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DR. GARABET K. MOUMDJIAN
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I have a chapter in this book:
12. Garabet K. Moumdjian, From Millet-i Sadika to Millet-i Asiya: Abdülhamid II and Armenians, 1878-1909,
Combining different disciplinary perspectives, War and Diplomacy argues that the key events that portended the beginning of the end of the multi-ethnic Ottoman Empire were the The Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878 and the Treaty of Berlin. The essays in this volume analyze how the war and the treaty permanently transformed the political landscape both in the Balkans and in the Caucasus. The treaty marked the end of Ottoman hegemony in the Balkans by formally recognizing the independence or de facto sovereignty of Romania, Serbia, and Montenegro, and the autonomy of Bulgaria.
By introducing the unitary nation-state as the new organizing concept, the treaty planted the seeds of future conflict, from the Balkan Wars of 1912-1913 and the First World War to the recent civil wars and ethnic cleansing in former Yugoslavia. The magnitude of the defeat of the Ottoman Empire by Russia--and eventually by the other great powers--and the human, material, and territorial losses that followed proved fatal to the project of Muslim liberal reform and modernization that the Ottoman state had launched in the middle of the 19th century.
War and Diplomacy offers the first comparative examination of the treaty and its sociopolitical implications for the Balkans and the Caucasus by utilizing the theoretical tools and approaches of political science, sociology, history, and international relations. Representing the latest scholarship in the field of study, this volume documents the proceedings of a conference on the Treaty of Berlin that was held at the University of Utah in 2010. It provides an important contribution to understanding the historical background of these
War and Diplomacy documents the proceedings of the first of three conferences:
ASIN:1607811502 War and Diplomacy: The Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878 and the Treaty of Berlin (Utah Series in Middle East Studies)(in 2010)
Balkan Wars (in 2011)
World War I (in 2012)
Proceedings of the final two conferences will also be published by the University of Utah Press.
Table of Contents:
List of Illustrations
A Note on Transliteration
Introduction: Laying the Foundations for Future Instability,M. Hakan Yavuz and Peter Sluglett
Part I. European Diplomacy and the Exclusion of the Ottoman "Other"
1. The Transformation of "Empire" through Wars and Reforms: Integration vs. Oppression, M. Hakan Yavuz
2. European Equilibrium or Asiatic Balance of Power?: The Ottoman Search for Security in the Aftermath of the Congress of Berlin, Feroze A. K. Yasamee
3. Benevolent Contempt: Bismarck's Ottoman Policy, Sean McMeekin
4. The Ottoman Eastern Question and the Problematic Origins of Modern Ethnic Cleansing, Genocide, and Humanitarian Interventionism in
Europe and the Middle East, Mujeeb R. Khan
Part II. The Emergence of the Balkan State System
5. Muslim and Orthodox Resistance against the Berlin Peace Treaty in the Balkans, Mehmet Hac'saliho'lu
6. The Establishment of Serbian Local Government in the Counties of Nis, Vranje, Toplica, and Pirot after the Congress of Berlin, Miroslav Svir'evi'
7. The Ottoman Wrong Horse?: The Question of Bosnia and Hercegovina in the Last Phase of the Eastern Crisis, Edin Radusi'
8. The Berlin Treaty, Bosnian Muslims, and Nationalism, Ayd'n Babuna
9. Agents of Post-Ottoman States: The Precariousness of the Berlin Congress Boundaries of Montenegro and How to Define/Confine People, Isa Blumi
10. A Reassessment of the Macedonian Question, 1878-1908, Gül Tokay
Part III. The Beginning of the End in Eastern Anatolia: The Massacres of Armenians
11. Patterns of Conflict and Violence in Eastern Anatolia Leading Up to the Russo-Turkish War and the Treaty of Berlin, Brad Dennis
12. From Millet-i Sadika to Millet-i Asiya: Abdülhamid II and Armenians, 1878-1909, Garabet K. Moumdjian
13. Template for Destruction: The Congress of Berlin and the Evolution of Ottoman Counterinsurgency Practices, Edward J. Erickson
14. The Hamidiye Light Cavalry Regiments: Abdülhamid II and the Eastern Anatolian Tribes, Bayram Kodaman
Part IV. Ethno-religious Cleansing and Population Transfers in the Balkans and the Caucasus
15.Ignoring the People: The Effects of the Congress of Berlin, Justin McCarthy
16. The Treaty of Berlin and the Tragedy of the Settlers from the Three Cities, Mustafa Tanr'verdi
17. Two Different Images: Bulgarian and English Sources on the Batak Massacre, Tetsuya Sahara
18. The Rhodope Resistance and Commission of 1878, Ömer Turan
Conclusion: On the Road Back from Berlin, Frederick F. Anscombe