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The Dragon's Gift: The Real Story of China in Africa
 
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The Dragon's Gift: The Real Story of China in Africa [Format Kindle]

Deborah Brautigam

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Descriptions du produit

Revue de presse

Bucking the conventional wisdom that China's substantial increases in aid to the region are motivated by short-term commercial and strategic interests, Brautigam's lively and thoroughly documented account emphasizes that Chinese motivations are broader and more long term. (Nicolas Van de Walle, Foreign Affairs)

A timely [and] important book...fascinating. Book of the week. (Ian Birrell, The Independent)

Compelling (Rob Crilly, Irish Times)

[A] fascinating and comprehensive guide to China's growing influence in Africa... You are unlikely to find a more thorough, comprehensive and open-minded account of the subject. (Dan Glazebrook, Morning Star)

[A] richly detailed book... well-informed (Howard W. French, The National)

The Dragon's Gift, a new book by Deborah Brautigam, looks behind [the] media hype. It offers surprising insights and challenges us to take a new look at Africa's development...thoughtful and well-researched...the basis for a well-informed, interesting dialogue with Chinese actors. (The Huffington Post)

Any book claiming to tell the 'real story' sets its standards high, but this one succeeds admirably. For those interested in China-Africa relations, it enriches the field, defines new research standards and is constructively provocative. For those new to the subject, it is an essential text about a compelling, increasingly consequential relationship. (Daniel Large, The Broker)

This is an important addition to the already considerable literature on China-Africa. Policy makers and journalists should read it (Peter Wood, Asian Review of Books)

Brautigam's superb book, the fruit of decades of research and travel throughout Africa and China... this highly accessible and rigorous book may come to be viewed as a canonical text in the China-Africa development debate. (Sean Burges, International Affairs)

Brautigam successfully provides scholars of the ChinaAfrica relationship with a new analytical framework, information, and viewpoints...this highly recommended volume shows that Chinese are business-oriented developers and revolutionizes the concept that China is a hasty donor in Africa. (The China Quarterly)

The Dragons Gift will be for a long time the lodestone of informed discussion of how China and Chinese interact with Africa and Africans. (Barry Sautman, China Journal)

An incisive book...an excellent read (Suresh George, Regional Studies)

a superbly written and exquisitely researched book ... the value of the books contribution to a worthy debate is without question. (Jane Golley, Economic Record)

The Dragon's Gift is a path-breaking book, one that was urgently needed and one which deserves to be widely noticed and read. It not only provides an in-depth analysis of contemporary relations of China with Africa, located within their proper historical context, but meticulously presents, critiques and successfully challenges the array of myths, fears, and misinformation which abound in both press reports and some academic studies of China in Africa. (Roger C. Riddell, Author of Does Foreign Aid Really Work?)

If you want to know what China is really doing in Africa, this is the one book to read. The Dragon's Gift corrects the misinformation of both critics and defenders of China's role on the continent. Beijing has a long-term, well-planned strategy that goes way beyond a drive to claim minerals and oil. Yet Africans are benefiting from China's mixture of aid and investment; Western aid officials could learn from it. I was surprised by new facts on almost every page. Brautigam has given us a compelling, objective, and very readable account enlivened by her personal experiences and interviews. (Susan Shirk, Ho Miu Lam Professor of China and Pacific Relations, University of California, San Diego and Director, University of California Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation)

Présentation de l'éditeur

Is China a rogue donor, as some media pundits suggest? Or is China helping the developing world pave a pathway out of poverty, as the Chinese claim? In the last few years, China's aid program has leapt out of the shadows. Media reports about huge aid packages, support for pariah regimes, regiments of Chinese labor, and the ruthless exploitation of workers and natural resources in some of the poorest countries in the world sparked fierce debates. These debates, however, took place
with very few hard facts. China's tradition of secrecy about its aid fueled rumors and speculation, making it difficult to gauge the risks and opportunities provided by China's growing embrace.

This well-timed book, by one of the world's leading experts, provides the first comprehensive account of China's aid and economic cooperation overseas. Deborah Brautigam tackles the myths and realities, explaining what the Chinese are doing, how they do it, how much aid they give, and how it all fits into their "going global" strategy. Drawing on three decades of experience in China and Africa, and hundreds of interviews in Africa, China, Europe and the US, Brautigam shines new light on a topic
of great interest.

