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A Vindication of the Rights of Woman/the Subjection of Women/2 Books in 1 [Anglais] [Broché]

Mary Wollstonecraft , John Stuart Mill
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A Vindication of the Rights of Woman A Vindication of the Rights of Woman 4.0 étoiles sur 5 (2)
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16 avril 1992
Throughout history, some books have changed the world. They have transformed the way we see ourselves - and each other. They have inspired debate, dissent, war and revolution. They have enlightened, outraged, provoked and comforted. They have enriched lives - and destroyed them. Now Penguin brings you the works of the great thinkers, pioneers, radicals and visionaries whose ideas shook civilization, and helped make us who we are.
--Ce texte fait référence à une édition épuisée ou non disponible de ce titre.

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Extrait

The Rights and Involved Duties of Mankind Considered

In the present state of society it appears necessary to go back to first principles in search of the most simple truths, and to dispute with some prevailing prejudice every inch of ground. To clear my way, I must be allowed to ask some plain questions, and the answers will probably appear as unequivocal as the axioms on which reasoning is built; though, when entangled with various motives of action, they are formally contradicted, either by the words or conduct of men.

In what does man’s pre-eminence over the brute creation consist? The answer is as clear as that a half is less than the whole, in Reason.

What acquirement exalts one being above another? Virtue, we spontaneously reply.

For what purpose were the passions implanted? That man by struggling with them might attain a degree of knowledge denied to the brutes, whispers Experience.

Consequently the perfection of our nature and capability of happiness must be estimated by the degree of reason, virtue, and knowledge, that distinguish the individual, and direct the laws which bind society: and that from the exercise of reason, knowledge and virtue naturally flow, is equally undeniable, if mankind be viewed collectively.

The rights and duties of man thus simplified, it seems almost impertinent to attempt to illustrate truths that appear so incontrovertible; yet such deeply rooted prejudices have clouded reason, and such spurious qualities have assumed the name of virtues, that it is necessary to pursue the course of reason as it has been perplexed and involved in error, by various adventitious circumstances, comparingthe simple axiom with casual deviations.

Men, in general, seem to employ their reason to justify prejudices, which they have imbibed, they can scarcely trace how, rather than to root them out. The mind must be strong that resolutely forms its own principles; for a kind of intellectual cowardice prevails which makes many men shrink from the task, or only do it by halves. Yet the imperfect conclusions thus drawn, are frequently very plausible, because they are built on partial experience, on just, though narrow, views.

Going back to first principles, vice skulks, with all its native deformity, from close investigation; but a set of shallow reasoners are always exclaiming that these arguments prove too much, and that a measure rotten at the core may be expedient. Thus expediency is continually contrasted with simple principles, till truth is lost in a mist of words, virtue, in forms, and knowledge rendered a sounding nothing, by the specious prejudices that assume its name.

That the society is formed in the wisest manner, whose constitution is founded on the nature of man, strikes, in the abstract, every thinking being so forcibly, that it looks like presumption to endeavour to bring forward proofs; though proof must be brought, or the strong hold of prescription will never be forced by reason; yet to urge prescription as an argument to justify the depriving men (or women) of their natural rights, is one of the absurd sophisms which daily insult common sense.

The civilization of the bulk of the people of Europe is very partial; nay, it may be made a question, whether they have acquired any virtues in exchange for innocence, equivalent to the misery produced by the vices that have been plastered over unsightly ignorance, and the freedom which has been bartered for splendid slavery. The desire of dazzling by riches, the most certain pre-eminence that man can obtain, the pleasure of commanding flattering sycophants, and many other complicated low calculations of doting self-love, have all contributed to overwhelm the mass of mankind, and make liberty a convenient handle for mock patriotism. For whilst rank and titles are held of the utmost importance, before which Genius “must hide its diminished head,” it is, with a few exceptions, very unfortunate for a nation when a man of abilities, without rank or property, pushes himself forward to notice. Alas! what unheard-of misery have thousands suffered to purchase a cardinal’s hat for an intriguing obscure adventurer, who longed to be ranked with princes, or lord it over them by seizing the triple crown!

