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The Bottom Billion: Why the Poorest Countries are Failing and What Can Be Done About It par [Collier, Paul]
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The Bottom Billion: Why the Poorest Countries are Failing and What Can Be Done About It 1 , Format Kindle

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Description du produit

Revue de presse

Fluent, thought-provoking book. (David Smith, The Observer)

Rarely can a book on this subject have been such a pleasurable read. (David Smith, The Observer)

Every politician should read this. (Simon Shaw, Irish Mail on Sunday.)

There are hundreds of books on development but none as well written and authoritative as Paul Collier's 'The Bottom Billion' (Edmund Conway, Daily Telegraph)

Every politician should read this. (Simon Shaw, Mail on Sunday)

This is a short book, but one which brilliantly challenges conventional views about development and aid. (Nick Rennison, Sunday Times)

This extraordinarily important book should be read by everyone who cares about Africa. (Max Hastings, Sunday Times)

A splendid book... rich in both analysis and recommendations... read this book. (Martin Wolf, Finacial Times)

It will change the way you look at the tragedy of persistent poverty in a world of plenty. (Martin Wolf, Financial Times)

Set to become a classic. His book should be compulsory reading for anyone embroiled in the thankless task of trying to pull people out of the pit of poverty. (The Economist)

An arresting, provocative book. If you care about the fate of the poorest people in the world, and want to understand what can be done to help them, read this book. If you don't care, read it anyway. (Tim Harford, author of 'The Undercover Economist')

Présentation de l'éditeur

In the universally acclaimed and award-winning The Bottom Billion, Paul Collier reveals that fifty failed states--home to the poorest one billion people on Earth--pose the central challenge of the developing world in the twenty-first century. The book shines much-needed light on this group of small nations, largely unnoticed by the industrialized West, that are dropping further and further behind the majority of the world's people, often falling into an absolute decline in living standards. A struggle rages within each of these nations between reformers and corrupt leaders--and the corrupt are winning. Collier analyzes the causes of failure, pointing to a set of traps that ensnare these countries, including civil war, a dependence on the extraction and export of natural resources, and bad governance. Standard solutions do not work, he writes; aid is often ineffective, and globalization can actually make matters worse, driving development to more stable nations. What the bottom billion need, Collier argues, is a bold new plan supported by the Group of Eight industrialized nations. If failed states are ever to be helped, the G8 will have to adopt preferential trade policies, new laws against corruption, new international charters, and even conduct carefully calibrated military interventions. Collier has spent a lifetime working to end global poverty. In The Bottom Billion, he offers real hope for solving one of the great humanitarian crises facing the world today.

"Set to become a classic. Crammed with statistical nuggets and common sense, his book should be compulsory reading."
--The Economist

"If Sachs seems too saintly and Easterly too cynical, then Collier is the authentic old Africa hand: he knows the terrain and has a keen ear.... If you've ever found yourself on one side or the other of those arguments--and who hasn't?--then you simply must read this book."
--Niall Ferguson, The New York Times Book Review

"Rich in both analysis and recommendations.... Read this book. You will learn much you do not know. It will also change the way you look at the tragedy of persistent poverty in a world of plenty."
--Financial Times

