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The Digital Person: Technology and Privacy in the Information Age par [Solove, Daniel J]
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The Digital Person: Technology and Privacy in the Information Age Format Kindle

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Description du produit

From Publishers Weekly

When one surveys the myriad ways that personal information can be snatched from individuals through electronic means, it’s easy to feel gloomy about the prospects for privacy in the Information Age—which is why this book is so refreshing. Although it sometimes reads like a legal brief—author Solove (Information Privacy Law) is an associate law professor at George Washington University Law School—it offers insights into the current state of privacy in America and some intriguing prescriptions for altering that state of affairs. Contrary to popular notions that "Big Brother" is destroying privacy, Solove argues that the withering of privacy can, in large measure, be attributed to indifference. "The privacy problem created by the use of databases stems from an often careless and unconcerned bureaucratic process," he writes, "one that has little judgment or accountability.... We are not just heading toward a world of Big Brother, but to a world that is beginning to resemble Kafka’s vision in The Trial." Solove contends that existing methods for protecting privacy fail to fulfill their purpose because they depend on individuals remedying situations that they don’t even know exist. Solove’s call for systematic change is compelling, as are his ideas for revamping society’s information-gathering architecture. "Changing our relationships with bureaucracies can’t be achieved through isolated lawsuits," he argues. "We need a regulatory system, akin to the ones we have in place regulating our food, environment, and financial institutions." Anyone concerned with preserving privacy against technology’s growing intrusiveness will find this book enlightening.
Copyright © Reed Business Information, a division of Reed Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Présentation de l'éditeur

Seven days a week, twenty-four hours a day, electronic databases are compiling information about you. As you surf the Internet, an unprecedented amount of your personal information is being recorded and preserved forever in the digital minds of computers. For each individual, these databases create a profile of activities, interests, and preferences used to investigate backgrounds, check credit, market products, and make a wide variety of decisions affecting our lives. The creation and use of these databases—which Daniel J. Solove calls “digital dossiers”—has thus far gone largely unchecked. In this startling account of new technologies for gathering and using personal data, Solove explains why digital dossiers pose a grave threat to our privacy.

The Digital Person sets forth a new understanding of what privacy is, one that is appropriate for the new challenges of the Information Age. Solove recommends how the law can be reformed to simultaneously protect our privacy and allow us to enjoy the benefits of our increasingly digital world.

The first volume in the series EX MACHINA: LAW, TECHNOLOGY, AND SOCIETY


Détails sur le produit

  • Format : Format Kindle
  • Taille du fichier : 914 KB
  • Nombre de pages de l'édition imprimée : 296 pages
  • Editeur : NYU Press (1 décembre 2004)
  • Vendu par : Amazon Media EU S.à r.l.
  • Langue : Anglais
  • ASIN: B0028MVGUG
  • Synthèse vocale : Activée
  • X-Ray :
  • Word Wise: Activé
  • Lecteur d’écran : Pris en charge
  • Composition améliorée: Activé
  • Moyenne des commentaires client : 3.0 étoiles sur 5 1 commentaire client
  • Classement des meilleures ventes d'Amazon: n°785.495 dans la Boutique Kindle (Voir le Top 100 dans la Boutique Kindle)
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Par Jean-paul Lacharme TOP 500 COMMENTATEURSMEMBRE DU CLUB DES TESTEURS le 20 novembre 2009
Format: Broché
Ce livre est une bonne référence (éditée en 2004) sur le droit à la protection de la vie privée (privacy) menacée par la technologie à l'ère numérique. Il développe pour cela deux métaphores assez souvent utilisées dans ce genre d'approche : celle du Big Brother du roman de George Orwell (1984) et celle du procès de Joseph K. (F. Kafka). La vision de l'auteur est celle d'un juriste, pas celle d'un spécialiste de la technologie d'Internet. Néanmoins, la présentation des mécanismes d'acquisition et d'agrégation des données privées par l'État et par les sociétés privées ainsi que les transfert d'un secteur vers l'autre sont assez détaillés. L'environnement étudié est strictement celui de la société américaine contemporaine : on ne pourra savoir de quelle façon le paysage français en diffère. La dernière partie de l'ouvrage porte plus particulièrement sur le fichage mis en place aux États-Unis depuis le 11 septembre 2001. Bien qu'une certaine inquiétude transparait dans le discours de l'auteur, celui-ci semble postuler implicitement que, malgré ses excès, le gouvernement américain n'est pas fondamentalement mauvais. On aimerait bien le croire. Une absence importante dans ce livre, celle des méthodes de protection contre l'invasion de la vie privée par l'état policier : cryptographie et stéganographie, la première étant juste citée au cours d'une phrase ou deux.
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Amazon.com: 4.3 étoiles sur 5 15 commentaires
5 internautes sur 5 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 Super on Law and Accountability, Read with "The Transparent Society" 8 juillet 2006
Par Robert David STEELE Vivas - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Relié Achat vérifié
There are some great reviews below, so I will not repeat them. Amazon is getting to the point now where it is almost essential to read all of the reviews as a pre-cursor to buying and reading the book.

