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Fundamentals of Solid-State Phase Transitions, Ferromagnetism and Ferroelectricity (Anglais) Broché – 1 août 2001


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3 internautes sur 6 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
Excellent book 23 septembre 2001
Par Vitaly J. Vodyanoy - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Relié
Dr. Mnyukh, known by his discoveries in crystal phase transitions, put forward the unified account for three areas of solid-state physics. As a part, the "lambda-anomalies" that besieged science for 70 years were explained. The book represents a significant achievement.
There are many separate books on phase transitions, ferromagnetism and ferroelectricity. Neither adequately accounted for their phenomena. Inconsistencies were profound: "critical points" were "rounded" and subjected to hysteresis; "lambda-anomalies" were observed upon first-order transitions; exchange integral had wrong sign; domain structure of antiferromagnetics and ferroelectrics had no reason to exist; "critical phenomena" concept was applied to rearrangements at interfaces ...
In contrast, Mnyukh's monograph provides unexpectedly simple, consistent and unified account for all three scientific areas, clarifying everything. How this became possible? The key is his experimental discoveries, which allowed deduce the universal molecular mechanism of phase transitions in solids.
Chapter 1 "Critical Survey" reveals failures of different theories and lays out fundamental principles. There are only two ways a phase transition can occur -by infinitesimal qualitative changes (second-order) or infinitesimal quantitative changes (first-order). The only way the latter can occur is nucleation and growth. This prohibits approximation of first-order transitions by second-order ones. The second principle, well substantiated, further simplifies the picture: only nucleation and growth materializes.
Chapter 2 "The Molecular Mechanism of Solid-State Phase Transitions" describes the author's experimental findings. The most impressive is observation of beautifully shaped single crystals growing in different orientations during phase transitions. It is a crystal growth, and not a "critical phenomenon", "displacement", "shift", "deformation" or "distortion". Investigation in depth led to other discoveries and allowed deduce the contact model of phase transitions. All aspects of this crystal growth were studied. Clarification of the notion "temperature of phase transition" and the conclusion that nucleation is impossible without microcavities of a specific size led to explanation of heterophase state, range of transition, hysteresis and "lambda-anomalies".
Two more consequential results: 1.Transitions CRYSTAL-ODC (orientation-disordered crystal) occur also by crystal growth. 2. Frequently observed lattice orientation relationship originates from epitaxial nucleation and growth which was erroneously classified as second-order transition. The whole classification of solid-state phase transitions is thus reduced to only non-oriented and epitaxial crystal growth.
Chapter 3 "Lambda-Anomalies and Other Apparent Anomalies" reveals the true nature of the phenomenon that mystified scientists for so long: the peaks of some properties vs. temperature observed during phase transitions. Anderson wrote [Science, # 4574]: "Landau...nominated [the anomalies] as the most important as yet unsolved problem in theoretical physics". Feynman regarded them "one of the challenges of theoretical physics today". But an experimentalist now explains them.
Chapter 4 "Fundamentals of Ferromagnetism and Ferroelectricity" is based on the findings of previous chapters. The phenomena and their manifestations are explained in straightforward way without Weiss/Heisenberg molecular/exchange field. The account for ferroelectricity is actually the same.
The solutions presented in this book are well substantiated, logically monolithic, answering all questions left by conventional theories; they are destined to prevail.
0 internautes sur 7 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
Excellent book 23 septembre 2001
Par Vitaly J. Vodyanoy - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Relié
Dr. Mnyukh, known by his discoveries in crystal phase transitions, put forward the unified account for three areas of solid-state physics. As a part, the "lambda-anomalies" that besieged science for 70 years were explained. The book represents a significant achievement.
There are many separate books on phase transitions, ferromagnetism and ferroelectricity. Neither adequately accounted for their phenomena. Inconsistencies were profound: "critical points" were "rounded" and subjected to hysteresis; "lambda-anomalies" were observed upon first-order transitions; exchange integral had wrong sign; domain structure of antiferromagnetics and ferroelectrics had no reason to exist; "critical phenomena" concept was applied to rearrangements at interfaces ...
In contrast, Mnyukh's monograph provides unexpectedly simple, consistent and unified account for all three scientific areas, clarifying everything. How this became possible? The key is his experimental discoveries, which allowed deduce the universal molecular mechanism of phase transitions in solids.
Chapter 1 "Critical Survey" reveals failures of different theories and lays out fundamental principles. There are only two ways a phase transition can occur -by infinitesimal qualitative changes (second-order) or infinitesimal quantitative changes (first-order). The only way the latter can occur is nucleation and growth. This prohibits approximation of first-order transitions by second-order ones. The second principle, well substantiated, further simplifies the picture: only nucleation and growth materializes.
Chapter 2 "The Molecular Mechanism of Solid-State Phase Transitions" describes the author's experimental findings. The most impressive is observation of beautifully shaped single crystals growing in different orientations during phase transitions. It is a crystal growth, and not a "critical phenomenon", "displacement", "shift", "deformation" or "distortion". Investigation in depth led to other discoveries and allowed deduce the contact model of phase transitions. All aspects of this crystal growth were studied. Clarification of the notion "temperature of phase transition" and the conclusion that nucleation is impossible without microcavities of a specific size led to explanation of heterophase state, range of transition, hysteresis and "lambda-anomalies".
Two more consequential results: 1.Transitions CRYSTAL-ODC (orientation-disordered crystal) occur also by crystal growth. 2. Frequently observed lattice orientation relationship originates from epitaxial nucleation and growth which was erroneously classified as second-order transition. The whole classification of solid-state phase transitions is thus reduced to only non-oriented and epitaxial crystal growth.
Chapter 3 "Lambda-Anomalies and Other Apparent Anomalies" reveals the true nature of the phenomenon that mystified scientists for so long: the peaks of some properties vs. temperature observed during phase transitions. Anderson wrote [Science, # 4574]: "Landau...nominated [the anomalies] as the most important as yet unsolved problem in theoretical physics". Feynman regarded them "one of the challenges of theoretical physics today". But an experimentalist now explains them.
Chapter 4 "Fundamentals of Ferromagnetism and Ferroelectricity" is based on the findings of previous chapters. The phenomena and their manifestations are explained in straightforward way without Weiss/Heisenberg molecular/exchange field. The account for ferroelectricity is actually the same.
The solutions presented in this book are well substantiated, logically monolithic, answering all questions left by conventional theories; they are destined to prevail.
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