--Ce texte fait référence à l'édition Broché .

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“A fascinating, and entertaining, read.”—Diva --Ce texte fait référence à l'édition Broché .

Détails sur le produit

  • Broché: 336 pages
  • Editeur : Phoenix (an Imprint of The Orion Publishing Group Ltd ); Édition : New edition (16 avril 1992)
  • Langue : Anglais
  • ISBN-10: 0460871730
  • ISBN-13: 978-0460871730
  • Dimensions du produit: 19,6 x 13 x 2,4 cm
  • Moyenne des commentaires client : 4.0 étoiles sur 5  Voir tous les commentaires (2 commentaires client)
  • Classement des meilleures ventes d'Amazon: 1.711.380 en Livres anglais et étrangers (Voir les 100 premiers en Livres anglais et étrangers)
  • Table des matières complète
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After considering the historic page, and viewing the living world with anxious solicitude, the most melancholy emotions of sorrowful indignation have depressed my spirits, and I have sighed when obliged to confess that either Nature has made a great difference between man and man, or that the civilization which has hitherto taken place in the world has been very partial. Lire la première page
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Format:Broché|Achat vérifié
Entre les ouvrages de Poulain de la Barre de la fin du XVIIIe et ceux de John Stuart Mill au XIXe, le livre de Mary Wollstonecraft est indispensable pour penser cette histoire. Sa critique de Rousseau est particulièrement subtile. Dans le siècle qui a connu Emilie du Châtelet, Laura Bassi et Marie Agnesi, parmi beaucoup d'autres femmes scientifiques, Mary Wollstonecraft montre comment la raison peut s'allier à la sensibilité pour un plaidoyer vif contre l'esclavage des femmes.
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3.0 étoiles sur 5 une femme intelligente 19 décembre 2010
Format:Broché|Achat vérifié
A son époque, il y avait beaucoup de progrès à faire. Mary pensait que l'éducation était la solution aux problèmes...
C'était certainement un passage nécessaire mais on se rend compte que malgré l'éducation, les femmes n'ont pas évoluées et qu'elles n'utilisent toujours pas la raison et qu'elles sont guidées par leurs passions.
Mary avait fait de bonnes observations qui sont toujours valables (comme quoi les humains n'ont toujours pas évolués, surtout les femmes).
Par contre Mary croyait en la vie éternelle et je ne vois pas où se situe l'utilisation de la raison pure dans ces pré-jugements. Il faut dire que cela aurait été peut-être un peu trop choquant pour une femme de son époque.
Elle oublie simplement de dire qu'il y a des hommes très bien et qui sont des modèles et pour l'humanité et pour les femmes !
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Amazon.com: 4.5 étoiles sur 5  24 commentaires
38 internautes sur 38 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 From a man's point of view 26 juin 2006
Par Rehan Dost - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format:Broché
I picked this book up in Boston waiting for my wife to order coffee and was instantly enamoured with the author's prose. At times I wondered if I was reading an essay or poetry.

Regardless, Mary Wollstonecraft summarizes the plight of women very well and the reader ( whether male or female ) gets a palpable sense of it's injustice.

She concludes that since the literate male giants like " Rousseau" bolstered the prevailing thought that men were made to reason and women to feel it is hardly suprising that women were oppressed.

From birth women, in the manor of pets, are trained in refining their "sensibilities" pursuing frivolity in "proper manners and etiquette" and stylish dress to the exclusion of cultural and intellectual development. Her only purpose to marry and become slave to the whim of her man's pleasure . Her drudgery and mindless existence is punctuated only by her childish outbursts. In such a state she is hardly capable of independent living let alone thought and utterly unfit as a mother. This state of affairs not only degrades women but men of reason and society at large since domestic affairs ultimately spill upon the fabric of society.