China has ended poverty for hundreds of millions of its own citizens. Will Chinese engagement benefit Africa? Using hard data and a series of vivid stories ranging across agriculture, industry, natural resources, and governance, Brautigam's fascinating book provides an answer. It is essential reading for anyone concerned with China's rise, and what it might mean for the challenge of ending poverty in Africa.

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Amazon.com: 4.3 étoiles sur 5  19 commentaires
29 internautes sur 31 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
4.0 étoiles sur 5 A useful analysis of China's aid and investment in Africa. 7 mai 2010
Par Graham - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format:Relié|Achat vérifié
China is often taciturn about the real size and scope of its projects in Africa, so this topic has suffered from much confusion and often from inflated (or guessed) numbers. Prof. Brautigam aims to describe and analyze the real Chinese aid picture, using both anecdotal data obtained from many personal visits to Chinese development projects in Africa and also statistical data obtained through carefully digging into the real numbers behind the headlines.

Although she notes some concerns, Brautigam is on balance fairly positive on China's role, especially in its emphasis on practicalities. I learned many things, including:

* China explicitly declares that its programs are aiming for "mutual benefits" and "win-win" rather than simply dispensing charity. For example, projects may be directly profitable, or they may foster Chinese trade. Interestingly, this peer-peer style is often popular with recipients.

* The main Chinese focus is on fostering economic development (in infrastructure, agriculture, or industry) as the path to a better future, rather than on relieving today's symptoms.

* China is consciously reusing strategies that seemed to work in developing China itself. For example, in the 1950s Japan provided China with development loans and technology tied to specific projects, and was repaid with the products of the resulting Chinese factory or mine. China perceives this as a key "win-win" strategy for development.

* China emphasizes "no strings" and non-interference in countries internal affairs. However a key goal, especially in earlier years, was building up support for the PRC against Taiwan. Aid would only be given to those countries that recognized Beijing as the sole government of China. While China's "no strings" policies might appear to tolerate dictatorships and corruption, Brautigam observes that in practice the West's actions are not so very different: despite all the hopeful talk of "conditionality", much Western aid, investment and military hardware still flows to extremely unpleasant regimes.

* China provides some humanitarian aid, notably medical teams and post-disaster assistance. But this is relatively modest. Brautigam believes Chinese non-commercial aid to Africa is still only a small fraction of Western aid.

* Chinese workers (including technical experts) work relatively cheaply and typically live at close to local living standards. This is perceived as very different from the highly paid and expensively supplied Western experts.

* China's engagements are often weak on environmental issues, and on social and human rights issues. This is improving, but slowly. China tends to assume that its own internal strategy of putting development first is still the right one.

* There has been a great deal of misreporting of Chinese aid figures in Western media. This is partly because China is taciturn and partly because it uses different measurement criteria. For example, if China makes a below-market-rate loan, it only treats the reduction in interest payments as "aid", whereas a Western government treats the whole loan amount as "aid". (I think I prefer the Chinese methodology here.) But there is also enormous media confusion between (a) true non-commercial "aid" (b) subsidized "aid" loans for commercial projects (c) business loans on normal commercial terms, and (d) commercial business China does in Africa, sometimes paid for by another donor country. For all these categories, Brautigam tries to extract and compare true apples-to-apples Chinese and Western numbers.

* China is consciously trying to move its mature industries offshore. For example, the Chinese government is providing financial incentives for moving textile manufacturing out of China. (Fascinating!)

These brief notes only touch the tip of the iceberg: there is much more of interest in the book.

In general, I'd recommend this as very useful reading for anyone interested in either African development or China's foreign policy. My one caution would be that it is not light reading: Brautigam provides reams of detail and many carefully analyzed statistics. This is all useful, but can occasionally be slow going.
8 internautes sur 8 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
4.0 étoiles sur 5 A view of China in Africa by an expert in both 1 décembre 2011
Par Edward Waffle - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format:Broché
The People's Republic of China do a lot right in their dealing with the developing states of Africa. When investing in a country or granting aid the Chinese don't make political demands; they don't insist the recipient nation reform its economy to better pay bondholders; they stay for as long is necessary to get a project running and hand it over to the Africans, always ready to return if necessary. The Chinese build what African nations want--a railroad, a stadium, an office building for the Foreign Ministry--these are they types of "wasteful" projects that the International Monetary Fund and World Bank won't even consider. And commercial banks won't fund a project without the imprimatur of those transnational financial giants.

