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Roman Legionary AD 69-161 (Anglais) Broché – 23 avril 2013


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Roman Legionary AD 69-161 + Roman Republican Legionary 298-105 BC + Roman Legionary 58 BC-AD 69
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Descriptions du produit

Revue de presse

"Archaeological relics blend with other color illustrations to accompany a detailed discussion of centurions and legionnaires, discussing cavalrymen and foot soldiers alike in a pick recommended for any early military history holding."
- The Midwest Book Review (July 2013)

Présentation de l'éditeur

Between AD 69 and 161 the composition of the Roman legions was transformed. Italians were almost entirely replaced by provincial recruits, men for whom Latin was at best a second language, and yet the 'Roman-ness' of these Germans, Pannonians, Spaniards, Africans and Syrians, fostered in isolated fortresses on the frontiers, was incredibly strong. Like the Italian yeomen who had battled Pyrrhus and Hannibal centuries before, the provincial legionaries were imbued with the traditional ethos of the Roman army. They were highly competitive, jealous of their honour, and driven by the need to maintain and enhance their reputations for virtus, that is manly courage and excellence.
The warfare of the period, from the huge legion versus legion confrontations in the Civil War of AD 69, through the campaigns of conquest in Germany, Dacia and Britain, to the defence of the frontiers of Africa and Cappadocia and the savage quelling of internal revolts, gave ample opportunity for virtus-enhancing activity. Despite a radical change in the makeup of the legions, the period AD 69-161 was characterised by continuity and revival. The classic battle formation that had baffled Pyrrhus and conquered Hannibal was revived. Heroic centurions continued to lead from the front, and common legionaries vied with them in displays of valour. The legions of the era may have been provincial but they were definitely Roman in organisation and ethos.



Détails sur le produit

  • Broché: 64 pages
  • Editeur : Osprey Publishing (23 avril 2013)
  • Collection : Warrior
  • Langue : Anglais
  • ISBN-10: 1780965877
  • ISBN-13: 978-1780965871
  • Dimensions du produit: 18,4 x 0,6 x 24,8 cm
  • Moyenne des commentaires client : 4.0 étoiles sur 5  Voir tous les commentaires (1 commentaire client)
  • Classement des meilleures ventes d'Amazon: 75.378 en Livres anglais et étrangers (Voir les 100 premiers en Livres anglais et étrangers)
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1 internautes sur 1 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile  Par Semper Victor COMMENTATEUR DU HALL D'HONNEURTOP 10 COMMENTATEURS le 8 juillet 2013
Format: Broché
« Roman Legionary, AD 69-161 », de Ross Cowan, vient compléter le volume Opsrey Warrior déjà publié par Nic Fields et consacré aux légionnaires de l'époque républicaine et augustéenne. L'illustrateur, Seán Ó'Brógáin est d'ailleurs le même.

Il s'agit cette fois de l'âge d'or de la légion romaine, de l'année de quatre empereurs (avec les deux batailles de Bédriac) aux guerres de Trajan et à la période de calme relatif qui précède le règne de Marc-Aurèle.

L'auteur analyse de manière classique l'organisation, l'équipement, l'entraînement et les tactiques de combat de légionnaires. Un chapitre, plus original, est consacré à l' « après bataille » : pillages, trophées ou cérémonies de triomphe. Il s'agit au bout du compte d'un volume réussi dans une série passionnante.
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Commentaires client les plus utiles sur Amazon.com (beta)

Amazon.com: 10 commentaires
9 internautes sur 9 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
Good and interesting 28 avril 2013
Par JPS - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Broché
After so many books on the Roman legions and legionaries, including a number of titles from Osprey, I was a bit concerned that this one might be a "rehash" of previous titles. It is not. While Osprey titles are necessarily limited in size and the materials contained can generally be found scattered throughout the more specialized literature, this title does a good job in presenting the Roman legionary from the beginning of Vespasian's reign to that of Marcus Aurelius.

All the sections I was expecting to find are included: chronology, recruitment and terms of service, training, tactical organization, equipment, campaign, battle and its aftermath. The contents of these sections are also mostly what I was expecting. However, there were also numerous useful elements that are often not found in similar titles, or at least not explained as well. One example is the section on the formation and destruction of Roman legions, showing that, for all their vaulted invincibility, many legions suffered heavy losses and a number were destroyed over the period, sometimes entirely.

The contents of this booklet also include a number of other interesting (and often little-known) features. One example is the terms of service where the minimum age for enlisting and the ordinary term of service were exceeded, sometimes considerably, with 14-year old recruits or veterans with more than forty years of service. While the author makes good use of the information obtained from the tombstones of legionaries who served and died during this period, it is however not possible to ascertain to what extent these were common practices or exceptions.
More generally, Ross Cowan's book has two merits. One is to challenge wildly accepted assumptions made by previous historians on a number of "technical" points - statements that the senior centurion in a cohort had overall command of this cohort or that the auxiliary cohorts did most of the hard fighting while the legionaries were kept in reserve and preserved. Another is to show to what extent the legions and their subunits became a way of life, a society and a family for legionaries. This can largely explain both the troops' high morale and the fact that some of them served well beyond their normal terms of service.

The illustrations and plates are also rather good, even if perhaps not the best that I have ever seen in Osprey titles.

There are holwever a couple of limits. I was a bit uneasy with some of the author's extrapolations, particularly when he uses 4th to 6th century authors of military treaties (Vegetius and Maurice's Strategikon) to infer that certain legionary practices existed already during the 1st and 2sd century AD. This was a bit unfortunate especially since the author spends quite a few pages in showing that similar assumptions but made by other authors are questionable and it does give the impression that he somehow does not entirely practice what he preaches. A related feature is that I almost couldn't help wondering how much we really know about the Roman legionary of the 1st and 2sd centuries, as opposed to his immediate predecessors and successors.