Détails sur le produit

  • Format : Format Kindle
  • Taille du fichier : 920 KB
  • Nombre de pages de l'édition imprimée : 224 pages
  • Editeur : Oxford University Press; Édition : 1 (25 mai 2007)
  • Vendu par : Amazon Media EU S.à r.l.
  • Langue : Anglais
  • ASIN: B000SEIU28
  • Synthèse vocale : Activée
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  • Lecteur d’écran : Pris en charge
  • Composition améliorée: Activé
  • Moyenne des commentaires client : 4.0 étoiles sur 5 1 commentaire client
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Format: Relié
Commandé dans le cadre d'etudes. Très bon livre pour comprendre l'etat ctuel de la pauvreté dans le monde (causes, consequences) et avoir une vue saine et éclairée de la situation. La fin du livre donne des pistes de réflexion pour essayer d'y mettre un terme pragmatiquement.
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Commentaires client les plus utiles sur (beta) (Peut contenir des commentaires issus du programme Early Reviewer Rewards) 4.3 étoiles sur 5 162 commentaires
2 internautes sur 2 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 Good insight into the development of nations 18 février 2016
Par Bree - Publié sur
Format: Broché Achat vérifié
I had to buy this book for class. I think that it is wonderfully written and definitely gives you insight into how undeveloped navigates and increasingly global and competitive economy. Often times the news makes is seen very black and white. If a nation would just do this it would succeed if " "if a nation would raise wages or invest in tech it would do better." The truth of the matter is, it really isn't that simple and there are a lot of factors that cause those in the "bottom billion" to struggle. This book really does highlight those issues in a way that is easy to understand, but also gets you thinking. I would recommend this book if you have any interest in international business, economics, politics or studies. It gives really good insight that may otherwise be glossed over in a class or on TV.
2 internautes sur 2 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
4.0 étoiles sur 5 Outlines a daunting problem, and suggests realistic policies for helping the desperate 10 juillet 2013
Par Chip Hunter - Publié sur
Format: Broché Achat vérifié
Billions of people stuck in severe poverty represents the most shameful aspect of the modern world. In a world of plenty, with industry and capital flow generating untold wealth and agriculture producing incredible yields capable of feeding the world with great variety, it is frustrating to know that so many of the world's people have not been reached. Across the political spectrum, all people express the desire to help bring the those living in such deplorable conditions into the world economy and into economic and nutritional security. All people are embarrassed by the world's astounding failure to have accomplished this. It is when you reach the possible solutions for helping the world's desperate that you start seeing differences, and sometimes harsh criticisms of one another. Typically, the leftward leaning are proponents of direct monetary aid, education, and health care, and tend to blame the dire straits of the poor countries on unfair treatment by governments and corporations. Meanwhile, the rightward leaning argue for stabilization via security and infrastructure development, with the goal of attracting investment by governments and corporations to spur capitalistic growth. In THE BOTTOM BILLION, Collier attempts an unbiased, strictly scientific look at the problem and proposes solutions that take a more middle-ground approach.

The first half of the book is dedicated to explaining the vicious cycles and patterns that keep the poorest countries in such bad circumstances. Collier outlines four major "traps" that tend to prohibit economic growth, including the Conflict Trap, the Natural Resources Trap, Being Landlocked, and Bad Government. The only one of these that at first seems counterintuitive is the Natural Resources Trap, but Collier explains that when protections are not in place, or irresponsible governments are in power, gluts of money from natural resources often lead to wasteful spending (or worse), and a boom and bust cycle dependent on commodities that generates instability. After becoming accustomed to large amounts of money and spending it on unnecessary projects that later become difficult to cut, the typical outcome is underinvestment in growth. The other traps are fairly straightforward and often inter-related.

While discussing the traps that keep the bottom billion down, a number of surprising conclusions were made. One involves the problem of too much aid without focus. Just giving poor countries money does not solve the problems that keep poor countries poor. At its worse, aid can become a sort of global welfare program that doesn't encourage productive, growth-oriented change. Also, democracies are not always effective at promoting positive change. Especially in countries with strong ethnic voting blocks, democracy often leads to suppression of one group as well as vote-buying by politicians. Without strong limitations on government and strong individual protections in place, democracies can actually be less effective at bringing the poorest countries out of stagnation than more authoritarian governments. Indeed, there are a myriad of factors that make it difficult to break out of the bottom billion, even with good policy. Some of these problems seem unavoidable. Investor opinion, capital flow out of poor countries, and the migration of educated workers all hamper the development of poor countries, and are all problems without easy (or maybe existing) solutions.

Collier also attempts to make a case for helping the bottom billion for our own sakes, and not just out of pity for the desperate. His intentions were to not only show the dangers of ignoring the problem (poor, desperate people may turn to violence and terrorism), but to show the benefits of incorporating more people into a common world economy. Actually putting an economic price tag on helping the bottom billion, and even stating that it may not be economically worthwhile in some cases, may seem callous at first, but it meshes with the overall tone of the book, taking an unemotional and logical look at the situation.

