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  • Broché: 168 pages
  • Editeur : OUP Oxford (21 janvier 2010)
  • Collection : Very Short Introductions
  • Langue : Anglais
  • ISBN-10: 019956051X
  • ISBN-13: 978-0199560516
  • Dimensions du produit: 1 x 11,4 x 17,5 cm
  • Moyenne des commentaires client : 4.0 étoiles sur 5  Voir tous les commentaires (2 commentaires client)
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1 internautes sur 1 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile  Par Dr. Bojan Tunguz on 16 août 2011
Format: Broché
The "Neoliberalism" is a term that denotes several political and economic policies that have strongly shaped the global economy over the past thirty years. It has its intellectual roots in the in classical liberalism and the opposition to Keynesian economics. However, as a governing policy it is most closely associated with Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher. These two figures had more or less managed to put into practice a political philosophy that had been almost completely relegated to the realm of obscure think-tank thinking. Their success in this regard has been so thorough that almost all economic and political institutions, from all sides of the political spectrum, have been operating within some form of neoliberal paradigm ever since. Neoliberalism is usually associated with the political right, but there are several more or less important aspects of it that distinguish it from other right-leaning philosophies, and this book does a very good job at explaining the differences between them. In particular, it contrasts neoliberalism with economic nationalism that time and time again resurfaces in it various manifestations in right-wing political movements throughout the World.

One of the book's strong points is that it provides a global context for neoliberalism. It shows how it has been implemented on all six continents, and it discusses particular local circumstances that give neoliberalism a distinct flavor in various countries. The book, however, is a bit too quick to point out all the limitations of the neoliberal policies, and I feel it sometimes uses unnecessarily harsh language to characterize certain political actions that are deemed contrary to neoliberal principles. The final chapter deals with the current global economic crisis.
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Par dumbo TOP 500 COMMENTATEURSVOIX VINE on 8 décembre 2013
Format: Broché Achat vérifié
L'ouvrage fait le job et permet de comprendre ce qu'est le néolibéralisme. La perspective choisie est historique et l'on retrouve les différentes étapes historiques du néolibéralisme: USA, UK, Amérique du Sud, Chine. Il manque certainement des développements théoriques, notamment économiques, pour mieux saisir la logique du néolibéralisme. Sous cet angle le dernier ouvrage de Medema sur la main "visible" est certainement mieux construit. Mais l'essentiel est là et c'est le but de ces ouvrages.
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26 internautes sur 26 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
A nearly perfect introduction to a highly controversial topic... 28 mars 2010
Par ewomack - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Broché Achat vérifié
Neoliberalism doesn't appear much in everyday conversation, but the concept and its policy implications have affected all of our everyday lives, sometimes ominously. Whether people realize it or not, this once mere intellectual doctrine has spread, since the 1980s, like thick paste over most of the globe. Despite its leftish sounding name, both the political Right and Left have embraced and utilized many of its tenets. Suspicious eyebrows may raise with the fact that both Reagan and Clinton were economic neoliberals. Though their respective implementations differed, both presidents romanced the free market, free trade, welfare reform, deregulation and privatization. Both believed these principles would bring peace and prosperity to a troubled globe. Once the dominant, almost unquestionable, economic theory, neoliberalism has only recently come under fire following the global economic meltdown of 2008 - 2009. But was it to blame for our current financial malaise? In "Neoliberalism: A Very Short Introduction," authors Steger and Roy highly suggest that the answer is a resounding yes. Nonetheless, they provide a very balanced and sober view of this highly glorified and fervently derided doctrine. No potboiling or sardonic platitudes here. This diminutive book, fresh off the press, may stand as the best introduction to neoliberalism available.

A hint as to the book's ultimate destination arrives with a dramatic photo of President Obama delivering his inagural address. Similar foreshadowing appears on page one with a quote from this speech: "...this crisis has reminded us that without a watchful eye, the market can spin out of control." Many heard the vibrations of neoliberalism's swan song in those words. Following this brief teaser the book quickly backs up some 300 years to some surprising historical revelations. 17th century Classic liberal economics challenged the heavily controlled markets of monarchical mercantilism. Adam Smith and David Ricardo posited self-regulating markets guided by an "invisible hand." So today's "free market" concept, a doctrine often inaccurately ascribed exclusively to neoconservatives, originated from liberal Enlightenment ideas. This endured until the financial train wreck known as the Great Crash of 1929 caused many to waggle scolding fingers at the unrestrained playground the market had evolved into. John Maynard Keynes and other theorists at the time ridiculed the notion of a self-regulating market and slowly New Deal politics seeped into the mainstream. FDR's fundamental policies remained hegemonic until the 1970s crises caused many to question the bureaucratic welfare state. These new questioners were influenced by the ideas of von Hayek ("the Road to Serfdom") and monetarist Milton Friedman. A three letter acronym provided their rallying call: "D-L-P" or Deregulation, Liberalization and Privatization. They called for a free unregulated market unencumbered by government intervention. Basically the antithesis of New Deal thought. As such, they put the "neo" in "neoliberalism" as they touted their stance as a return to "classic liberal" economic theory.

