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The Psychology Of Science And The Origins Of The Scientific Mind [Anglais] [Broché]

Gregory Feist

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Première phrase
Science and scientific thinking, as prototypes of human thought and understanding, have long fascinated scholars and thinkers in philosophy, history, and more recently, sociology. Lire la première page
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Couverture | Copyright | Table des matières | Extrait | Index
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Commentaires client les plus utiles sur (beta) 4.8 étoiles sur 5  4 commentaires
8 internautes sur 9 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 What Others Are Saying about The Psychology of Science 1 décembre 2006
Par Publisher - Publié sur
Winner, William James Book Award, American Psychological Association, 2007: "Feist argues convincingly for an integrated study of the psychology of science. The writing is entertaining and compelling. The book should be of interest to every psychologist and a very wide audience of educated laypersons" (Prize Committee)

"This book does two things: It provides a comprehensive review of the origins and development of scientific thinking, and it argues for a dedicated study of the psychology of science. . . . The book is entertaining and introduces a perspective on understanding science and the scientific mind that should benefit a wide audience."--Magda Osman, Journal of American Medical Association (JAMA)

"Have you ever wondered what goes on inside scientists' heads when they formulate a grand theory? Or when they decide what hypothesis to test? How does this differ from the mundane reasoning involved when you explain why your car won't start or choose a birthday present for a relative? More generally, do scientists use the same cognitive mechanisms available to us all (supplemented with formal, conceptual, and technological tools)? Or does scientific thinking require more specialized cognitive abilities, available to only a talented few? If you are interested in such questions, then Gregory Feist's The Psychology of Science and the Origins of the Scientific Mind is the book to read...The Psychology of Science and the Origins of the Scientific Mind succeeds on many levels. Feist pulls together a vast range of psychological research with clarity and insight, and he advances an intriguing framework for the cognitive origins of scientific thinking. The book makes a strong case for an integrated study of the psychology of science."--David Lagnada, Science

"A fascinating look at the subject of science and scientific knowledge, The Psychology of Science is a worthwhile book for both academic and non-academic audiences."--Shereen Hassanein, Metapsychology

"Gregory Feist's new book covers two broad topics. The first and longest part is an extended argument that a large body of recent work implicitly falls under the rubric "psychology of science." Feist reviews studies from neuroscience, developmental psychology, cognitive psychology, personality psychology and social psychology to support his assertion. The second part of the book presents a novel theory of the origins of science as the outgrowth of evolutionary processes...Even a casual browse will uncover many fascinating findings...A rich and diverse book."--Ryan Tweney, American Scientist
6 internautes sur 7 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 An important discipline- establishing work 16 octobre 2006
Par Shalom Freedman - Publié sur
This book makes an argument for the establishment of a new academic discipline, " The Psychology of Science". In its first part it discusses the qualities and character of those who do scientific work. In its second it gives a evolutionary psychological explanation of the development of science. This development is summarized by Russ D. Tweny in his outstanding review of this book in 'American Scientist'

The explanation " builds on recent work in evolutionary psychology, cognitive anthropology and evolutionary biology, applying concepts from all of these areas to sketch a theory of how the modern scientific mind could have evolved. Drawing from such writers as Mervin Donald and Steven Mithen, Feist proposes four stages, beginning with "preverbal science," originating perhaps two million years ago, in which predictive folk science operated. The evolution of language (which took place perhaps 50,000 years ago) triggered a second phase, "verbal science," in which storytelling, myth and cosmological explanations appeared, followed by the emergence of externalized representations (about 30,000 years ago--think cave paintings). These depictions signaled the beginning of a phase of applied science in which units of measurement, rudimentary mathematical operations, archaic forms of astronomy and the like were developed, culminating in the engineering achievements of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. The final stage, that of "pure science," then emerged with the ancient Greeks (around 2,600 years ago), opening the door to science as we think of it today."

Tweney wonders whether Feist's definition of Scientific work is not too broad but he highly endorses the book as a rich and comprehensive pioneering study.

As our world is more and more dominated in 'truth- seeking ' by scientific exploration it seems to me that the study in depth of the 'psychology of Science' is an almost inevitable development,one which

this present work advances.

This is a work which not simply scientific researchers, but general readers with interest in Science will probably wish to read.
3 internautes sur 3 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 An Important perspective for understanding Science... 21 septembre 2009
Par Tod S. Christianson - Publié sur
I came to this book as a scientist who is looking for clarification of his own understanding of science in general and for perspective on his particular branch of science, which in my case happens to be Forensic Science. In the first part of the book, the author spends a great deal of time laying out the framework and clarifying the need for a discipline dedicated to studying The Psychology of Science. This section is very thorough and well reasoned but it is more intended for an audience from the Psychology discipline.

Upon completion of the argument for the creation of a new branch of Psychological inquiry related to Science, the author then proceeds to analyze the foundations of science from a developmental and cognitive point of view. I found this perspective to be extremely interesting because it is not the typical way the foundations or Philosophy of Science are presented. For example, there is a detailed discussion on the origins of scientific thinking resulting from five key components: observation, categorization, pattern recognition, hypothesis testing and causal thinking. Most books dealing with science focus on two or three of these concepts and they are usually treated in a linear fashion. This book not only increases the breadth of the discussion but also enriches its complexity by proposing that the process is a circular interrelated one.

The Title of the book, "The Psychology of Science and the Origins of the Scientific Mind" implies two distinct discussions. Hopefully a Philosophy of Science discipline will be formalized in the not too distant future. Once that happens I think a single book on the Origins of the Scientific Mind should be considered. Such a book, targeted at a general scientific audience, would certainly become a classic in scientific literature.

I highly recommend this book for scientists and those interested in the philosophy, history and foundations of scientific thought.
2 internautes sur 2 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
4.0 étoiles sur 5 Valuable resource for PR Professionals and Futurists in Scientific and Technology Fields 1 juillet 2009
Par David H. Rosen - Publié sur
If our species' concept of "tomorrow" is a puzzle, then Greg Feist's book, "The Psychology of Science and the Origins of the Scientific Mind," is one of the corner pieces. While Feist doesn't set out with the goal of helping PR people, his work inevitably will in four ways.

1. We all recognize that the position of "scientist" has reached archetype status in our society. The public has expectations of how they think, behave, look like and view the world from a moral and religious perspective. At the same time, they typically serve as the main spokesperson when a radical breakthrough is made. These two factors intersect when it comes to managing the PR for a holy cow type of announcement. Feist takes what we intuitively and halfhazardly know about this archetype and breaks it down, well, scientifically. It's invaluable fodder for PR pros to study.

2. In calling for the psychology of science to be formalized as a field of study, Feist examines the evolutionary and historical roots of the scientific mind. (Read that sentence again, because it refers to two enourmous and little-studied concepts.) His conclusion? We're innately scientific creatures. This means no audience, no matter how anti-science or highest level of science education achieved, is beyond the capacity to understand a breakthrough and establish an informed opinion.

3. Understanding why and how an audience's birth order affects their openness to disruptive ideas

4. The more difficult communications challenges that "invisible" fields like quantum physics and materials science face compared to "visible" ones like those in the domain of astronomy and biology.

For PR professionals who are working to advance scientific ideas that will change humanity's future, this book is a very useful tool.
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