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Robinson Crusoe [Anglais] [Broché]

Daniel Defoe

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Descriptions du produit

Présentation de l'éditeur

Robinson Crusoe is a novel by Daniel Defoe, first published on 25 April 1719. This first edition credited the work's fictional protagonist Robinson Crusoe as its author, leading many readers to believe he was a real person and the book a travelogue of true incidents. It was published under the considerably longer original title The Life and Strange Surprizing Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, Of York, Mariner: Who lived Eight and Twenty Years, all alone in an un-inhabited Island on the Coast of America, near the Mouth of the Great River of Oroonoque; Having been cast on Shore by Shipwreck, wherein all the Men perished but himself. With An Account how he was at last as strangely deliver'd by Pyrates. Epistolary, confessional, and didactic in form, the book is a fictional autobiography of the title character (whose birth name is Robinson Kreutznaer)—a castaway who spends years on a remote tropical island near Trinidad, encountering cannibals, captives, and mutineers before being rescued. The story is widely perceived to have been influenced by the life of Alexander Selkirk, a Scottish castaway who lived for four years on the Pacific island called "Más a Tierra" (in 1966 its name was changed to Robinson Crusoe Island), Chile. However, other possible sources have been put forward for the text. It is possible, for example, that Defoe was inspired by the Latin or English translations of Ibn Tufail's Hayy ibn Yaqdhan, an earlier novel also set on a desert island. Another source for Defoe's novel may have been Robert Knox's account of his abduction by the King of Ceylon in 1659 in "An Historical Account of the Island Ceylon," Glasgow: James MacLehose and Sons (Publishers to the University), 1911. In his 2003 book In Search of Robinson Crusoe, Tim Severin contends that the account of Henry Pitman in a short book chronicling his escape from a Caribbean penal colony and subsequent shipwrecking and desert island misadventures, is the inspiration for the story. Arthur Wellesley Secord in his Studies in the narrative method of Defoe (1963: 21–111) painstakingly analyses the composition of Robinson Crusoe and gives a list of possible sources of the story, rejecting the common theory that the story of Selkirk is Defoe's only source. Despite its simple narrative style, Robinson Crusoe was well received in the literary world and is often credited as marking the beginning of realistic fiction as a literary genre. Before the end of 1719 the book had already run through four editions, and it has gone on to become one of the most widely published books in history, spawning numerous sequels and adaptations for stage, film, and television.

Détails sur le produit

  • Broché: 128 pages
  • Editeur : CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform (7 juillet 2014)
  • Langue : Anglais
  • ISBN-10: 1500437425
  • ISBN-13: 978-1500437428
  • Dimensions du produit: 21,3 x 15 x 2,5 cm
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Amazon.com: 4.1 étoiles sur 5  17 commentaires
2 internautes sur 2 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 Enjoying it it again 24 avril 2014
Par Pauline - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format:Format Kindle|Achat vérifié
Am reading it again at age 77. I remember reading it as a teen in the summertime and enjoying it then and again now.
1 internautes sur 1 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 Adventure 21 avril 2014
Par Dale Kennedy - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format:Format Kindle|Achat vérifié
this is the greatest adventure book I have ever read. I wish I had read it when I was much younger. It is truly a classic.
1 internautes sur 1 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 One of my Favourite Books 27 juillet 2012
Par J. Yasmineh - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format:Format Kindle|Achat vérifié
The Story of Robinson Crusoe may be the first independent novel ever written, and for that invention alone we have Daniel Defoe to thank. Inspired by the account of the castaway Alexander Selkirk (of which this edition includes appended) it nevertheless deviates completely from Selkirk's account to tell a moralistic story of high adventure.

The story begins with Crusoe at 19, coming from a well-to-do family with an education and prospects, who nevertheless shuns his fortune to risk his life at sea. His subsequent misfortunes are carefully designed by Defoe to both educate Crusoe in those skills necessary for a life of abject solitude, and to variously spare him and deliver him into the fortunate circumstance where he can learn particular moral lessons.