Besides highlighting and explaining the problems and why they are so stubborn, Collier outlines his recommendations for starting to help bring the bottom billion out of the darkness. His solutions are wide-ranging, and include increased, but targeted, aid, as well as possible military interventions to enforce security. Perhaps the biggest focus of the book revolves around creating and abiding by strong international charters. Setting guidelines for economic policy and trade practices would encourage poor countries to establish growth-oriented plans with the lure of increased partnerships with rich countries. Because real change for countries of the bottom billion must happen internally, providing incentives for good management may be our most powerful tool for helping to poorest in the world. If we can help the poorest countries focus on positive change, real long-term benefits will follow.

The biggest criticism I have for THE BOTTOM BILLION is the over-reliance on Collier's own research. Literally, he cites no studies that he or his collaborators did not conduct. At times, the book seems a bit self-aggrandizing, especially as Collier discusses his personal experiences rubbing shoulders with world leaders and reformers. While full of good and seemingly-accurate information, the book could have been improved by being more inclusive of other research and other opinions. Lastly, parts of the book read much like a scientific journal on economics, and can be a bit dry. Just be prepared for that, and I think you'll find the book meets or exceeds your expectations.
5 internautes sur 5 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
3.0 étoiles sur 5 good but a bit of a braggart 1 décembre 2010
Par tortuga - Publié sur
Format: Broché Achat vérifié
This is a very interesting book when the author focuses on the findings of his own research. That said, it is often quite annoying to read when he feels the need to go on about how remarkable his work is while beating up on various positions he attributes to the left and characterizes very simplistically. At that point he sounds self righteous. His research shows that some of the left's perspectives on issues like trade are often short sighted but that doesn't make everything that is said by development NGOs the nonsense he claims it to be. Like many economists, his "lets look at the data" attitude just makes him sound holier than though. A less polemical tone, a bit of humility about what his research does, and does not show would go a long way.It does not show that all the criticisms of free trade are wrong, for example, it merely shows they need to be more careful. When he provides statistics he is convincing, but when he just offers ad hominem attacks and nasty asides, he is much less so. As long as you keep an eye out for Professor Collier's own biases and pet ideas, you may find this a stimulating balance to anti-globalization arguments.
8 internautes sur 9 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
1.0 étoiles sur 5 A disappointment 13 octobre 2015
Par littleredrascal - Publié sur
Format: Broché Achat vérifié
This book has been recommended by many professors I've had and was finally required reading this semester. I was interested to see what he had to say.

Unfortunately, I did find him to have a very narrow view of the world and his writing style was incredibly patronizing.

He doesn't want to list the countries he considers in the "bottom billion" because it often leads to self-fulfilling prophecies, but then he begins referring to them as "Africa+" a few pages later. He admits that there are countries in Africa that are developing and don't fit his model, he pushes his view that it is Africa that is falling behind; it is Africa that has all the problems.

Nigerian frustration with IMF/World Bank policies is written off as ignorance. the Central African Republic wanting to be more like Burkina Faso, instead of naming a country that fits Collier's expectation of a success is "depressing".

While Burkina Faso is hardly a paragon of economic success, it should not be so surprising that the Central African Republic would consider first those countries that they perhaps identify with.

On the whole, this was a very disappointing read, given how often it has been recommended.
1 internautes sur 1 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 Incredibly important book, only one minor addition 26 janvier 2014
Par DavidMills - Publié sur
Format: Broché Achat vérifié
A summary of a number of landmark statistical studies of the questions you really need the answers to in today's world: Are the poorest 1 billion people in the world actually falling deeper into poverty (yes), why, and what can be done about it. He applies rigorous statistics to determine in what circumstances financial aid is helpful, when technical aid should be provided instead, the best times to intervene and with what. For example, DO focus interventions when a change of government has occurred, the new government is maximally predisposed to accept change, and without intervention, the country is very likely to fall back into war or instability. Provide a direct military presence (peacekeeping troops who WILL fight if necessary) to prevent a repeat of a coup and to allow the new leaders to NOT spend a lot of money giving aid to their own military in a (often) futile attempt to bribe it into not backing another coup, and/or to allow the losers in a civil war to feel safer from the winners.
He gives a very concrete set of recommendations both for the G8 countries and for individual donors to consider. The only criticism I have is that he does not take into account the ways in which new technology (e.g., mobile phones) can bypass corrupt systems and allow development in countries such as Nigeria -- where they have contributed directly to a sizable fraction of the growth in the economy.
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