Technicians and executives from China work alongside their African counterparts. They live simply and frugally, often in barracks that they construct upon arrival. Managers and workers from the global North generally live in separate compounds, luxurious by African (or Chinese) standards and tend to supervise from afar--or at least as far as possible.

The Chinese are trusted because they aren't a former colonial power--indeed they can claim to be "post-colonial" themselves. They listen to what Africans want, even if those they are listening to are autocratic dictators. The Chinese drive hard bargains but do so in a businesslike fashion.

The future of Africa may well be in the East--the efforts of the United States and Western Europe have done little even after pouring billions of dollars in aid, debt cancellation and low interest loans into the same area.
11 internautes sur 12 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
4.0 étoiles sur 5 The best book on the subject 11 juin 2011
Par Tiger CK - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format:Broché|Achat vérifié
The Dragon's Gift is an insightful, deeply researched and keenly argued look at China's growing economic involvement in Africa. The author, a professor at American University, made numerous visits to China and Africa in the course of writing this book, conducting interviews with key officials and businessmen. The result is a book that runs circles around other books on the subject. The level of sophistication and analysis here is vastly superior to China's Africa Safari and other more sensational works looking at China's economic relationship with the African continent.

Brautigam does an excellent job of demonstrating both the truths and fictions underlying Chinese aid in Africa. She generally argues that while Western countries have raised some legitimate questions about Beijing's policies, they have, for the most part, exaggerated the negative consequences of the PRC's growing presence on the continent. In fact, many of the strategies that China uses to promote trade and investment in Africa were first practiced in China by Japan and the West. Moreover, she finds high levels of hypocrisy in the complaints lodged against China by the World Bank and other institutions that have invested in the same countries that they criticize China for supporting.

The first two chapters of the Dragon's Gift cover the history of Chinese involvement in Africa, examining some of the early aid programs that the PRC launched on the African continent during the 1960s and 1970s. The author then looks at the various kinds of assistance that China has offered and the impact that these forms of assistance are having on the ground.

The only reason that I have docked this book one star is that it at times is slightly inaccessible to general readers. The financial mechanisms that China uses to promote trade and investment in Africa are diverse and often extremely complicated. As a highly educated reader without a deep background in international trade or political economy, I felt that there were instances where Brautigam could have done a better job of explaining certain types of investment and trade policy to general readers. Despite this flaw, I still got much out of reading the book.
19 internautes sur 23 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 An excellent analysis 26 janvier 2010
Par Paul Colombini - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format:Relié
Deborah Brautigam's new book, "The Dragon's Gift: The Real Story of China in Africa", presents both a well-researched and unbiased account of Chinese involvement in Africa, as well as useful re-examination of foreign aid in general. The author's 20+ years studying the subject lend her analysis a rigorous academic depth lacking in many studies of Chinese aid, while her personal interviews with top Chinese and African officials, as well as local African business people, provide insightful perspectives likewise not found in many sources. Moreover, Brautigam's fluid narrative style and overviews of economic development, which she weaves into the beginning chapters, make the book equally accessible to seasoned development practitioners and students alike. In short, "The Dragon's Gift" is absolutely a must read for anyone interested in the subject of Chinese aid to Africa, and also forms a useful text for understanding the historical context and shifting role of foreign aid in Africa at the dawn of the 21st century.
4 internautes sur 4 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 Excellent - 3 août 2011
Par Loyd E. Eskildson - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format:Broché
China has had an aid program since the 1950s; Egypt was the first African recipient of Chinese aid in 1956. Recent remarks by African Ministers report a need for Chinese aid because it is increasingly difficult to get assistance from traditional donors. Author Brautigam argues traditional donors too often focus on negative aspects of Chinese aid (influx of Chinese products and Chinese laborers, supplying arms in exchange for oil; fear that intent is transhipment of Chinese products relabeled as 'African'), and that it offers real opportunities for development. In general, Chinese aid is more targeted, less bureaucratic, faster, and increases African nations' bargaining power vs. other donors (eg. larger joint venture shares, lower interest rates). It addressrd concerns about corruption and possible diversion by keeping the money in China as much as possible rather than transferring cash. It is also more targeted to important infrastructure projects with long maturity and long-term potential. China's development aid to Africa has rapidly increased at an average rate of 46%/year over the past decade. At the same time, Africa's exports to China have doubled, with crude oil making up about 70% of the total - mostly from Angola and Sudan.

