whole.
Avez-vous trouvé ce commentaire utile ?
Commentaires client les plus utiles sur Amazon.com (beta)
Amazon.com: 4.1 étoiles sur 5  2.246 commentaires
616 internautes sur 643 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 Science and faith 6 novembre 2012
Par "switterbug" Betsey Van Horn - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format:Relié
When I first heard the title to Barbara Kingsolver's seventh novel, I thought of airplanes. Such is the orientation of the 21st century. Well, prepare to step into the rural, economically depressed farming and sheepherding town of Feathertown, Tennessee, where the shepherds flock on Sundays to commune with Pastor Bobby Ogle, their beloved and kind preacher and spiritual leader. This is the kind of repressed, technologically challenged community who believes that climate change is determined by God, not explained by science, and that the past year's flooding was decreed by the heavens and can only be reversed by prayer.

In this story, the survival techniques of the Monarch butterfly, those bright orange, delicate but hardy creatures, and that of a diminutive, flame-haired young woman are inextricably intertwined and analogous. The Monarchs have had an atypical flight behavior this year. Floods and landslides led to felled trees everywhere in their usual roosting place in Mexico. Subsequently, they migrated to Feathertown to overwinter. Why Feathertown? That's the big question that one team of scientists comes to examine. However, they are challenged by the residents, who are skeptical of science-based answers to climate-based questions. In the meantime, residents of Feathertown need to fill their coffers.

Dellarobia Turnbow, 27, has her own kind of flight behaviors, spurred on by too much domestic confinement too soon, and now she is primed to flee, restive--flying from pillar to post, as her mother always said. Unlike the rest of the townspeople, she wasn't as inspired by religion.

"She was a...911 Christian: in the event of an emergency, call the Lord...Jesus was a more reliable backer, less likely to drink himself unconscious or get liver cancer. No wonder people chose Him as their number one friend. But if the chemistry wasn't there, what could you do?"

Married in a shotgun wedding ten years ago, she lost a preemie before having two more children. Her husband, Cub, is a large, docile and complacent man, controlled and essentially managed by his mirthless parents. Dellarobia knows that to live in this town is to be under a microscope; she was the untamed child once, and that wildness is rearing its head again, her dormancy coming to an end.

The first chapter, "The Measure of a Man," is the catalyst for both Dellarobia's evolution and the arc of the story. (If you want to experience it fresh and unspoiled, avoid reading the jacket blurb.) Kingsolver's time-honored talent for yoking the struggle and turmoil of man with the flux and beauty of nature is vividly drawn. She builds the final, dramatic scene of the chapter to a man/nature composition that is at once distilled and dynamic, serene and dramatic. Abundant, also, are Biblical allusions that reflect the community's ethos.

Kingsolver is an agent of social change. She established the Bellwether prize in literature in order to award writers who effect change for the good of humanity. She is also a scholar with postgrad degrees in biology and environmental science. You are going to encounter a stout measure of activism in her writing, covering such issues as the degradation of the planet and its natural resources and the contentious class system of society. If her political evocations have bothered you in the past, they are likely to bother you here, too.

Nevertheless, the author weaves in her social issues with finesse, for the most part, and her vivid portrait of Feathertown is sympathetic and informed. Initially, she seems to lampoon the pious, science-fearing populace, but she gradually tenders the reader to an understanding of the religious community. She slowly develops dialogue between urban, rural, and academic minds and concerns. The biblical allusions are also ripe and fitting, relevant to the inhabitants of Feathertown and the way they see the "miracle" of nature. Dellarobia represents a connection between both worlds.

This is the second book I have read that highlights the migratory patterns and survival modes of the Monarch butterfly, and braids in the journey of self-actualization and coming to terms with loss. SANCTUARY LINE, by Jane Urquhart, is also socially and environmentally conscious, and is an apt companion piece to this book.

The clash of family, science, religion, media, politics, and environment takes Dellarobia on a quest beyond the emotional and intellectual borders she has known all her life, on a journey of discovery and transformation. Like a butterfly out of the chrysalis, she must follow the path of her future.
231 internautes sur 243 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 "What was the use of saving a world that had no soul...?" 6 novembre 2012
Par Jill I. Shtulman - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format:Relié
Barbara Kingsolver is one of those rare writers with whom you know what you are getting before you open the first page.