This book was instrumental, after I bought it, in pointing me to the preceding work by David Brin, "The Transparent Society," and I found it useful to read that book first.

The two key points in this book that make it a notable contribution are:

1. Best available review of applicable laws; and

2. Superb expansive discussion of privacy violation that emerge not just for deliberate abuse and invasion, but from "careless unconcerned bureaucracies" with little judgement or accountability.

IDEA for Amazon: connect with the Institute of Scientific Information, and start showing us new books that cite existing books. I would love to be able to "fast forward" from this book to the "best in class" books that cite this book so that I could buy the best most recent book (I buy and read in threes on most topics). Amazon has become a major intellectual force, and is my starting point for every issue (Google is for fast looks, Amazon is for deep looks; I hope that one day they merge with Wikipedia).
4.0 étoiles sur 5 good, but a bit paranoid and with funky language 10 février 2008
Par butabara - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Broché Achat vérifié
This book brings up some great points about privacy in an increasingly digital age, but solove latches onto the term "dossier" which is accurate but rubbed me the wrong way. Maybe because it suggests that companies are compiling information on inviduals for reasons duplicitous, when really the motivation is to make money ... often less emotional.

Also, Solove is extremely paranoid about "databases". True, databases make information storage and retrieval efficient and the proliferation of affordable storage means companies can collect more and more, thus making more and more dollars and contributing to the problem.

The issue here really is the companies that hold this data ... and the fact that individuals have no real way to audit the information they hold. That would be a solution worth pursuing. Databases are here to stay, like them or not.
3 internautes sur 4 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
4.0 étoiles sur 5 "Purposely Not Taught Outside of Law School- its Big Money!" 24 février 2006
Par Russell A. Rohde MD - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Relié Achat vérifié
"The Digital Person: Technology & Privacy in the Information Age," Daniel Solove, NY, NYUniv. Press, 2004 ISBN: 0-8147-9846-2, HC, 228/283 (Notes 37 pg., Index 16 pg.), 9 1/4" x 6 1/8"

Assoc. Prof. of Law & author of "Information Privacy Law", Solove thoroughly covers the history, current status & provides some law recommendations for coping better with rapidly changing practices of information gathering, its useage & its intrusions into our privacy.

Historically traceable, perhaps, to 1st U.S. census asking 4 questions in 1790, & hundreds of queries by 1890 including those on disease, infirmities & wages, data sorting was processed by punch card readers (forerunner of IBM). The "New Deal" Social Security System of 1935 assigned 9-digit U.S. citizen identifier numbers (SSNs) & useage of SSNs popularized with computerization in 1960's by both private & governmental (city/state/federal) sectors but provoked early concerns on privacy invasions.

Noting 'information breeds information', data analysis & number crunching fostered creation of 'digital dossiers' on millions of citizens via accumulation/assemblage of 'bits of information' from private, public & governmental sources. The privacy invasion affects our freedom, diminishes our power & allows for abuses including identity theft, blacklisting, profiling, self-incrimination & serious data errors (the latter which may be impossible to exterpate). Databases, some 2000 at federal level, are valuable comodities bought, sold, & traded between the private, public & governmental sectors including DMV, SS, PE's credit-card issuers, banks, websites, employers, etc. for spying, credit checks, targeted marketing, & diverse legal/illegal purposes, etc. Several paradigms including "Big Brother" of "1984" are discussed in detail.

