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Dirt: The Erosion of Civilizations par [Montgomery, David R.]
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Dirt: The Erosion of Civilizations Format Kindle

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Longueur : 306 pages Composition améliorée: Activé Page Flip: Activé
Langue : Anglais

Descriptions du produit

Présentation de l'éditeur

Dirt, soil, call it what you want—it's everywhere we go. It is the root of our existence, supporting our feet, our farms, our cities. This fascinating yet disquieting book finds, however, that we are running out of dirt, and it's no laughing matter. An engaging natural and cultural history of soil that sweeps from ancient civilizations to modern times, Dirt: The Erosion of Civilizations explores the compelling idea that we are—and have long been—using up Earth's soil. Once bare of protective vegetation and exposed to wind and rain, cultivated soils erode bit by bit, slowly enough to be ignored in a single lifetime but fast enough over centuries to limit the lifespan of civilizations. A rich mix of history, archaeology and geology, Dirt traces the role of soil use and abuse in the history of Mesopotamia, Ancient Greece, the Roman Empire, China, European colonialism, Central America, and the American push westward. We see how soil has shaped us and we have shaped soil—as society after society has risen, prospered, and plowed through a natural endowment of fertile dirt. David R. Montgomery sees in the recent rise of organic and no-till farming the hope for a new agricultural revolution that might help us avoid the fate of previous civilizations.

Détails sur le produit

  • Format : Format Kindle
  • Taille du fichier : 3260 KB
  • Nombre de pages de l'édition imprimée : 306 pages
  • Editeur : University of California Press; Édition : 2 (10 avril 2012)
  • Vendu par : Amazon Media EU S.à r.l.
  • Langue : Anglais
  • ASIN: B007V2D4JO
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  • Composition améliorée: Activé
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Commentaires client les plus utiles sur (beta) HASH(0x92ee4558) étoiles sur 5 34 commentaires
22 internautes sur 23 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
HASH(0x9183b1b0) étoiles sur 5 The life you save may be your own 7 décembre 2012
Par Michael Brown - Publié sur
Format: Broché
This is an excellent overview of soil formation and the cultural and ecological ramifications of its degradation and loss. One might say it is a cultural study of soil, rather than a scientific publication. Unlike other books about soil generation and degradation there are not the seemingly requisite pages of diagrams and chemical equations that would be found among publications by and for soil biologists. This is a very interesting and engaging book, with a really helpful survey of multiple cultures through time and does not read like yet another 'cautionary tale' of how everything will be destroyed within the next five years so it is time to start living off the grid and await the Great Collapse. That being said, the author as a scientist makes real cogent arguments and draws upon history to show how those who ignored or abused their soil, often simply by being unaware or unable to perceive and change their cultivation practices, often fell into decline, obscurity or ultimately effective disappearance.
19 internautes sur 20 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
HASH(0x9183b204) étoiles sur 5 Surfing the Waves of Time with Soils and Men 12 mars 2013
Par MollyM/CA - Publié sur
Format: Broché
If this terrific tale of soil and civilization were a novel, it would be one of the most enthralling I've ever read. But it's not a novel --it's a multifaceted study of the soils that support and nourishes us -- what it is, how we use and abuse it, where civilizations that threw it away went, how the very landscape was changed by them. Montgomery makes the waves of civilization and soils, populations and soils, as vivid as a Hollywood extravaganza; makes vast landscapes and histories from beyond the edge of human time come alive. An hour with the book and I'm wobbly from surfing the waves of history and prehistory, rising and falling with soils and the civilizations that destroyed them.

Nicely illustrated with drawings from the periods under discussion but I wish the publisher had been generous enough to allow the author to add photos, maps, graphs, timelines, to make the visions the story evokes more concrete and accurate.

A good book to give a gardener, a plant ecologist (like me -- and I wish I'd had a course built around this book when I was in school!), a farmer, a cook, and I only wish that every lawmaker and ag-associated bureaucrat could be made to read it.

Rhonda of the Mountain
22 internautes sur 24 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
HASH(0x9183b63c) étoiles sur 5 More Precious Than Gold 9 mars 2013
Par Houyhnhnm - Publié sur
Format: Broché
I wish I could give David Montgomery's _Dirt_ six stars. Without vilifying mankind, Montgomery traces our mistreatment of arable land from the beginning of agriculture in Neolithic times through great civilizations and some minor ones, taking us right up to modern times. He details how population pressures and other factors caused and continue to cause the depletion of topsoil.

As well as being informative, _Dirt_ contains some of the most effective writing I've read in years, and I say that as someone who teaches academic writing. While this book contains a good many unpleasant truths, Montgomery's highly readable prose encouraged me to turn pages. For example, Montgomery's use of vivid images removes the dry abstraction from statistical information. This is from page four: "Each year, America's farms shed enough soil to fill a pickup truck for every family in the country. . . . An estimated twenty-four billion tons of soil are lost annually around the world--several tons for each person on the planet." He also captures complex generalities in concise, direct language. Here, he's talking about the effect of a growing population on late Medieval Europe: "An increasing demand for crops meant less pasture, little overwinter animal fodder, and not enough manure to sustain soil fertility" (93).

Page after page, across time and continents, Montgomery documents mankind's devastating use and misuse of dirt. Even his plain, slightly vulgar title is beautifully chosen. He more than proves that dirt, far from being cheap, is more precious than gold. I'm tempted to say the same about _Dirt_.
17 internautes sur 18 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
HASH(0x9183ba08) étoiles sur 5 superb, thought-provoking take on history 8 avril 2013
Par John Q Public - Publié sur
Format: Broché
A history of the rise and fall of civilizations through the gritty lens of how soil is treated....brilliant! A very insightful, thought-provoking new angle of historic analysis. But, it is a more comfortable and entertaining (read: 'less stuffy') than most academic/historical studies. Well-researched and deeply considered, yet written for a somewhat wider audience than the academic world, Montgomery's excellent study finds the sweet spot between an informative read and an entertaining read. Highly highly anyone with a curious mind.
3 internautes sur 3 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
HASH(0x9183baec) étoiles sur 5 Dirt, soil, is what sustains our life; it's eroding into the oceans at an alarming rate. 31 juillet 2014
Par Orange_Persimmon - Publié sur
Format: Broché Achat vérifié
This is the dirt (the scoop) all right. It is a highly important book. Every policy maker in Washington and all the world's capitals should read it. This book gives a side of history that has been left out of the usual history books. And that is really too bad. This information needs to become widely known.There are a variety of eye-openers here, about numerous periods of history. This book not only teaches about agriculture and the misuse of land and soil, it also reveals a side of colonialism we usually do not think about. This colonialism has not yet completely disappeared.

From another perspective: Never before have I appreciated the "humble" earthworm so much as I have since reading it. I never knew about rock weathering and the fact that earthworms literally create soil from rocks. We should bow down to earthworms. They make it possible for us to eat and live.

The writing style is easily read. Yet emotionally, I find it hard to read more than one chapter at a time. I seem to need rest between them. They are very filling.
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