Présentation de l'éditeur
Nanotechnology is a generic platform with potential applications in many sectors. It promises to be a motor of economic growth with inclusive development through innovation related to materials, foods, medicines, and so on. This book identifies the nature and magnitude of the nanotechnology divide between high-income countries and the rest of the world. It also studies the determinants of the evolution and functioning of state policy and technology clusters in developed regions like the USA and the EU in order to identify the strategies that can or cannot be replicated elsewhere. Tracing the trajectories in nanotechnology being carved out by four emerging countries: China, India, Brazil and Mexico, it identifies common as well as country-specific factors that influence the rates of return to public and private investment related to nanotechnology in emerging countries. The book also makes policy recommendations to bridge the nanotechnology divide while promoting economic growth and inclusive development.
Biographie de l'auteur
Shyama V. Ramani is a Professorial Fellow in the United Nations University, UNU-MERIT in Maastricht, and Professor of Entrepreneurship and the Social Enterprise in Brunel Business School in London. Her work revolves around three core themes: the impact of the national system of innovation on the creation of industrial competence and inclusive development; the use of patent and publications statistics as indicators of competitive position and comparative advantage; and the creation of incentives for cooperation and coordination. Dr Ramani holds a PhD in economics from Cornell University, USA. After the tsunami of December 2004, she founded the non-profit organization 'Friend in Need', an action-research unit which aims to improve sanitation coverage and waste management in rural India. For this work, she was one of the laureates of the 'Women of the Earth' trophy in 2008 awarded by the Institut de France and the Yves Rocher Foundation.