20th Century Britain: Economic, Cultural and Social Change (Anglais) Broché – 17 mai 2007
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Description du produit
Revue de presse
Praise for the First Edition
An absorbing book .worth the attention of all those who teach and study modern British History an undergraduate and for A-level
Andrew Thorpe, University of Exeter; The History Association
Twentieth Century Britain is a fascinating study of economic, social and cultural changes in our century .it is an excellent up-to-date introduction to changing Britain.
Day by Day
I cannot praise this book highly enough for its breadth of scope and, above all, its sheer readability
Ed Dixon, History Teaching Review
"The book includes some fascinating essays. The essays on our economy pre - and post-1945 are particularly useful."
Présentation de l'éditeur
Written by leading international scholars, Twentieth Century Britain investigates key moments, themes and identities in the past century. Engaging with cutting-edge research and debate, the essays in the volume combine discussion of the major issues currently preoccupying historians of the twentieth century with clear guidance on new directions in the theories and methodologies of modern British social, cultural and economic history. Divided into three, the first section of the book addresses key concepts historians use to think about the century, notably, class, gender and national identity. Organised chronologically, the book then explores topical thematic issues, such as multicultural Britain, religion and citizenship. Representing changes in the field, some chapters represent more recent fields of historical inquiry, such as modernity and sexuality.
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Commentaires client les plus utiles sur Amazon.com
Part One, on the whole century, includes essays on the British economy; modernity and modernism; class and gender; Britain's changing position in the international economy; and war and national identity since 1914. Part Two studies themes pre-1945 - suffrage and citizenship; motoring and modernity; the First World War and its aftermath; depression and recovery; consumption, consumer credit and the diffusion of consumer durables; the role of the state: taxation, citizenship and welfare reforms; leisure; and youth.
Part Three examines themes post-1945 - managing the economy, managing the people; immigration, multiculturalism and racism; the retreat of the state in the 1980s and 1990s; trade unions' rise and decline; sexuality; poverty and social exclusion; religion and `secularization'; Britain and Europe; and education and opportunity.
The book includes some fascinating essays, but unfortunately nothing on engineering or science. The essays on our economy pre- and post-1945 are particularly useful. Christopher Price, Lecturer in Economic History at Liverpool University, shows how Britain's economy grew by 3% a year after we ended free trade in 1931 by introducing a 10% tariff (raised to 20% in 1932). Keynes had pointed out that monetary policy, for example cutting interest rates to zero, was useless in a slump. We needed to increase demand for goods and services, for instance by raising wages and investing in useful projects.
Jim Tomlinson, Professor of Modern History at Dundee University, writes, "In the 1950s ..., and for most of the 1960s, the balance of payments problem was not (as government propaganda suggested) that Britain could not sell enough abroad to pay for its imports at a full-employment level of output. Rather, the problem lay elsewhere, with the ambition of successive British governments to have a large enough surplus of exports over imports to finance the significant proportion of `defence' spending sent overseas, and in addition to allow large-scale overseas investment. It was these expenditures, plus the vulnerability of the pound to periodic crises of confidence, due to its role as an international currency, that led to the frequency of balance of payments crises. It was not, to repeat, mainly due to some fundamental problems in British international competitiveness." Then as now, overseas military spending, foreign investment and an overvalued pound harmed Britain's economy.