The lion's share of aid to Africa is export credits, non-concessional state loans, or aid used to foster Chinese investment. In 2006, the Chinese government indicated it would establish up to 50 overseas economic and trade cooperation zones worldwide. (China's outward investment 2005-10 totaled $316 billion, with about 9% in the U.S., 11% in Autralia, 13% in Europe, 17% other Asia, 16% in the Middle East and North Africa, and 14% in Sub-Saharan Africa.) Of this, it is pursing six (possibly seven) economic cooperation zones in five (possibly six) African nations for 'mutual benefit.' Land concessions run from 50 to 99 years. Locations near major ports were generally favored. (Algeria, Egypt, Ethiopia, Mauritius, Nigeria, Zambia) Initial intent indicates an intent to help China's restructuring, allowing labor intensive, less competitive, 'mature' industries such as textile, leather goods and building materials to move offshore. This would also reduce African nations over-reliance on imports of consumer and manufactured goods. Chinese companies (some nationally-owned, others owned by municipalities, the remainder private) have taken the lead in developing these - over 120 have proposed projects, and 19 were selected.

One zone will concentrate on mineral processing, the others mainly on manufacturing. Some are 100% Chinese-owned, others joint ventures with African national or state-level governments as minority partners. The Chinese government provides support for the zone developers via grants and long-term loans. All subsidies are performance-based - the company has to first pay the costs, only later reimbursed.

China's government has taken a 'hands off' attitude towards African policies - no evidence of conditionalities. Host governments are expected to provide infrastructure outside the zones, the Chinese developers inside. Long timeframes are the expectation - past experience in China was it usually took 10-15 years before a zone 'took off,' primarily because of the immense construction work and the need to convince investors to set up factories in a new locale. Most of the zones plan to foster clusters; hopes are that Chinese companies will make up 70 - 80% of the enterprises. In general, Chinese workers are limited to a proportion of local labor - eg. 60%.

China's experience with development zones was that initially it was happy to just get the investments; now it requires technology and R&D transfer. No agreements have been reached regarding these African zones. Regardless, in the near term Chinese zone developers are anticipated to bring future-oriented design, high-standard infrastructure, and world-class professional management to the areas.

Author Brautigam also address China myths and partial truths. 1)China gives money to almost every country in Sub-Saharan Africa, even those that don't acknowledge the One China policy. There is little evidence that it gives more aid to nations with more natural resources or targets countries with worse governance. The World Bank's database, supplemented by additional research, reveals that only 7 African countries have used large, natural resource-backed lines of credit from China for infrastructure projects not directly connected to the exploitation of those resources. 2)Chinese workers and managers in Africa live in extremely simple conditions, contrary to Western advisers. 3)China has flouted social and environmental standards, but is improving. It now uses either its own standards or those of the host nation. 4)Funds from China are frequently far below media reports - eg. reports about Chinese loans in Nigeria mention figures of $5 billion or more, China only provided $589 million between 2000 and 2009. China's reluctance to release foreign aid data helps create such confusion.

China has also earmarked $5 billion for investment in African farming, causing some alarm. Resentment has also been created by Chinese traders - halving the cost of chicken, reducing cabbage prices by 65% in Soweto markets. Others resent Chinese-run textile factories paying salaries of about $200/month - more than in China but less than the local minimum wage.

Summarizing, Brautigam believes there is little that China is doing, good or bad, that has not also been done by Europeans, Americans, Japanese, or Russians. Secondly, most of the sins in Africa are committed by African governments themselves.
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&quote;
Like the US, China gives aid for three reasons: strategic diplomacy, commercial benefit, and as a reflection of societys ideologies and values. &quote;
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&quote;
Chinas aid and economic cooperation differ, both in their content and in the norms of aid practice. The content of Chinese assistance is considerably simpler, and it has changed far less often. Influenced mainly by their own experience of development and by the requests of recipient countries, the Chinese aid and economic cooperation programs emphasized infrastructure, production, and university scholarships at a time when the traditional donors downplayed all of these. &quote;
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&quote;
The second influence was a pattern of state-sponsored engagement more characteristic of the East Asian developmental state than of a communist dictatorship. &quote;
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