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Comparative Osteology: A Laboratory and Field Guide of Common North American Animals (Anglais) Couverture à spirales – 22 novembre 2011
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Description du produit
Revue de presse
"A fun online portion of a larger textbook, this site of comparative osteology shows hips and shoulders and thighs and shins and more from all sorts of animals: bear, deer, dog, opossum-all helpfully showcased alongside the human equivalent… Intended as a field guide for forensic scientists to help police crime scene investigators figure out what is human and what isn’t, the photos are just as useful for figuring out what, exactly, the dog has got in his mouth." --SmithsonianMag.com, March 2013
"At long last we now have a well illustrated, comprehensive photographic guide to distinguish human skeletal remains from a wide range of common animal species. Most previous guides to determine whether a bone was human or animal illustrated a very small number of non-human species. This atlas also illustrates a range of butchery marks and includes prehistoric (stone tools) and historic (metal cleavers, saws and knife marks) found on bones. In addition, Adams and Crabtree illustrate both adult and juvenile animal bones as well as adult and sub-adult human bones. This book is a must for the library of all osteologists or biological scientists called upon to identify human and non-human skeletal remains." --William Bass, Retired, Emeritus Professor of Anthropology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Présentation de l'éditeur
In the forensic context it is quite common for nonhuman bones to be confused with human remains and end up in the medical examiner or coroner system. It is also quite common for skeletal remains (both human and nonhuman) to be discovered in archaeological contexts. While the difference between human and nonhuman bones is often very striking, it can also be quite subtle. Fragmentation only compounds the problem. The ability to differentiate between human and nonhuman bones is dependent on the training of the analyst and the available reference and/or comparative material.
Comparative Osteology is a photographic atlas of common North American animal bones designed for use as a laboratory and field guide by the forensic scientist or archaeologist. The intent of the guide is not to be inclusive of all animals, but rather to present some of the most common species which also have the highest likelihood of being potentially confused with human remains.
- An affordably priced, compact laboratory/field manual, comparing human and nonhuman bones
- Contains almost 600 high-quality black and white images and diagrams, including inch and centimeter scales with each photograph
- Written by the foremost forensic scientists with decades of experience in the laboratory and as expert witnesses
- An additional Companion Web site hosts images from the volume the reader can magnify and zoom into to see specific landmarks and features on bones http://booksite.academicpress.com/9780123884374
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Commentaires client les plus utiles sur Amazon.com
Personally, I never used the book and thought it was a complete waste of money. Of course, I had ample bones at the lab to compare carnivore/herbivore species and we had access to a sleuth of animal osteology plates that were of immense value. That said, I sat down with this book, again, after the course and tried to see how this book could be of value.
The book has miniscule reading, so do not expect in-depth knowledge of bone structures, etc. The reading is at the first chapter, which educates you with bare-minimum terminology and a very concise section on fauna bones in the archeological/forensic context. After that, the rest of the book is simply a photo atlas, peppered with tidbits of info under some bone figures (there is some minor reading at the end dealing with butchery/bone working). Is the "photo atlas" of value? It depends. The book does have lots of black & white photos of animal bones, and for being primarily a photo book, the photos could have been a lot better. The book has nice glossy pages, but many of the photographs seem poorly dithered and don't take advantage of the full page, as many are simply centered in the middle. The majority of the photos are from cranial and caudal perspectives; it doesn't give you dorsal or ventral views of proximal or distal features <--This is VERY important since the majority of the fauna bones preserved in archaeological sites are of hard bones: proximal heads, distal condyles, etc. In fact, many of the real animal bones used in our weekly quizzes were of whole/partial parts of condyles and heads, that we had to identify, including its anatomical position. The book was useless in this area. Will this book help the "average Joe" to identify bones he discovered in the woods? Maybe. Maybe not.
The book is quite large (450+ pages) to be a literal "field guide" that you will tug around in the field. I think that the value one can obtain from this book is that it is a simple desktop reference guide. I think it is a valuable "refresher" reference guide for those who already are familiar with animal osteology. The photos will trigger much of the stuff you learned in lab. The book is not a definitive source nor meant to be a training guide for fauna osteology. It is simply a comparative photo atlas.
The book doesn't include different stages of bones (e.g. baby deer bones, toddler deer bones, adult deer bones, senior deer bones), although in some rare cases it will show 'infant' bones for a particular species. There are other factors the book doesn't encapsulate, but it would be senseless to list them all. If you are truly looking for a definitive source to animal bones, it doesn't exist, but you can start assimilating your own from photographs and other academic sources on the web. You can also build a collection that shows you different levels of weathered bones, burned bones, bones chewed/consumed by other animals, etc. Keep your collection digital so that it can be accessed via a tablet or other electronic device on or off the field.
Keep in mind this book is for "common" North American mammals. It would be useless for the zooarchaeologist looking to identify South American or African mammals. The book has value as a refresher reference guide for those who had the opportunity to work with bones in the lab or other means. The book is a tool, but an incomplete tool.