Fruits of Warm Climates (Anglais) Broché – 13 juin 2013
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By Julia F. Morton
Published by Wipf and Stock Publishers, Eugene, Oregon, USA.
Reproduced by permission of ECHO.
ISBN: 0-9653360-7-7; paperback; 505 pages, $69.95
This book could be one of the most comprehensive books in the subject of fruits that grow in warm climates. For those involved in agriculture in the tropics, this book is especially helpful because it describes where each fruit comes from, what other common names it might have, what it is related to, how it is used, and sometimes the author discusses how it is grown. Dr. Morton includes information on the history of each crop, its main cultivation requirements, food uses and nutritional value. The sections on ‘culture’ are often further subdivided into ‘planting’, ‘fertilizing’, ‘irrigation’, ‘weed control’ and (in the case of pineapple) ‘flower induction’.
The assembling of the data in this book has been facilitated by the author’s over 45 years of familiarity and experimentation with most of the fruits discussed.
The table of contents lists 128 different fruits which are discussed in the book. Sixty eight of these have a color photo (in the original version of this book).
Some of the fruits have several varities. For example there 26 distinct types of dates.
I was surprised to learn that bananas never need to be replanted (p.29). The banana suckers spring up around the main plant forming a clump or ‘stool’, the eldest sucker replacing the main plant when it fruits and dies, and this process continues indefinitely. Also overly ripe bananas which are rejected by humans can be fed to swine.
Another interesting fruit is the soursop, which is one fruit lending itself well to preserving and processing (p 75). The juice of the soursop is said to be diuretic and a remedy for haematuria and urethritis. Taken when fasting, it is believed to relieve liver ailments and leprosy. Pulverized immature fruits, which are astringent, are decocted as a dysentery remedy (p.80).
The author provides some tips on protecting fruits from pests. For example, jackfruits (p.58-62) may be covered with paper sacks when very young to protect them from pests and diseases. One other research notes that the bags encourage ants to swarm over the fruit and guard it from its enemies.
The author also notes that some fruits, such as the bilimbi (p.129) have no reported pests or diseases.
The author notes that the roots of the papaya (p.346) are claimed to expel roundworms. Also crushed leaves of the papaya wrapped around tough meat will tenderize it overnight. The leaf can also function as a vermifuge and as a primitive soap substitute in laudering. Also studies at the University of Nigeria have revealed that extracts of ripe and unripe papaya leaves and of the seeds are active against gram-negative bacteria.In a London hospital in 1977, a post-operative infection in a kidney-transplant patient was cured by strips of papaya which were laid on the wound and left for 48 hours, after all modern medications had failed.
The author also notes that with some fruits, the seeds can be eaten. Other fruits produce sirup. Other fruit trees can be a great source of timber. Other fruit trees produce leaves which are edible to livestock.
Some fruits have poisonous seeds or poisonous bark. Or the fruits themselves can be toxic if eaten in large quantities. The author notes all of this in her descriptions in the ‘toxicity’ sections of each fruit description.
Rechercher des articles similaires par rubrique
- Livres anglais et étrangers > Home & Garden > Gardening & Horticulture > Fruit
- Livres anglais et étrangers > Science > Agricultural Sciences > Horticulture
- Livres anglais et étrangers > Science > Agricultural Sciences > Tropical Agriculture
- Livres anglais et étrangers > Science > Biological Sciences > Botany