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The Albanians: A Modern History (Anglais) Broché – 18 décembre 2013

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Descriptions du produit

Revue de presse

a vigorous, well-informed and readable study of modern Albanian history succeeds in making sense of Albania's fragmented, intricate and tangled history, which is a noteworthy feat the book can be warmly recommended.

Raymond Hutchings, The Slavonic Review

..the first proper survey of modern Albanian history to have been published in Europe since the fall of the Communist regime it is likely to become the standard guide to the subject for English-speaking readers. --Noel Malcolm, The European Magazine

Présentation de l'éditeur

This is the first full account of a country that, following decades of isolation, has undergone unprecedented changes to its political system: the collapse of communism, the progression to multi-party elections and the upheaval that followed the March 1997 uprising. Miranda Vickers traces the history of the Albanian people from the Ottoman period to the formation of the Albanian Communist Party. She considers the charismatic leadership of Enver Hoxha; Albania's relationship with Tito and the alliance with the Soviet Union and then China; and the long period of isolation. Newly revised for this paperback edition, The Albanians considers the gradual process of reform and the fragility of the Albanian experiment with democracy, and includes a dramatic account of the days leading up to Sali Berisha's resignation of the presidency. It has now been updated to cover the crisis in Kosovo that has led to the first 'Western' war in Europe since 1945.

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Couverture | Copyright | Table des matières | Extrait | Index | Quatrième de couverture
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Amazon.com: 11 commentaires
30 internautes sur 34 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
Great Survey on Albania 1 juillet 2002
Par Jeffrey Leach - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Broché
Miranda Vickers's "The Albanians," is one of three novels written by Vickers about the Balkan region, specifically Albania and Kosovo. I first read this book about four years ago for a class on East European history and politics. While the class wasn't that good, I did enjoy reading about Albania. The book fed an interest I've had about Albania since I first heard Radio Tirana on my shortwave radio years ago. Albania is a forgotten land, only newsworthy when a new ethnic conflict flares up in the region or when the country descends into anarchy, as it did in 1997. This edition is an updated version, covering events up into the late 1990's.
"The Albanians" is about as good a survey of the country as you will find. Vickers starts the book with the earliest history of Albania and ends the book around 1999. The goal of the book is to examine how Albanian nationalism worked itself out in the history of the region. Vickers outlines five points she hopes her book will shed light on. She wants to explain why many Albanians converted to Islam; why the Albanian state was the last in the Balkans to develop a national consciousness; how the Albanian state came into existence; why the Albanians of the former Yugoslavia were excluded from that state; and why Albania remained for so long one of the world's most isolated and repressed societies. The following is a partial summary of some of Vickers's claims in answer to her questions:
Many Albanians converted to Islam, explains Vickers, due to the presence of Ottoman domination for some five centuries. While the Ottoman's didn't eradicate other religious faiths from their territories, they did institute programs that favored Muslims and those who converted to Islam. Muslims got appointments to local offices, paid fewer or no taxes, and didn't have to pay the Devshirme, the levy that required Christians to give up one son for the elite Janissary corps of the Ottoman army. Conversion to Islam, therefore, benefited a person and his family.
The Albanian state was the last to develop a national consciousness due to a number of factors. One reason was the Ottoman land system, called the millet. This divided people up according to religious faith, and prevented the formation of a national identity by creating religious divisions that hindered a coalescence of the various Albanian tribes. Another problem was the lack of a systematic, written Albanian alphabet. Three scripts vied for attention: the Latin (eventually adopted at the alphabet congress at Monastir in 1908), the Greek, and the Turkish. A culture that cannot write down its own history, or express itself through a unified language, is not much of a culture.
The Albanian state became a political expression in November 1912. This was a bleak time for Albania, due to the first Balkan war. Greece invaded Southern Albania in an attempt to claim Northern Epirus. The Montenegrins invaded from the north, laying siege to Shkoder, and Serbia marched to Durres on the Adriatic, in order to obtain a port. The independence of Albania was an important event to Austria-Hungary, who hoped to blunt the spread of pan-Slavism. Independence caused problems with Western powers, who tended to ignore Albania in favor of its neighbors. The ultimate outcome of Albanian independence was a political and geographical entity, although many Albanians now resided outside the borders of the Albanian state. The region of Kosova became a major problem for Albania after independence. Kosova flipped-flopped between Albanian and Yugoslavian control until after WWII, when it became a permanent (?) part of Yugoslavia. Serbian claims to Kosova revolved around the 1389 Battle of Kosovo. The Serbs claimed this was an important part of their cultural heritage, a claim that fell on sympathetic Western ears. Further problems for reunification occurred when Albania's communist regime collapsed in the early 1990's. Many Kosovars had no interest in giving up a standard of living that was light years ahead of Albania.
Albania's isolation consists of many factors. Its geographical features are a major problem. A Muslim majority in Christian Europe is another factor. Probably the most important factor is its almost fifty year communist regime, a regime headed up by a pro-Stalinist xenophobe named Enver Hoxha. Hoxha, a mass murder if there ever was one, spent his entire career bouncing Albania between the Yugoslavs, the USSR, and China before instituting a strict isolationist stance. Albania definitely had some concerns with foreign influence, but Hoxha's positions were absurd. By the time Albania came out of its long isolation, the country seemed like a relic out of time.
There are a few problems with the book. Since "The Albanians" is a survey, I constantly found myself asking questions that went beyond the scope of the book. In that respect, maybe the book does do its job; it makes you hungry for more information about this fascinating country. I do think Vickers could have spent more time discussing the likes of Skenderbeg, Albania's national hero. A good portion of this information is stuffed into a small introduction. Another problem is the maps, which are sorely lacking. The three maps included in the book are completely lacking in place names, rivers, etc. For a survey book, detailed maps are a MUST, and this book falls down on the job.
I enjoyed this book the first time I read it, and even more the second time through. Vickers knows her stuff. I can't wait to read her sequel.
13 internautes sur 17 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
A thorough history on an ignored land 6 mai 2003
Par Donna Di Giacomo - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Broché
Albania's history is rich and Miranda Vickers has done an excellent job of documenting it.
I was pleasantly surprised that she discussed the Arberesh (the Albanese of Italy), even if it was briefly.
The book is an excellent resource tool and a great addition to any library.
9 internautes sur 12 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
Valuable resource 19 décembre 2000
Par GREGORY S D'AVIS - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Broché
To give an idea of how complete "The Albanians" is, shortly before picking it up I read an entire book devoted to the history of the Ottoman Empire. Within a couple chapters, Vickers' book does a far better job of detailing that empire's rise and fall.
Beyond that, she delivers a thorough (but only occasionally plodding) history of one of the most intriguing places in the world. If I have one complaint -- the book needs maps. The few provided are woefully scant in detail, and considering the book's constant use of place names, anyone who isn't an Albania expert (and I'm not) will get confused.
Albanians: A Modern History 10 février 2014
Par Thomas E. Martin - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Broché Achat vérifié
Is a readable, lively account. It would have been better if it had been accompanied by a series of maps.
Five Stars 20 juin 2015
Par Steven Chomo - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Format Kindle Achat vérifié
Great read more information than I thought possible.
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