You know, for example, that the prose is going to be literary, dense, and luscious (take this descriptive line: Summer's heat had never really arrived, nor the cold in turn, and everything living now seemed to yearn for sun with the anguish of the unloved.") You know that the content will focus on some kind of social justice, biodiversity, or environmental issue. You know, too, that at some point, Ms. Kingsolver will cross the line into authorial intrusion based on her passion for the subject she is writing on.

But you keep coming back for more. At least, I do. There is something mesmerizing about a Barbara Kingsolver novel, and something refreshing about a writer who combines a solid scientific background with stunning prose.

This book is entitled Flight Behavior, and for good reason. It opens with a young Appalachian woman - Dellarobia Turnbow - ready to take flight from her shotgun marriage and closed-in life with two young children. On her way up the mountain to engage in an affair, she views an astounding natural phenomenon that changes everything for her.

The core of the novel focuses on that phenomenon,centering on the migratory patterns of the bright orange Monarch butterfly, usually viewed only in Mexico. The topic is climate change and Ms. Kingsolver slashes through the obtuse definitions with language anyone can understand. Dellarobia is paired thematically with a Harvard-educated scientist Ovid Byron, whose lifework is studying the butterflies. He says, "If you woke up one morning, Dellarobia, and one of your eyes had moved to the side of your head, how would you feel about that?" That, in effect, is the same as the butterflies migrating to Appalachia.

There is much to love about this novel. Dellarobia is authentically portrayed: a woman who is confined in a life she has outgrown, complete with two very genuinely created toddlers and a best friend who is not similarly constrained. The duality of science and religion is also tackled. While Barbara Kingsolver makes no secret of how she feels about those who piously say, "Weather is the Lord's business" while polluting our environment, she also concedes to the majesty and mystery of nature, culling in parallels from Job and Noah.

Ultimately, Ms. Kingsolver leaves us with the most important question of all: "what was the use of saving a world that had no soul left in it. Continents without butterflies, seas without coral reef...What if all human effort amounted basically to saving a place for ourselves to park?" The interconnectedness of all nature's creatures - and our true place in our own lives and in the lives of the universe - is a message that lives on in this reader's mind long after the last page is closed.
535 internautes sur 585 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
3.0 étoiles sur 5 Didn't Move Me Like My Prior Kingsolver Reads 6 novembre 2012
Par Christina (A Reader of Fictions) - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format:Relié
I love Barbara Kingsolver. All of her books automatically go on my to-read list, because she's brilliant. One of the things I love about her is how unique her books are from one another. She writes different kind of characters in disparate environments and focuses on varying themes. I find it so impressive when authors can reinvent themselves so often. Flight Behavior is my fourth Kingsolver book. Unfortunately, unlike the others, this one failed to meet my expectations.

My first Kingsolver read was The Bean Trees, which centers around a girl desperate to get out of her small, hick town where most of the girls are pregnant before they even leave high school. She wants to be one of the ones to leave and never come back. Through some odd circumstances, she finds herself stuck raising a baby that's not hers, sort of falling into motherhood. The plot itself didn't have much appeal for me as a reader, but the book was utterly compelling and I loved it so much. Kingsolver's powerful writing and intriguing, quirky characters pulled me in despite myself.

In Flight Behavior, Kingsolver again focuses on a heroine who had dreams of escaping her hick town, but this one didn't make it. Dellarobia hoped to go to college, but wound up pregnant instead. Even worse, the baby boy died, leaving her stuck in a marriage with a man she doesn't respect and reliant on judgmental in-laws. Her unhappiness manifests itself in a wandering eye; she has had a number of crushes on men, flirted with the idea of an affair. The hook of the novel is when Dellarobia heads up the mountain to meet with one of her men and cheat on her husband. On her way, she sees the forest burning with butterflies, and interprets that as a sign from God that she needs to go back to her life and make good.

Dellarobia's life certainly is unfortunate, and it's such a shame that her promise was wasted on this small town, where kids only take two years of rudimentary math in school. Even the bright ones aren't given enough education to be able to get out of town. I feel for her, but I didn't connect with her or any of the other characters. In all of Kingsolver's previous works, I was held rapt in unfamiliar worlds by the power of the characters and the writing, but these characters simply failed to grab onto my heart and take hold.

