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Language An Introduction to the Study of Speech (English Edition) [Format Kindle]

Edward Sapir
4.0 étoiles sur 5  Voir tous les commentaires (1 commentaire client)

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This book was converted from its physical edition to the digital format by a community of volunteers. You may find it for free on the web. Purchase of the Kindle edition includes wireless delivery.

Book Description

1921. This little book aims to give a certain perspective on the subject of language rather than to assemble facts about it. It has little to say of the ultimate psychological basis of speech and gives only enough of the actual descriptive or historical facts of particular languages to illustrate principles. Its main purpose is to show what I conceive language to be, what is its variability in place and time, and what are its relations to other fundamental human interests-the problem of thought, the nature of the historical process, race, culture, art. Contents: Language Define; The Elements of Speech; The Sounds of Language; Form in Language; Grammatical Processes; Form in Language; Grammatical Concepts; Types of Linguistic Structure; Language as a Historical Product: Drift; Language as a Historical Product: Phonetic Law; How Languages Influence Each Other; Language, Race and Culture; and Language and Literature.

Détails sur le produit

  • Format : Format Kindle
  • Taille du fichier : 405 KB
  • Nombre de pages de l'édition imprimée : 149 pages
  • Pagination - ISBN de l'édition imprimée de référence : 1406820571
  • Utilisation simultanée de l'appareil : Illimité
  • Vendu par : Amazon Media EU S.à r.l.
  • Langue : Anglais
  • ASIN: B004UJST78
  • Synthèse vocale : Activée
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  • Word Wise: Non activé
  • Composition améliorée: Non activé
  • Moyenne des commentaires client : 4.0 étoiles sur 5  Voir tous les commentaires (1 commentaire client)
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Commentaires client les plus utiles
4.0 étoiles sur 5 a classic 18 juillet 2012
Par Sal
Format:Format Kindle|Achat vérifié
Sapir's 1921 book is a classic work as an introduction to linguistics. Some of it is hopelessly (unsurprisingly) out of date, e.g. French has no borrowed English words (sorry, Monsieur Toubon) but as an analysis of how languages have migrated and amalgamated and affected each other it is still current. No mention of Eskimos and snow, so this must pre-date Whorf.
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Amazon.com: 4.1 étoiles sur 5  17 commentaires
37 internautes sur 38 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 One of the best general introductions to linguistics. 15 mai 1997
Par Un client - Publié sur Amazon.com
Sapir's 1921 "Language" is one of the finest of many fine works by the distinguished linguist, anthropologist and humanist. With piercing yet accessible insight, he guides the reader through fundamental questions about language: How are culture and language related? How does language work? How do languages vary?
Although there are many general introductions to the subject (Bloomfield's and Jesperson's volume come to mind), Sapir's is unmatched for sheer readability in interest. Highly recommended.
13 internautes sur 13 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 Terrific intro book 15 mai 2013
Par Magellan - Publié sur Amazon.com
Although written before the modern age of transformational grammar this is still a terrific book for the beginner in linguistics. Having been published in the 1920s the approach is of course more grounded in classical structural linguistics, but that's fine because the beginner needs to learn that first before getting into the technicalities of Chomsky's transformational theory or later developments such as cognitive linguistics, specialized offshoots such as head driven phrase structure grammars, harmonic phrase structure grammars, or modern re-inventions of structuralism such as biogenetic structuralism, etc. The book takes a grammar based approach to language typology and the classification of languages, with examples ranging from Chinese to Eskimo to Amerindian languages like Nootka.

Besides covering grammar there are excellent chapters or sections on phonetics, phonetic drift, and word morphology. Because Sapir started off his career in comparative Germanic languages and then subsequently expanded his language studies to many other non-Germanic languages, he developed a great sense of word phonetics and word morphology which he put to good use in this book and also was useful later in his career as more of a theoretician. As a result of this broad learning and especially his expertise in Amerindian languages, he came to realize that many of the traditional ideas he'd had about language which were mainly based on Indo-European language patterns were wrong. I also found the chapter on language families and classification particularly fascinating although be aware that as the book is now 90 years old some of the details about the taxonomy have changed. In particular the Ural-Altaic family (which is the one that most interests me) has seen many new proposals in the last few decades.

As someone here already noted Sapir is especially good with the Amerindian language groups and languages, which have their own interesting characteristics (Sapir once said that the Dene language "...is the most fascinating of all languages ever invented"), and Sapir was especially knowledgeable about the Athabaskan subgroup of Amerindian languages. In college Sapir took academic courses on Gothic, Old High German, Old Saxon, Icelandic, Dutch, Swedish, Danish, and Celtic, and in his field career studied many Amerindian languages including Navajo, Nootka, Takelma, Wishram Chinook, Yana, Ute, Paiute and Southern Paiute, Chasta Costa and Yana.

The book reflects Sapir's interest in the comparative approach to language, and in how language influences culture and human psychology. Sapir was one of the pioneers in ethnolinguistics and he is still famous today for the Whorf-Sapir linguistic relativity theory which he developed with his student Benjamin Lee Whorf. This is one of the true classics in linguistics and still serves a useful purpose today as a basic intro. I think every speaker of English and certainly every high school and college English teacher should at least read Sapir's book, since if all you know is English or even several Germanic or Romance languages, you still don't know language very well since all Indo-European languages have many features in common and don't represent the full range of phonetics, morphology, grammar, and syntax that can be used to construct a language.

After reading this book my favorite recommendation for a good intro theory book that isn't that long, overly technical, and approachable for the layman is John Lyons' wonderful book, Introduction to Theoretical Linguistics. Unfortunately it's out of print but you can find used copies from Amazon's associates. It's well worth acquiring if you can find a used copy in good condition. But after reading Lyons's book you should be in excellent shape and able to go on to even more technical theory books if you want.
10 internautes sur 10 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 Challenging and Thought Provoking 24 juillet 2008
Par Christopher R. Travers - Publié sur Amazon.com
When I started reading this work I found that it was very difficult to get through much at once. The book is very dense and packed with insightful examples.

However, Sapir illustrates points quite well. In it he discusses phonetic theories, concepts of drift, syntax and word structure, how language and culture are related, and the like. There are few more comprehensive introductions to the field today, and fewer introductions still which go into the level of depth that he does. Highly recommended.
4.0 étoiles sur 5 Kind of difficult but not impossible to read for a beginner 23 mars 2013
Par Penn Tomassetti - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format:Format Kindle|Achat vérifié
I found Edward Sapir's introduction to the study of speech fascinating. It discusses a variety of issues involved in the study of spoken language, including differences in grammatical structure, history, and phonetic drift (the way sounds change) as well as many other topics. It reads sort of like a collection of class lectures, but that is okay for those interested in the study of speech. The author understood the origin of language as an evolutionist and that colored his perspective on its nature and the nature of humankind. However he seemed to recognize that modern human sciences really do not understand how language could have actually developed from natural processes. The author shows an apt understanding of almost all the world's major language groups, especially native American languages, some of which he documented first-hand before the time of their extinction or near extinction.
1 internautes sur 1 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 good book 31 décembre 2014
Par mmm - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format:Format Kindle|Achat vérifié
gogd book, I'm Chinese,and read this to improve English,to realise more about English
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