The baleful consequences of such forced behaviours are a romantic temperment reinforced by reading novels of the day instead of science or history the latter deemed "boring" since the women lack the capacity to understand it. Such women being deprived of intellectual stimulation focus on vanity which further corrupts their soul making them envious, bitter and mean. Any woman who dares to challenge this state of affairs is ostracized almost to the same extent as a woman who has lost her "reputation".

Mary Wollstonecraft writings are rife with social and political commentary which is refreshing. She is particularly critical of the upper class and their perpetuation of oppression.
50 internautes sur 56 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 Have we really progressed? 9 mars 2000
Par Ronald Bingham - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format:Broché
As I read this book, I find myself comparing the authors examples of the treatment of women by their fathers/husbands with the way women are today treated by the media.
Mary discusses how women are to be kept ignorant of all knowledge and only to be valued for their physical charms (almost every ad on TV/in print). The examples of her contemporaries that she quotes are frighteningly familiar.
Why is this so? Who determines that the education of females is not relevant to society. Sure they are allowed to go to school now, but they are still treated with amazing patronization and condescenscion? The amount of my (intelligent) female friends that insist they are dumb/ignorant/stupid/an idiot is disturbing. Maybe now females are allowed to learn, they should also be allowed self esteem.
I think I got sidetracked. This book is a complex and well written argument for the emancipation and education of women. It is as true today as much as it was 200 years ago. It is, however a slow read as the language is couched in the vocabulary of the late eighteenth century and many of the terms are unfamiliar.
31 internautes sur 36 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 An Anthology With Every Angle 21 avril 2003
Par S. Smeltzer - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format:Broché
This book has Wollstonecraft's A VINDICATION OF THE RIGHTS OF WOMAN and a through Background, Debate and Criticism section. This book gives one everything needed to understand Wollstonecraft's personality strenghths and weaknesses according to authors from her time; a complete debate on the subject of women's rights from multiple authors (from different time periods); and an intense review by serveral other authors (within the last 25 years) on Wollstonecraft's success/failure. Every article in the book has been published independently of this book. This work also contains several journal articles.
14 internautes sur 16 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 The times they aren't a-changin' 12 septembre 2001
Par E. J. Roberts - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format:Broché
It is interesting to teach this book and track how students respond to this book, and how differently male and female students respond to the issues Wollstonecraft raises and discusses. We contextualize the book, and then extract it from its time and place and try to place the issues in our own time and place. A lot of great questions can be raised as we contemplate how far we have and have not come, and what can or should be done about that. . .and who shall do it. It is also an arresting exercise to ask students to apply different literary theories as they discuss this text. The idea is to encourage them to step out of their own shoes and into someone else's as they consider these issues. And it gives great opportunity to ask students to try to separate themselves from their own assumptions and stereotypes about gender and gender behavior, and reassess the issues in Wollstonecraft's time and place, and in light of today's assumptions and stereotypes, which can be harder to quantify than some presume.
22 internautes sur 27 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
4.0 étoiles sur 5 FOR STUDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN FORCED TO READ THIS 3 août 2001
Par Saki - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format:Broché
If you need to read this for a college or high school class, or as part of a women's studies project that you are doing for some other purpose, then I'd like to assure you that it won't be all that painful. You may even enjoy it and wish that you'd found this book sooner, all on your own. I was only assigned to read parts of it, but I finished the book by choice.
It's interesting and well writen. Some of the language and nearly all of the issues that are brought up are inflamatory. In class discussions I compared the book to "Fight Club," and was nearly laughed out of the room, but I am at least partly serious. It does have the edge of a social visionary who wanted to shake things up and blow old fashioned society out of the water. No soap bombs, though, but that's only a technicality.
If you have any choice in the matter I would suggest that you choose this book over stuffier works by less forward thinkers. I swear that reading it won't hurt that badly.
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