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Before inspired stuff like Swamp Thing, Watchmen, The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen, and Tom Strong solidified Alan Moore as arguably the best comic book writer of his generation, two important early works of his - Miracleman (formerly Marvelman) and V For Vendetta - did the dirty work in establishing his rep. Back in the '80s, I had never come across anything like Miracleman, so unlike was it from the other comics I'd been collecting up to that point. Alan Moore hurled with force these stories that were dark and subversive and topsy-turvied the superhero mythos. I wasn't around in the early '60s and so had missed out on Stan Lee and Jack Kirby creating their brand. So, for me, Miracleman was THE gamechanger, the big awesome mind f***.
Here's a bit of convolution: Eons ago DC sued Fawcett Comics, believing that Fawcett's flagship superhero, Captain Marvel, was a knockoff of Superman. Fawcett ended up discontinuing the Captain Marvel title. Thing was, this also killed the Captain Marvel reprints in the UK. In 1954 Mick Anglo created a British counterpart to Captain Marvel, named Marvelman, to fill in the gap. The Marvelman comic book had a lengthy nine-year run, ending in 1963, at which point the world forgot him. Until Alan Moore came along with a forceful reminder.
Mick Anglo didn't even try to be covert about his mimicking of Captain Marvel. Like the Big Red Cheese, young journalist Micky Moran invokes a magic word to transform himself into a near invincible superhero. Marvelman would also have sidekicks, Dicky Dauntless (a.k.a. Young Marvelman) and Johnny Bates (a.k.a. Kid Marvelman). His nemesis, Dr. Gargunza, would be very reminiscent of Dr. Sivana. The Marvelman family's exploits would be fairly innocuous and standard to superhero storytelling circa the 1950's.
In 1982, in a UK anthology comic book titled Warrior, Alan Moore presented a worn down, middle-aged Mike Moran, freelance journalist and chronic victim of bizarre dreams and excruciating migraines. Moran had been for years grasping at things beyond his ken, seeking a forgotten word, dreaming of flight. The revelation comes when Moran is endangered during the terrorist take-over of a nuclear facility. It's when he reacquires that one word which is the key harmonic to the universe. And he returns to godhood. It's a basic superhero set-up. But it's only the start. Alan Moore is about to shake up the establishment in earthquake proportions.
So, yeah, son, even before Watchmen, Moore had already redefined the superhero genre, had already had his way with the grim post-modern deconstruction schtick. It's a given that Marvel Comics' mutantdom is universally feared by ordinary humans. And Spidey has a running love/hate relationship with the public. Moore, however, made the public's dread of superheroes a palpable, logical thing. Say you see someone with Marvelman's ridiculous power sets. Say you see him and an equally-endowed adversary facing off, and even playing catch with a baby, and exhibiting all-around recklessness and seeming disdain for bystanders and surroundings. You just may drop a load in your shorts. Alan Moore gives us the real ramifications of super beings walking in our midst. It's scary stuff.
I remember my excitement at Moore's inaugural story arc. It had elements of sublime horror that foreshadowed Moore's stint at Swamp Thing. The story unfolds with an escalating sense of dread and oppressiveness. It's adult storytelling that firmly shies away from kiddish tropes. In light of this, it's hard not to snicker at that astrophysicist with the inside track on the key harmonic to the universe (so crucial to Marvelman's 1950's origin). The big bad of Moore's first arc is straight up terrifying and what he's been up to up until 1982 blew my mind when I first read it. Moore also introduces a disturbing triangle amongst Moran, his wife Liz, and Miracleman. The wedge-driving question surfaces as to whether Moran and his alter ego are the same person after all.
To up the cool factor, we learn of the Spookshow, a branch of British Air Force Intelligence that is perhaps intimately tied in to the Miracleman family. As a nod to the cheesy comic book tropes he'd been subverting, Moore introduces Big Ben, the bowler-hatted Man with No Time for Crime. Big Ben, on the surface, seems a fun if flaky character. But the plot digs deeper in and informs you of how cloaked in tragedy he really is.
The artists are Garry Leach and Alan Davis, and their contributions cannot be spurned. As instrumental as Moore in conveying that sense of realism, Leach and Davis draw characters that look like real people. Miracleman isn't musclebound, isn't ever caught in over-the-top poses. The naturalness of his gestures and movements captures how effortless it is for him to do these amazing things and gives you an inkling, without beating you over the head, of how powerful he truly is. The spectacular action beats are staged seamlessly in convincing low-keyed backdrops, and this allows you to buy into the improbable. It's awesome doodling, yo. I do prefer Leach's work by a smidge. His stuff is more gritty, plants you more solidly in reality. Davis' is more stylish. Word is that Davis took over from Leach because Leach was such a perfectionist he was jeopardizing the comic's scheduling release.
How's this for irony? Marvelman became Miracleman, thanks to Marvel Comics getting antsy and crying name infringement. But at the 2009 San Diego ComicCon, Marvel announced that it had purchased the rights to Marvelman. I'd been in an extended sulk over all the infighting within the industry that cast Miracleman in decades of legal limbo, but that's done now. Even though I own Eclipse's 1990 trade (also titled Miracleman Book One: A Dream of Flying), I'm happy to own this Marvel trade, as well. Mainly, because it's a promise to you and me that this series will continue on and that Neil Gaiman, now unmuzzled, can finally finish off that story he'd been rarin' to tell. This volume from Marvel Comics reprints Miracleman issues #1-4, (which in turn reprinted stories from Warrior #1-11). New contents include 3 or 4 back-up stories. "The Yesterday Gambit" (originally published in Warrior #4) features a temporal leap forward with Miracleman and a Warpsmith. "Cold War, Cold Warrior" (Warrior #9-10) and "Ghost Dance" (A1 #1) feature the Warpsmiths - an aloof, cosmic, peacekeeping, teleporting alien species - who would figure much later in Miracleman's Olympus arc. I can't remember if "Saturday Morning Pictures" - originally used in Quality's Marvelman Special #1 - was included in Eclipse's 1990 trade. It's in this one, though, and acts as a coda to Moore's "A Dream of Flying" arc. In this story, cleaning personnel tidy up the ruins of the Project Zarathustra bunker and end up viewing video tapes about the Miracleman family. It's essentially a framing device that Quality's Marvelman Special #1 used to reprint material from Mick Anglo's original run.
