The Foraging Spectrum: Diversity in Hunter-Gatherer Lifeways (Anglais) Broché – 12 novembre 2007
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The most important lesson may be that trying to fit human cultural behavior into a scheme in which humans are evolving along a line, as if the species were trying to reach a certain point or all its members were headed in the same forever-vanishing point, cannot account for the variety of data nr for the archaelogical record. Human evolution, whether physical or cultural, does not exhibit such linearity. This artifact of theorectical linearity from outmoded nineteenth-century thinking still pervades much anthropology (as well as biology). It is not helpful scientifically and does not account for the data.
This work helps exemplify how the ongoing Hobbes vs. Rousseau debate in cultural anthropology is overly simplified and--since the false and misleading concept of evolutionary linearity is debunked--is to be replaced by a more complex, if less manipulable and facile, understanding of human culture.
This one of those few books I have read that changes the way I see the world, of immense value to me as I write my own. It is an essential reference in any bibliography dealing with human development, environmental management, or simply understanding the choices we make as peoples.