Between Friends (Anglais) Relié – 7 février 2013
Les clients ayant acheté cet article ont également acheté
Description du produit
Revue de presse
"There's a beautiful economy and simplicity to Oz's storytelling" (The Times)
"Oz lifts the veil on kibbutz existence without palaver. His pin-point descriptions of individuals and spaces.are pared to perfection in order to resonate. His people twitch with life" (Tom Adair Scotsman)
"Oz is a quiet, plain, compelling writer" (Alan Taylor Herald)
"Deeply affecting chamber piece." (Ben Lawrence Daily Telegraph)
Présentation de l'éditeur
'On the kibbutz it's hard to know. We're all supposed to be friends but very few really are.'
Amos Oz's compelling new fiction offers revelatory glimpses into the secrets and frustrations of the human heart, played out by a community of misfits united by political disagreement, intense dissatisfaction and lifetimes of words left unspoken.
Ariella, unhappy in love, confides in the woman whose husband she stole; Nahum, a devoted father, can't find the words to challenge his daughter's promiscuous lover; the old idealists deplore the apathy of the young, while the young are so used to kibbutz life that they can't work out if they're impassioned or indifferent. Arguments about war, government, travel and children are feverishly taken up and quickly abandoned - and amid this group of people unwilling and unable to say what they mean, Martin attempts to teach Esperanto.
At the heart of each drama is a desire to be better, more principled and worthy of the community's respect. With his trademark compassion and sharp-eyed wit, Amos Oz leaves us with the feeling that what matters most between friends is the invisible tie of our shared humanity.
By the winner of the 2013 Franz Kafka Prize, previous winners of which include Philip Roth, Ivan Klima, Elfriede Jelinek, Harold Pinter and John Banville.
Aucun appareil Kindle n'est requis. Téléchargez l'une des applis Kindle gratuites et commencez à lire les livres Kindle sur votre smartphone, tablette ou ordinateur.
Pour obtenir l'appli gratuite, saisissez votre numéro de téléphone mobile.
Détails sur le produit
Si vous vendez ce produit, souhaitez-vous suggérer des mises à jour par l'intermédiaire du support vendeur ?
Meilleurs commentaires des clients
Commentaires client les plus utiles sur Amazon.com
"The King of Norway" tells of Zvi Provizor, the kibbutz gardener who has appointed himself the bearer of bad news. He reads every paper and listens to every news broadcast, and then informs the others ("did you hear...?") of the most recent tragedies: earthquakes, plane crashes, volcanoes. Yet to Zvi this is a crutch he uses to support even the most basic conversation; he seems incapable of a relationship deeper than the latest headline:
"Never in his adult life had he touched another person intentionally, and he went rigid whenever he was touched."
In the titular "Between Friends" we agonize watching a father try to deal with the affair his young daughter is having with her teacher, who also happens to be his friend. "Father" is a gut-wrenching tale of a young boarder at the kibbutz - a Sephardic Jew unlike the other, Ashkenazi, residents - who journeys from the kibbutz to visit his institutionalized father. His visits are not considered consistent with kibbutz principles:
"Rivka said, `We have to encourage him to break off contact with [his family]. They pull him back.'
David said, `When we came to this country, we simply left our parents behind.'"
"Little Boy" is another heartrending story, this time about five-year-old Oded, an outcast bedwetter, and how the members of the kibbutz deal with him (not well, in general). Despite his problem, Oded is forced to continue to sleep in the children's dormitory - no exceptions! - and suffer the inevitable teasing. His mother maintains a strict approach, being opposed to coddling the child. Only his sympathetic father is capable of seeing things from Oded's perspective, but in the end he is powerless to raise the boy as he knows he must.
The realities of life on the kibbutzim of Israel's early days provide a relevant context; life was spartan, a radical collectivism predominated, yet the urges of individuals continued to rise. Yotam, in "Deir Ajloun," is not happy at the kibbutz and has a golden opportunity to leave to attend university in Italy, funded by his uncle, who alienated the kibbutzniks by leaving himself years before. Yotam would prefer to leave with the blessing, not the condemnation, of the others; deep down, however, he knows the principles of the kibbutz prohibit any individual activities which are not for the greater good of the collective. Nina, sympathetic to Yotam's dilemma, delivers a crucial insight:
"'In ten or twenty years,' Nina said, `the kibbutz will be a more relaxed place. Now, all the springs are tightly coiled and the entire machine is still shaking from the strain. The old-timers are actually religious people who left their old religion for a new one that's just as full of sins and transgressions, prohibitions and strict rules. They haven't stopped being true believers; they've simply exchanged one belief system for another. Marx is their Talmud. The general meeting is the synagogue and David Dagan [one of the kibbutz leaders and the teacher from "Between Friends"] is their rabbi.'"
The book closes with "Esperanto," the story of Martin Vandenberg, a radical among radicals, who wishes to teach Esperanto to the others. In Martin's view, once mankind adopts a common language "there will be no more wars." Even his students realize the naiveté of such a belief. In a symbolic representation of the future of the kibbutz movement, upon Martin's death the person closest to him realizes she knows not a single word of Esperanto.
Oz lived on a kibbutz most of his life and knows full well its strengths, weakness, foibles and peculiarities. Taken in total these stories provide an unflattering view of kibbutz life. One can admire the strength of conviction and self-sacrifice of these pioneers who were instrumental in building the State of Israel. But one can also see the seeds of the relative decline of the kibbutz as a part of Israeli life. Although there are more residents of kibbutzim now than ever (driven in part by relaxing the collective approach and allowing residents to work off of the kibbutz and keep more of their income), kibbutzniks now make up less than 2% of Israelis, less than half of what it was in the 1950s.
The book weaves in and out of the lives of the members of the kibbutz, highlighting, as it goes, the mostly negative influence of collective existence. The novel revolves around a central irony: in a community that is supposed to work together, share property, and make decisions by consensus, there is a great deal of anonymity. The "between friends" of the novel is not to be taken seriously. The jealous socialism of the kibbutz, according to Oz, did not lead to greater harmony between its members, but simmering resentments, low achievement, and a high attrition rate.
This result falls under the law of unintended consequences. A system designed to bring people together, often tore them apart.
Rechercher des articles similaires par rubrique