Further bonus contents (heck, half this book is bonus stuff):
- a crapload of Garry Leach's pencil preliminary roughs and sketches, concept designs, color originals, pinups, and one promotional flyer
- reprints various Warrior covers
- reproduces a vellum overlay that provided the printer with instruction on handling the logos and design for the cover of Warrior #2
- reproduces a selection of Leach and Davis's original full-paged artwork for various Warrior issues and Davis' page 1 of "Saturday Morning Pictures" from Marvelman Special #1 (in pencil, India ink and Letratone on illustration board)
- house ads for Marvelman Special #1 reprinted from Warrior #11 and #20
- 2-page layout of Leach's pencil underdrawing to the A1 #1 cover, followed by a 2-page layout of the final A1 #1 cover painting
- reprints covers by Leach, Davis, Mick Austin
- reprints variant cover art to Miracleman #1-4 (2014) by a host of other artists
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Miracleman rises again like a phoenix from the ashes. For the first time in nearly 25 years, Miracleman is being reprinted in this beautiful hardcover edition from Marvel Comics. For those of you inquisitive souls curious enough to peer into the depths of this milestone in comic books, allow me to indulge in a bit of history.
(If you wish to skip my history lesson, just jump down a bit.)
In 1938, National Publications unveiled the world's first superhero, the world renowned Superman. As the character and the idea of men with powers greater than those of mere mortals grew more popular in the human conscious, other companies took stabs at the idea, such as Timely Publications' Human Torch and Captain America. In 1939, Fawcett Comics released Captain Marvel, the world's mightiest mortal who transformed from boy Billy Batson to powerhouse hero by crying out, "SHAZAM!". The appearance and powers of Captain Marvel were so appalling similar to that of Superman that a years long lawsuit between the companies that owned each character resulted with the Captain, who at this time was much more popular than his predecessor, to cease being published.
In the United Kingdom, Captain Marvel was as equally popular as he was in the United States and with DC Comics (previously National Publications) putting a halt on all things Captain Marvel, Marvel's British publisher L. Miller & Son found themselves abruptly without their best seller. In the 1950s, they hired artist/writer Mick Anglo to pick up the comic and create a character enough unlike Superman that he wouldn't break the copyright, but enough like Captain Marvel that he would retain the character's popularity. Thus, Marvelman was born! A character created out of the atomic age, Micky Moran would shout, "KIMOTA!" and be transformed into his godlike alterego. Like Captain Marvel before him, Marvelman also had his share of supporting characters that drew their power from him, Young Marvelman and Kid Marvelman and the villainous Young Nastyman.
Jump ahead to the early 1980s, a young and talented writer, Alan Moore began a deconstructionist tale in the pages of weekly publication "Warrior" about whatever became of Marvelman. When republished in the United States, Marvel Comics (previously Timely Publications) forced the character to be renamed to Miracleman. A long, draw-out litigation over the ownership of the character would come about several years later and eventually Marvel Comics would obtain the character rights which brings us to today.
==END BACK STORY==
Welcome to the first reprint of Alan Moore's tale of Miracleman (here credited as "The Original Writer"). The story sees a now middle-aged Micky Moran rediscovering his secret life as Miracleman and how the world reacts to suddenly discovering that there are super-beings in the world. The story, I feel, still holds up, over 30 years after it was first published, and while it is clear that this is Moore's early writing, much like his work on Captain Britain from approximately the same time, one can truly see the genesis of his later works on such gems as Swamp Thing, deconstructing the earlier held continuity and origins of the character and weaving into it a much darker tapestry of reality. This first volume, "A Dream of Flying", questions what happens to a man when he discovers his entire life is a lie and he has the powers of a god?
There are also a few back-up tales included at the end of the volume featuring characters called the Warpsmiths who will become important later (in Book 3: Olympus). The first story, "The Yesterday Gambit", is a brief glimpse into Miracleman's future, while the other two stories, "Cold War, Cold Warrior" and "Ghostdance" are scifi pieces that take a glimpse into the world of the Warpsmiths and their mighty empire. Also included are some bonus features including looks at the original artwork and models, older artwork such as the original graphic novel's cover, etc. if you enjoy that sort of stuff.
The major change between this reprinted volume and the original is the coloring. Marvel made it no secret that they wished to completely overhaul the original 1980s colors with the newer coloring techniques that are used today. Firstly, when Marvelman was first printed in "Warrior", like many UK comics, it was in black & white. Only when Eclipse Comics reprinted the series in standard American comic format did they colorize it. Now, I've read the original colored issues from Eclipse and I have no problem with the original 80s style coloring. I also don't have a problem in recoloring older books to give the images a more high definition and crisp feel to them, so long as the coloring remains true the original. I've look over the old copies of Miracleman and this book and there is something a bit off, namely in the shading. At times, things just look a bit too dark here. I still think it looks wonderful, but I just can't put my finger on what's wrong. It may just be the 80s artwork not working well with the new coloring techniques. I have the same problem with Marvel's reprints of Walt Simonson's Thor.
Regardless, I highly recommend this book which will eventually lead to Neil Gaiman returning to the series and completing a story he was unfortunately prevented from writing 25 years ago. Enjoy and KIMOTA!