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The Metropolitan Revolution: How Cities and Metros Are Fixing Our Broken Politics and Fragile Economy [Format Kindle]

Bruce Katz , Jennifer Bradley
5.0 étoiles sur 5  Voir tous les commentaires (1 commentaire client)

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Présentation de l'éditeur

Across the US, cities and metropolitan areas are facing huge economic and competitive challenges that Washington won't, or can't, solve.� The good news is that networks of metropolitan leaders – mayors, business and labor leaders, educators, and philanthropists – are stepping up and powering the nation forward. These state and local leaders are doing the hard work to grow more jobs and make their communities more prosperous, and they're investing in infrastructure, making manufacturing a priority, and equipping workers with the skills they need.

In The Metropolitan Revolution, Bruce Katz and Jennifer Bradley highlight success stories and the people behind them.

· New York City: Efforts are under way to diversify the city's vast economy

· Portland: Is selling the� "sustainability" solutions it has perfected to other cities around the world

· Northeast Ohio: Groups are�using industrial-age skills to invent new twenty-first-century materials, tools, and processes

· Houston: Modern settlement house helps immigrants climb the employment ladder

· Miami: Innovators are forging strong ties with Brazil and other nations

· Denver and Los Angeles: Leaders are breaking political barriers and building world-class metropolises

· Boston and Detroit: Innovation districts are hatching ideas to power these economies for the next century

The lessons in this book can help other cities meet their challenges. Change is happening, and every community in the country can benefit. Change happens where we live, and if leaders won't do it, citizens should demand it.

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Commentaires client les plus utiles
5.0 étoiles sur 5 La révoluiton métropolitaine aux Etats Unis 9 mars 2014
Format:Relié|Achat vérifié
Ce livre vient à point nommé pour éclairer nos débats franco-français sur les métropoles. Publié la même année que "If mayors rule the world: declining nations rising city" de Benjamin Barber, il décrit avec le même enthousiasme le mouvement du "retour des villes" aux Etats Unis. Co-écrit par deux experts de la Brooking Institution, il allie solidité de l'argumentation et vision prospective.
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Commentaires client les plus utiles sur (beta) 4.1 étoiles sur 5  36 commentaires
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5.0 étoiles sur 5 An eye opener. 30 août 2013
Par William H Morling - Publié sur
Format:Relié|Achat vérifié
This book shows that we don't need to depend on a dysfunctional federal government (also, in most cases, state governments) to get done what is needed for our society and economy. The Federal approach - one size fits all - is an obvious failure, even without the parochial bickering, and the examples of cooperation within metropolitan areas is very refreshing.
12 internautes sur 14 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
4.0 étoiles sur 5 nice governments doing good things 23 août 2013
Par Michael Lewyn - Publié sur
Format:Format Kindle|Achat vérifié
Most of the book is a description of various noble-sounding activities performed by various local governments (or in some cases, large local employers or foundations): for example, New York's subsidies to a large university to build a campus in the city, Denver's city/suburb cooperation in transportation, and a Houston nonprofit that educates immigrants and performs other good deeds throughout the Houston region. For a local official hunting for ideas, this might be a pretty useful book.

Having said that, I think the book's overall thesis (that cities will take the lead in creative policies) is a bit optimistic. City governments are just as broke as state governments- in fact, they may even be more fiscally constrained, because the state government has the right to deprive city governments of revenue in a wide variety of ways. For example, state officials (even Democrats) frequently whack away at cities' tax bases by telling cities how and how much they can tax. In addition, state governments tend to be especially biased against large central cities, because of our nation's tradition of poisonous suburban/urban rivalry and because of the power of the road lobby (which usually favors turning central cities into giant expressway ramps).
5 internautes sur 5 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 Apposite for these difficult times 7 novembre 2013
Par A. Tait - Publié sur
Format:Relié|Achat vérifié
A remarkably apposite book in these difficult times. The common thread is cooperation among organizations (businesses, non-profits, local governments, etc) which once competed. Simply put, in today's economic environment, metropolitan areas can achieve far more through cooperation within themselves because then "the whole is greater than the sum of the parts". Another key conclusion is that solving the problems takes time - think 10, 15, 20 years or more.

The authors also make the valuable point that neither state governments nor the federal government are going to solve a particular area's problems. They may provide funding but little else.

This book is not a recipe for solving a specific area's problems but it provides a framework for developing a solution.
18 internautes sur 23 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 A way forward! 19 juin 2013
Par JRT_DC - Publié sur
I found Katz & Bradley's vision so compelling: civic, corporate, education, philathropic leaders in metro areas looking to each other to advance their regions, rather than looking to Washington; a smaller federal stance that is focused on supporting states and cities; understanding that the world is driven by a network of trading cities -- a new take on the old silk road. It's great move through an affirmative vision that's also grounded in the real world. I'm ready for the Revolution!

I also visited their website and was directed to the (free) iPad. Another great take on this compelling material.
4 internautes sur 5 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 Economic Problems Confronting Cities and How Cities Overcome Them 19 septembre 2013
Par Leon Czikowsky - Publié sur
Format:Relié|Achat vérifié
This book provides an excellent description of economic problems facing many urban areas. It provide descriptions of how some cities overcame their economic challenges and are now growing economically.

The following are notes for public policy, urban studies, and city planning students:

The 100 most populous metropolitan areas have two thirds the nation's population producing three quarters of our Gross Domestic Product on 12% of the nation's land.

Metropolitan areas have faster population growth, and with an increasingly diverse population as well as a more aging population, than other areas.

The U.S. economy is experience increased exports, critical innovations plus production of resulting inventions as well as seeing decreasing waste.