A third but minor point is that I would have preferred if the author had provided us with as much explanations as possible instead of quoting written sources, as he tends to do in the first half of the title.

Nevertheless, this was a good one and it was worth a solid four stars.
6 internautes sur 6 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
Unsurprisingly, a challenging task 13 juin 2013
Par Anibal Madeira - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Broché
Right from the start Cowan chooses a particularly difficult period to write about. For this period there are no Polybius, Caesar, Vegetius. You must gather data from many diverse sources and use reasoning and informed guesses.

But Ross Cowan is the man for the task, at least to challenge a few ideas (like the positioning of the centurion or the use of the crest in this period), to provide the reader with fascinating data, like the legions that were created and disappeared in this period, the fabulous debate on Virtus and Disciplina (with great examples of displays of both qualities for legionaries and auxiliaries, battling many presumptions), tactical organization (including discussions as diverse as the existence of file closers; who fought in the first rank; was there a return to manipular tactics?) among many other interesting themes. It's amazing how the author managed to raise so many debates and tries to defend his point of view, many times convincingly.

The internal photographs include not only the mandatory pieces of the Trajan's Column and Tropaeum Traiani, but also excellent photos of funerary monuments and altars that provide lots of valuable information. The color plate are illustrated by Seán Ó'Brógáin and are very good (with one exception in my opinion); you will find great visual representations of: Training at Lambaesis 128AD; Legionary Cavalryman 161AD; Recent recruit of Legio VII Galbiana 69 AD; Sacrificial procession of Legio II Augusta at the Antonine Wall 142AD; Fighting Styles (vividly depicting scenes from the Adamclissi's Tropaeum Traiani); Legionary vs legionary at first Cremona 69AD; The camp of the 9th attacked by Caledonians 82AD.

The main weakness of this very worthy work is in the use of sources. Most authors circumvent the scarceness of specific sources for certain periods by extending the focus. But this book is specific in the time period: AD69 - AD161. But although criticizing other authors (like in the file closers and optio positioning for example) for using anachronistic sources, he does that through most of the book. As an example when the author is discussing if veterans fought in the front rank, he gives examples from the battle of Pistoria (62 BC), Pharsalus (48 BC), Ruspina (46 BC) and even an attack to Shapur II camp at Amida in AD 359! I must say that I agree with the authors logic at this specific issue, but the data provided is mostly too far from the period at hand, so any conclusion should be taken carefully.

Unsurprisingly, this was a very tough book to write. I believe Ross Cowan made a very fine job here (although he has better works published) and gave us a very good monograph considering the limitations at hand.
1 internautes sur 1 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
Great read, even for those familiar with the legions 22 avril 2014
Par Amazon Customer - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Format Kindle Achat vérifié
I got this book not expecting to get much out of it, since I know quite a lot about the legions already. However, this book is full of lesser known aspects of legionary warfare from this time.It has some especially illuminating parts on auxiliaries and the role they played in warfare (not always the role traditionally thought of) as well as in-depth examinations of where centurions/optios stood in the battle line and what their different roles were (or weren't, in some cases.)
3 internautes sur 5 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
Somewhat narrow focus, a huge amount of info 28 avril 2013
Par Doug Welch - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Broché
I have every other Osprey volume on Roman military matters from the hoary Simkins-Embleton titles like Roman Army from Caesar to Trajan (Men at Arms Series 46) down to the McBride illustrated Warrior titles Roman Legionary 1) 58 BC to 69 ADWarrior 72: Imperial Roman Legionary AD 161-284 and this is a new direction for the Osprey Titles. This volume uses the graphic design of the more recent Essential Histories where color plates are distributed throughout the book instead of being cooped up in small, central (and probably budget dictated) color section. This volume answers a lot of practical questions about the life of a legionary, his pay, his motivation, his training and discipline, his weapons and tactics.
I guess they will have to renumber the Warrior Roman Legionary titles as there is now seamless coverage from the most ancient Roman armies to Late Antiquity and the early Dark Ages spread across five or six books, this volume covers the Roman Empire at its zenith from the Civil Wars of 69 AD (Year of Four Emperors) and ascension of the Flavian dynasty through the death of Antoninus PIus. In the Roman army we see an evolution away from Italians being in any legion toward an army composed of naturalized natives from lands Rome had conquered or bordered upon such as Celts and Germanics. The classic look of the Lorica Segmentata comes into the forefront in this era, but this new form of body armor never really overtakes the older chainmail design.The Gallic form of helmet becomes prevalent in this era as well as the short bladed gladius reaches its hey day at this time.
As with all of the Osprey ancients titles, this one uses extensive primary literary sources coupled with archeological finds and sculptural evidence to give the best well-rounded guesses as to what Roman soldiers looked like in combat. This volume has a really good illustration by rising star in the Osprey stable, Sean O'Brogain reconstructing Roman fighting styles with reliefs from the Tropeaum of Trajan, which is one of the most effective means of visualizing Roman techniques. The remainder of the illustrations, combined with color photos of actual relics of Roman weapons are really effective and the book is attractive throughout with this new scheme of distributing the color pics make this one of the best books on the Roman military Osprey has done in it's long run of books on military history. It's just a shame old Angus isn't around to illustrate this one, but O'Brogan is up to the task.
Another Excellent Publication from Osprey 25 juillet 2013
Par Patrick E Andrewsw - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Broché Achat vérifié
The excellent illustrations and photos of ancient relics of the Roman Army make this a perfect reference for the time of military operations in the ancient world.
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