Another problem too is that, while the writing is beautiful as always (and shows that you can not write in dialect but still achieve a southern feel), the story feels a bit like a combination of two of the Kingsolver books I'd previously read: The Bean Trees and Prodigal Summer. Revisiting old themes, while not what I know Kingsolver for, can be done well, but, in this case, it felt repetitive and less well done.

Flight Behavior feels like it was written not so much for the characters as to be the vehicle for a message: global warming is real and it's not just about changing temperatures. Now, of course, it's alright for books to have a moral, a message, but I don't like to feel like I'm being beat over the head with it or being talked down to.

The butterflies Dellarobia witnessed normally wintered in Mexico, but moved to her small town because of environmental changes and now the whole population of Monarch butterflies could be in danger of extinction. A lepidopterist comes to study them, and works with and teaches Dellarobia, highlighting her boredom with her husband and her desire for something bigger. Because of her rudimentary education, the reader receives both the scientific explanations for everything and the 'country' version, a cute little metaphor for everything that's happening. This felt a bit insulting to me, as though this setting was chosen to allow for global warming to be explained in a simplified way that the stupid disbelievers could fathom. Prodigal Summer also dealt with the importance of taking care of the environment, but did not make me feel so lectured.

Perhaps I'm being a bit harsh, but I'm disappointed to have not enjoyed a book by one of my favorite authors. Her writing is still gorgeous, but the book is massive, slow, and filled with a lot of minutiae about Dellarobia's life I could have done without. Surely others will appreciate this one (most of the reviews on Goodreads are highly flattering and NPR approves), but it fell flat with me.
60 internautes sur 63 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
3.0 étoiles sur 5 Nagging lack of craft 27 décembre 2012
Par Bilqis Hijjas - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format:Relié
I read 'Flight Behaviour' mostly in one long sitting, but I found it rather unconvincing, lacking in craft and attention to detail. It has the quality of a first draft, as if it was rushed to the printers without a good close edit.

Little repetitions and inconsistencies, although they don't affect the narrative significantly, leave nagging doubts. Perhaps Kingsolver meant to tie these plot leads in later on, but never did. How many times must we hear about bump-on-a-log husband Cub's irritating habit of channel surfing? What on earth is the point of that extensive passage about moving a chiffarobe, except to use that most excellent noun, 'chiffarobe'? How is it that Dellarobia and Dovey, her bosom buddy from high school on, know so little of each other? And why do the visiting scientists never discuss with Dellarobia why her family is apparently all too willing to clear-cut the mountains?

In one passage, the visiting scientist Ovid Byron is depicted as stunned when Dellarobia describes how her high school biology teacher, who was also the basketball coach, would take the boys off to the gym to shoot hoops during biology time. Nobody who works in education in America, no matter how high faluting, is really shocked anymore by how terribly the education system can fail, especially if they themselves pulled themselves up from a one-room schoolhouse in some tiny US protectorate island in the Caribbean.

What IS surprising is how aspirationally sophisticated Dellarobia herself is, purely by dint of having had an excellent Honors English teacher, and apparently the example of artisan craftspeople parents, although they died young. I am always irritated by the slim pretexts that novelists use to explain why their protagonists are so much more sensitive and careful with language than the plebeian hordes around them; what a disproportionately large percentage of protagonists are creative writing professors!

Some things are done well (although perhaps we are hit over the head with them a little too frequently), especially the loneliness and tedium of being a mother of two small children, and the class divides that exist in the environmentalist movement. Undertaking to sign a pledge to decrease unsustainable behaviour, Dellarobia is understandably baffled by the last admonishment -- "Fly less" -- for how can you fly less when you fly never? The rural characters are also handled without condescension, although Dellarobia's observation, (which is presented as another epiphany to the good Dr Byron) that global warming denial is part and parcel of the creation of self-identity for a good proportion of mostly rural and poverty-stricken Americans, is, again, not rocket science.

The novel wrestles with twin problems that have no easy answers: how to survive global warming, and how to escape a po-dunk country town when you have only a po-dunk country town kind of education and you're saddled with two kids. Having been mired in these problems throughout its length, at the end the novel seems to write them off rather arbitrarily.