The 1980s brought what the authors call "the first wave" of neoliberalism via Reaganomics and Thatcherism. They each began dismantling their respective welfare states, deregulating markets and privatizing many government held organizations. Reagan also went after deficitspending, but had a hard time reconciling tax cuts and balanced budgets with Cold War defense expenditures. The "second wave" saw the Left appropriating neoliberal ideas via Clinton and Blair. Clinton's flavor attempted to reconcile social justice with free market policies, but he was also the President who both signed the Welfare Reform Act and repealed the 1933 Glass-Steagall Act. These acts fit squarely with his neoliberal beliefs.

The book then explores neoliberalism in other parts of the world, completely skipping the administration of George W. Bush. Neoliberalism faced challenges in Japan where Prime Minister Kozumi tried to privatize the Japanese Postal Savings system. China embraced the doctrine in a unique way following the 1976 death of Mao Zedong. Successor Deng Xiaoping slowly introduced free market principles while maintaining a rigid centrally controlled state apparatus. Hu Jintao, the current Chinese leader, has continued and advanced these policies. India also emerged from its socialist past to embrace neoliberal economics under current Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. All cases saw various shades of success economically but increased economic disparity (i.e., the poor became poorer as the rich became richer). The situation was different in South America where what the authors term "coercive" IMF and World Bank conditions obliged countries such as Argentina and Mexico to implement neoliberal policies. Once again the economies seemed to recover at the cost of the growing gap between haves and have nots. A final example of Ghana leads the authors to conclude that neoliberalism doesn't necessarily work in any situation or with any culture.

The final chapter covers territory familiar to everyone: the current global economic crisis. Many blame neoliberalism for the flaming domino crash and some neoliberals, such as Alan Greenspan, have admitted that neoliberlism no longer works. Voices from the Left and Right now call for more regulation, which was agreed upon at a 2009 meeting of the G-20. These reforms have yet to see much light, however, and some skeptics feel they may vaporize. In light of this, neoliberalism may survive, albeit in a diluted form. The authors conclude that the world may see a weaker third wave of neoliberalism or a Global New Deal. We shall see.

A better introduction to this highly influential and pervasive topic is hard to imagine. This highly readable book remains accessible to anyone curious about the forces that have shaped the past 30 years. Though it ultimately seems to discredit neoliberalism as a sustainable political stance, it nonetheless presents its pros while delineating its cons. A sober mood pervades it chapters, though the heat turns up slightly while discussing correlations between neoliberalism and African famines. Ultimately, those who support or chide neoliberalism will learn enough to keep their brains full for weeks.
18 internautes sur 18 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
Not to be confused with neoconservatism 1 mars 2010
Par Dr. Bojan Tunguz - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Broché Achat vérifié
The "Neoliberalism" is a term that denotes several political and economic policies that have strongly shaped the global economy over the past thirty years. It has its intellectual roots in the in classical liberalism and the opposition to Keynesian economics. However, as a governing policy it is most closely associated with Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher. These two figures had more or less managed to put into practice a political philosophy that had been almost completely relegated to the realm of obscure think-tank thinking. Their success in this regard has been so thorough that almost all economic and political institutions, from all sides of the political spectrum, have been operating within some form of neoliberal paradigm ever since. Neoliberalism is usually associated with the political right, but there are several more or less important aspects of it that distinguish it from other right-leaning philosophies, and this book does a very good job at explaining the differences between them. In particular, it contrasts neoliberalism with economic nationalism that time and time again resurfaces in it various manifestations in right-wing political movements throughout the World.