Solove discusses stealth data collections relative to the 1st, 4th & 5th Ammendments, providing ample case law citations & recommendations for reducing one's own vulnerability to identify theft, & he confides of perceived, needed changes in current laws. An important read (not overtly technical but perhaps wordy or repetitious in sections) about what appears purposely not taught ouside of law school. This week several states announced that video (CCTV) surveillance of all business will be mandated - with specific mention of City of Santa Monica amongst the first & some vague rumors that CCTV may be proposed for all dwellings.
1 internautes sur 1 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
3.0 étoiles sur 5 Informative but not pleasureable reading 29 juin 2008
Par COSMO BAKER - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Broché Achat vérifié
Very informative, extensively researched, well cited... not fun to read. I would describe it as text book reading. Solove spends pages and pages citing examples of each topic. If you're interested in databases and the privacy implications of data collection this book will tell you everything you want to know and more... but if you want a pleasurable read I would NOT suggest this book.
18 internautes sur 18 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 Are You Really What You Eat, Drink and Drive? 13 septembre 2005
Par Christopher Byrne - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Relié
How many times have we heard the expression that "you are what you eat"? But what if that were extended to what you drive, what you read, where you work, what you spend, and much more. What if this information was being gathered by unknown people for uncertain purposes in digital format, would this "digital dossier", which might be used to make decisions about you, be accurate? Well they do exist and are assembled and used by people and groups that you may not even know about, even though the use may have a direct impact on your life.

So you might then ask if existing legal frameworks provide any protection or recourse to keep a handle on the information? In The Digital Person: Technology and Privacy in the Information Age (2004, New York University Press, 282 Pages, ISBN 0814798462), George Washington University Law Professor and privacy law expert Daniel J. Solove weaves history, legal precedents, changes in society/technology, and discussions of practical business/marketing into a narrative that is not only easy to read and understand, but one that must be read by anybody who wants to discuss and understand privacy in a meaningful way.

Solove, who also co-authored Information Privacy Law in 2003, starts out by laying the groundwork for the privacy discussion. He outlines how information databases came to be and how they have evolved. He then provides the basis for the metaphor he wants to present, showing that it is not the Orwellian world of 1984 we need to fear, but the world imagined by Kafka in The Trial that should be of concern to individuals. Having never read The Trial, I found this discussion to be fascinating and in some ways changed some of my thoughts on the issue, while reenforcing others.

The meat of the book, which is built on his metaphor, is that current privacy laws in the United States have not kept up with technology, and that unless they are changed, individuals will continue to be helpless in controlling their information (which may or may not be private). As he points out, consumers are always at the wrong end of one-sided contracts when it comes to information surrounding their information. Acknowledging that the information genie is indeed out of the bottle, Solove hones in on discussions about what the laws need to address, but how this may not be so easy. The key is defining what is meant by "Secrecy" and "embarrassment". Also key is that the risks we face, given that so much of our lives is already catalogued, are the result of indifference or mistakes on the part of the people who hold the data. It is also the fact that this indifference and chances for error are magnified because there is no market or economic incentive for companies to have privacy policies that work for the consumer and have some teeth.

He develops a framework for legal changes that centers on the 4th and 5th amendments of the constitution, providing examples how in some areas the courts have evolved as technologies change. But part of the challenge, as he points out, is the patchwork of laws in the United States that conflict, overlap, and in sone case are too inclusive in their implementation.

It is unclear from this book how the changes he proposes can be accomplished. Consumers are not united enough and do not have deep enough pockets to fight for the change. If the book has only one shortcoming, it would in my opinion be lack of discussion of this imbalance. In light of this, it only rates 5 stars instead of 5++.

Who Should Read This Book?

This book should be read by anybody who wants to gain a solid foundation to understand and discuss privacy issues in a meaningful manner.

The Scorecard

A Double Eagle on a long Par 5 playing into the wind.
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