The monarch butterflies survive, but exactly how is anyone's guess -- after the painstaking description of monarch butterfly biology that preoccupies the rest of the novel, their survival at the end seems somewhat peremptory. And a deus ex machina is flown in to rescue Dellarobia from her miserable existence: somehow, despite having cried wolf for the last decade, Dovey has engineered her own apartment which she will share with her best friend, and Dellarobia's experience of assisting Ovid Byron has paved the way for her to march off to community college, leaving her husband behind.

Thanks to these weird ommissions and inconsistencies, Dellarobia comes off (unintentionally, I think) as a selfish and self-centred character. She meets a Mexican immigrant couple, parents of a kindergarten friend of her son, and discovers that their entire town in Mexico which used to service the monarch butterfly tourism industry has been destroyed by a landslide. Although she hears that the Mexican husband used to work as a tourist guide and an assistant to the butterfly scientists, and is now in the Appalachians scratching for manual labour, at no point does she suggest that Dr Byron might employ the fellow and make use of his knowledge and expertise. And at the end of the novel, while Dellarobia watches the global-warming induced flood destroy her home, her position is compared with that of the surviving butterflies who are fluttering off in their brilliant way for new pastures. No tender thoughts are spared for poor ex-husband Cub who has just lost his marriage, through no fault of his own, and has now lost his house, the only thing which he truly owns.

I have liked Kingsolver's previous novels, although 'The Poisonwood Bible' is by far the best of them, but I found 'Flight Behaviour' much less satisfactory. Despite the promise of the central conceit, the prose is rather pedestrian; the magical effect of the valley full of butterflies which Dellarobia discovers is never satisfactorily achieved. And the lack of craft continually undermines the novel's conviction.
75 internautes sur 82 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 Kingsolver's best yet 1 novembre 2012
Par Cloggie Downunder - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format:Format Kindle
Flight Behaviour is the 5th stand-alone novel by Barbara Kingsolver. In the Appalachian Mountains above her home, eastern Tennessee farm wife and mother of two, Dellarobia Turnbow is about to take a step that will change her unsatisfactory life forever when she is arrested by a vision of something she has never before encountered. What seems like a miracle is, however, threatened by her father-in-law's decision to allow the mountain to be clear-felled by a logging company. Those who start reading and think this is the formulaic righteous woman plus scientist battling against hick farmers and loggers to save endangered species will need to think again! Of all the things I predicted about this novel at the beginning, the only one I got right was that it is very, very good. I was assured of that in just the first few pages by prose like "How they admired their own steadfast lives. Right up to the day when hope in all its versions went out of stock, including the crummy discount brands, and the heart had just one instruction left: run." and "Whoever was in charge of the weather had put a recall on blue and nailed up this mess of dirty-white sky like a lousy sheet-rock job." I also loved "His moustache made two curved lines around the sides of his mouth like parentheses, as if everything he might say would be very quiet, and incidental." This novel has a plot that didn't go where I expected; the characters, too, surprised me when I thought I had their measure. Kingsolver skilfully conveys the desperation of poverty in everyday life and its effect on education, life choices and what people come to believe. She also highlights the importance of the manner in which scientists convey their message to the general public. This novel had me laughing out loud (especially at Dovey's church marquee sayings), choking up, giving a cheer (for Facebook of all things!), moved to caring about the fate of certain insects and thinking about many things: climate change, poverty, the decline of craftsmanship in the face of mass production, the cost of research, the disposable society and the increasing waste of goods. Kingsolver manages to make a huge amount of information about lepidoptery, sheep farming and lambing, global warming and the environment, easy to assimilate by incorporating it into this wonderfully uplifting tale. Her passion for the environment and our role in climate change is apparent in every paragraph. A brilliant, thought-provoking read, probably her best yet!
Ces commentaires ont-ils été utiles ?   Dites-le-nous
Rechercher des commentaires
Rechercher uniquement parmi les commentaires portant sur ce produit

Discussions entre clients

Le forum concernant ce produit
Discussion Réponses Message le plus récent
Pas de discussions pour l'instant

Posez des questions, partagez votre opinion, gagnez en compréhension
Démarrer une nouvelle discussion
Thème:
Première publication:
Aller s'identifier
 

Rechercher parmi les discussions des clients
Rechercher dans toutes les discussions Amazon
   


Rechercher des articles similaires par rubrique