One of the book's strong points is that it provides a global context for neoliberalism. It shows how it has been implemented on all six continents, and it discusses particular local circumstances that give neoliberalism a distinct flavor in various countries. The book, however, is a bit too quick to point out all the limitations of the neoliberal policies, and I feel it sometimes uses unnecessarily harsh language to characterize certain political actions that are deemed contrary to neoliberal principles. The final chapter deals with the current global economic crisis. Here one almost gets a sense that the authors are engaging in a form of schadenfreude at the apparent failings of neoliberalism. Whether neoliberalism has really run its course or not, or whether it really is a sustainable political philosophy in a long run, the history will still have to decide.

Overall, this is a very interesting and informative book. It is great introduction to main salient points of what neoliberalism, and well worth the read.
14 internautes sur 16 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
Obscured Source of Anti-Government Ideology 16 décembre 2011
Par BookwormX - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Format Kindle Achat vérifié
Neoliberalism became the dominant economic orthodoxy (ideology) by the 1990s, and, by design, most Americans have never heard of it since journalists never use the term in the popular media, nor is "neoliberalism" commonly used in U.S. academia. This book is one of a very small number of trustworthy sources of information explicitly about neoliberalism; David Harvey's excellent "A Brief History of Neoliberalism" is recommended in this book, and the similarity of neoliberalism and fascist corporatism based on the collusion of government, business and trade unions is cited from Naomi Klein's book "The Shock Doctrine." Fundamentally, neoliberalism is a formal, structured opposition, implemented by global power elites, against Keynesian economic ideology which dominated economic thinking from the New Deal of the 1930s through the post-WWII economic period to the 1970s. Since Keynesian ideology is behind most of the government social programs which benefit the majority, such as Social Security and veterans' programs, neoliberals strive to inculcate free-market, anti-Keynesian values across the majority of the population, i.e. to create anti-government consensus, mainly by means of the media, including journalists, celebrities, corporate lobbyists, and public relations specialists, as well as politicians and bureaucrats. Since neoliberalism is an ideology, or mythos, understanding neoliberalism, which is synomous with "Washington Consensus", requires knowing what "ideology" means, so the book begins with a helpful definition of ideology. The book is not without imperfections, however, and there are minor discrepancies with a few of the authors' explanations, some of which might indicate the authors' own political prejudices, probably disappointment with Democrats' involvement in neoliberal policies or, perhaps, a desire to appeal to Republican conservative readers. For example, former President Clinton didn't overturn the Glass-Steagall Act; instead, that was done by means of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, which was created by a group of Republican Senators (not mentioned in the book) working for the bank lobby. It was a veto-proof bill, supported by the majority of Congress, that the president was required to sign. The leading cause of today's Lesser Depression is widely attributed to the repeal of the Glass-Steagall Act. Also, it should be emphasized that Neoliberal academics, i.e., many college professors and school teachers, are among the most influential promoters who inculcate neoliberal ideas, even though the term "neoliberalism" is almost never explained to students in the U.S., and the teachers and professors might not even know they are promoting the neoliberal agenda. Since University of Chicago economist Milton Friedman (deceased) is a central figure in neoliberalism, a pertinent example of how neoliberalism spread as an ideology was the PBS-TV series, "Free to Choose," hosted by fatherly, telegenic Professor Friedman, who taught the public TV audience to believe that government intervention in the economy causes inflation and is thus undesirable. It would have been a superb example to use in this book. But, most importantly, readers of this book will acquire the ability to identify neoliberal policies in the news, even as the media never use the term. As of today, December 15, 2011, the most recent imposition of distinctly neoliberal policies is in Europe, in Greece and Italy, especially, where brutal austerity policies are being forced on the people. In both cases, democratic governments have been summarily replaced with "technocrats," a friendly term used in place of the more incendiary term, "dictator," to impose, without the vote of the people, what Naomi Klein has called the "shock doctrine" on their populations.
Neo Liberal Economics 7 juillet 2013
Par Ericson E. Ugbo - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Format Kindle Achat vérifié
I have read part of the book but I like it for my collection. Will read it when I am less busy
5 internautes sur 10 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
For a MUCH better book on this subject ... 9 mai 2013
Par Earle Bowers - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Broché
I have yet to find in print or in person anyone using the term "neoliberalism" except to deprocate it, often with implausable conspiracy theories as is somewhat true with this book and even more so with some of the favorable reviews of it which have been given here so far; however, if the term is used to mean the 1980's policies of Regan and Thatcher and their sources, very much including the academic intellectual ones, then by far the best as well as the most nearly even-handed which I have so far found and which I do heartily recommend is "Masters of the Universe: Hayek, Friedman, and the Birth of Neoliberal Politics" by Daniel Stedman Jones.
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