Cities will grow according to the reactions to their own actions. Unlike the past, the Federal government is not providing massive funding assistance to cities. Further, most state governments, facing their own budget difficulties that limit their ability to help, are not helping cities as they used to.

Cities are improving by upgrading their downtowns and waterfronts, engaging in historic preservation, improving ass transit, and having interesting architecture. There is a new urban drive for enticing advanced industries to locate in their cities. This industries have create stronger infrastructure, hire human capital, and improve areas when their economic innovations create further growth. Economic growth is driving city renewals. Cities are adapting to the the needs of a global economy which demands technological innovations by creating the means to allow these entities to exist and grow.

Cities are taking actions to guide their economic progress by investing in areas that create jobs and wealth. Some find areas that create global network exchanges of goods and services as well as investments, ideas, and labor. These investors seek the large supply of residents that cities provide that lead to economic gains which in turns makes cities socially stronger.

New York City lost 6,000 jobs and $2 billion in city tax revenues during their August 2008 to November 2009 crisis that was focused on their declining financial sector. Another $1.4 billion in city tax revenues was lost the following year. This was a primary cause of the city government laying off 139,000 city government workers, which contributed further to the economic crisis.

A non-profit organization, the New York City Economic Development Corp (NYCEDC) argued that New York could rebound economically with some innovative actions. NYCEDC staff met with 325 CEOs, 25 community group leaders, and university Presidents and Deans. They discovered there was a general agreement that New York'e economic future was in science, technological innovations, exports, sustainable energy, and new energy sources.

It was then determined that New York City was already strong in biotechnological research. It was also observed it lacked engineers. Boston and San Francisco were increasing investments into their engineering schools and on engineering research and development which was successfully attracting engineering students and engineering firms.

The New York Mayor's office created a one year contest to universities to create a new city campus. The city government would provide $100 million in infrastructure and investments. The winner, Cornell and Technican - Israel Institute of Technology were awarded a campus on Roosevelt Island. The school is named Cornell - NYC Tech which should soon have 280 faculty and 2,750 graduate students.

The Mayor's Office also decided there could be more than one contest winner. New York University is creating the Center for Urban Science and Progress in downtown Brooklyn with a $15 million in city funds or abatements. The Center will work with industry partners.

Columbia University responded by enlarging its engineering school. NYU and Brooklyn Polytech merged o increase the applied sciences offerings.

Economic studies found that each high tech job created leads to additional professional and non-professional jobs. Investing in technology fuels job creation and economic growth.

The infrastructure improvements that lure high tech jobs improves the lives of all. This brings in more retail, services, and financial entities taking advantage of improving neighborhoods and increasing population. This, in turn fuels further economic growth.

The U.S. was a majority rural country until urban population rose three times faster than rural population growth from around 1900 until the 1930 Census found half of U.S. residents lived in cities. The U.S. has been majority urban ever since.

Denver voters in 2004 agreed to tax themselves more to use the funds to support their museums, sports stadiums, zoo, and transit systems. Denver had grown by annexing surrounding municipalities. This allowed Denver to capture the "white flight" of people who left or avoided urban areas where more racial minority populations had increased.

Colorado had a reliance on sales taxes for local budgets. Annexation allows the city government to gain revenues from malls and stores that had been outside their borders. Denver had to fight Lakewood and Aurora who began annexing areas that did not wish to be annexed by Denver. In 1973, a state Constitutional amendment passed that made it difficult if not virtually impossible for Denver to annex more areas.

Denver needed a modern airport. A site in Adams County was considered. Denver's Mayor Frederico Pena met with Adams County Commissioners to plan the airport together. Denver offered to pay impact and other fees. The airpot was approved by Denver County voters who reduced their past resistance to Denver's concerns.

Denver in 1983 approved a one tenth of one percent sales tax paid in seven counties for a Scientific and Cultural Facilities District. Money went to museums in other cities as well as Denver. In 1989, the region approved another one tenth of one percent sales tax for a major league baseball stadium. In 2004, the region approved a tax for regional rail and bus transit.

Youngstown suffered economically after a 1977 steel mill closed losing 5,000 jobs. More job loss followed. In 1978, Cleveland defaulted on municipal loans. Cleveland lost one fourth of its manufacturing jobs between 1979 and 1983. Over a bill dollars of economic activity left Akron during the 1980s.

Cleveland rebounded in the 1990s by attracting the Rock and roll Hall of Fame and Museum, three sports stadiums, and a new Science Center.

Several foundations raised $30 million for economic development programs in various Northeast Ohio locations. Programs for poor and underserved people were created including education, health, and social programs. Eventually $60 million was donated over a decade. A non-profit involved in technology was among the recipients. Growth was seen in electronics, new energy technology, and water technology. These donations assisted in creating 10,500 jobs and $1.9 billion in revenues.

Northeast Ohio saw alliances formed where economic, social, and cultural connections came together to supports regional growth.

Houston encourage more skilled workers, Community centers provide students help with their studies and other skills so they achieve better at school. These center provide English skills for immigrants which makes them more employable.

THe creation of innovation districts is a component of city growth. Boston, Seattle, and other cities have taken underused areas, often near waterfronts and downtowns and turned them into areas attracting innovative companies, entrepreneurs, researchers, and places where their employees live. They are provided or already have transit access. There are no established duplicable stands on creating innovative districts. Each is unique.

In a global economy, it will be where immigrants settle and international investments are made that will determine which areas get the labor and capital for economic growth. Cities will grow through networking, establishing and working towards a positive vision, and learning what it has or can create that can be a "game changer" that propels actions to sustained economic growth.
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