The moral lesson that Defoe is most interested in conveying (sometimes ad nauseum) is that Protestant interpretation of Christianity which promotes the beneficial relationship with God, whereby His divine providence clearly rewards those who sufficiently attend to their worship, are sufficiently thankful in their contemplations and content with the gifts and opportunities with which they have been provided. Those who do not, are adequately punished.

As such, it reads like the Old Testament Book of Job. The story runs as if the entire world is set up expressly to teach Robinson Crusoe particular lessons. This would be fine, if not for the fact that countless other innocent souls are incidentally condemned to death just to set up Crusoe for redemption. Even accounting for the fact that God should be able to manipulate all the threads of life in the Universe to a just end, it really does appear in the book that several of those who come to the "period" of their lives seem quite innocent of any sufficient iniquity to justify the loss of their existence, merely to contribute to Crusoe's theological betterment.

As such, the story is distinct from Selkirk's in that where Selkirk had a rough time of it on an almost uninhabitable island, Crusoe met with every bit of good fortune possible, with abundant space, fertility, food, water and animal life, and any tribulations he encountered were invariably of his own making or due to his own shortcomings.

Despite all this, and despite that fully half the book feels like it is given over to sermonising, the story remains absolutely fascinating. In spite of the almost literal deus ex machina that Defoe continuously employs to move the story along according to his design, despite the sometimes fantastic luck that Crusoe undeservedly gets, and the dramatic exaggerations Defoe sometimes employs concerning his hero and the forces arrayed against him, it's still a captivating (if you'll pardon the reference) castaway story that has me hooked every time I read it.

Even the endless sermonising, the assumed cultural superiority, the casual acceptance of slavery and the often disgusting racism didn't phase me. The book is merely a product of its times (and for all that is reasonably progressive given that context) and in any case, serves to illustrate the unenlightened, negative attitudes and assumptions of the people who lived in the 18th Century. On the positive side, it does reflect the progressive attitude of the reformation versus the primitive superiority of the Catholics of those times, comparing the terrible way in which the Spanish used (and destroyed) the natives of America, with Defoe's own ideas on how those 'less blessed' should be treated (forcibly converted and enslaved, apparently, though he eschews wanton cruelty).

I love this book, both as a landmark in human story telling and in being a moral stepping-stone on the way to modern ethical (and even economic) discourse. The aged language is a pleasure to read. The shame of it is that so many present-day Christians have regressed in their attitudes to the point where their prejudices would bring a blush to the cheeks of even the semi-enlightened Defoe.

This Kindle edition is perfectly acceptable, though it is unfortunate that several pages are missing (I can but hope this will be rectified at some point in the future) but for a rock-bottom price of nothing dollars, we can't complain too much. Further, there are a few OCR-related mistakes on occasion, over and above those differences between Defoe's spelling and modern English, but neither of these harm the reading experience. I cannot recommend it enough.
3.0 étoiles sur 5 Not a fun read 12 septembre 2014
Par Holly 16 - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format:Format Kindle|Achat vérifié
I had to read this for class a college class. It was not the fun adventure story I thought it was going to be. It is uncut (filled with tons of racism, so prepare yourself) and definitely a reflection of its time. Robinson Crusoe is an unlikable character (arrogant, greed, over inflated ego, etc) and stays that way throughout the entire book. His relationship with his 'friend' Friday is disturbing. He treats Friday like a pet. I at least gave it three stars because if you want to know views on race, slavery, and religion for that time this is a great book and it was a bestseller in its day. It is great for studying history but not good for a fun read. I couldn't get past the extreme racism and slavery to enjoy the book.
2.0 étoiles sur 5 Wading through mud 20 août 2014
Par Andrew C. Burns - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format:Format Kindle|Achat vérifié
I generally enjoy the classics. This one, however, I did not. I assume that some of the problems, like misuse of commas, are part of this Kindle edition only. Other problems, like the incredibly long sentences (sometimes over a page!) are the fault of Defoe. I understand that writing styles have changed since RC was written, but I've read plenty of books from a similar time period that I actually enjoyed. None of the characters on the island, other than RC himself and Friday, are given names. I found this both confusing and detrimental to any sympathy for those characters. Overall, I guess I still respect the literary importance, but I never want to have to read this again.
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