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How Children Succeed- (Anglais) Broché – 10 janvier 2013

4.3 étoiles sur 5 3 commentaires client

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Broché, 10 janvier 2013
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Descriptions du produit

Revue de presse

"I wish I could take this compact, powerful, clear-eyed, beautifully written book and put it in the hands of every parent, teacher and politician. At its core is a notion that is electrifying in its originality and its optimism: that character – not cognition – is central to success, and that character can be taught. How Children Succeed will change the way you think about children. But more than that: it will fill you with a sense of what could be." (Alex Kotlowitz, author of There Are No Children Here)

"Every parent should read this book – and every policymaker, too." (Charles Duhigg, author of The Power of Habit)

"A timely and essential message … a brilliantly readable account of the growing evidence that inner resources count more than any amount of extra teaching support or after-school programmes when it comes to overcoming education disadvantage" (Independent)

"Absorbing and important." (New York Times)

Présentation de l'éditeur

11+, GCSEs, A levels – it sometimes seems like the story of our children's lives is of one academic test after another. We're convinced that a good performance in these exams will lead to success later on in life. But what if we're wrong?

In fact, studies are increasingly showing that the qualities most likely to ensure a better degree, a better job and, ultimately, a more fulfilling life are perseverance, curiosity, conscientiousness, optimism, and self-control. These are qualities known to economists as 'non-cognitive', to psychologists as 'personality traits' but to the rest of us as 'character'.

How Children Succeed introduces us to a new generation of researchers and educators who are using the tools of science to peel back the mysteries of character. Through their stories – and the stories of the children they are trying to help – acclaimed journalist Paul Tough traces the links between childhood stress, childhood cosseting, and life success. He uncovers the surprising ways in which parents prepare – or fail to prepare – their children for adulthood. And he provides new insights into the best ways to help children growing up in poverty.

Early adversity, scientists have come to understand, not only physically affects children’s lives, it can also alter the neurological development of their brains. But now educators and doctors are using that knowledge to develop innovative interventions that allow children to overcome the constraints of poverty. And with the help of these new strategies, as Tough’s eye-opening reporting makes clear, even children who grow up in the most painful circumstances can go on to achieve amazing things.

This is a provocative and profoundly hopeful book that will change the way you think about raising and educating children.

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Format: Relié
*A full executive summary of this book will be available at the website newbooksinbrief dot wordpress dot com, on or before Monday September 17.

When it comes to a child's future success, the prevailing view recently has been that it depends, first and foremost, on mental skills like verbal ability, mathematical ability, and the ability to detect patterns--all of the skills, in short, that lead to a hefty IQ. However, recent evidence from a host of academic fields--from psychology, to economics, to education, to neuroscience--has revealed that there is in fact another ingredient that contributes to success even more so than a high IQ and impressive cognitive skills. This factor includes the non-cognitive qualities of perseverance, conscientiousness, optimism, curiosity and self-discipline--all of which can be included under the general category of `character'. In his new book `How Children Succeed: Grit, Curiosity and the Hidden Power of Character' writer Paul Tough explores the science behind these findings, and also tracks several alternative schools, education programs and outreach projects that have tried to implement the lessons--as well as the successes and challenges that they have experienced.

To begin with, Tough establishes how study after study has now shown that while IQ and scores on standardized tests are certainly highly correlated with academic and future success, that non-cognitive characteristics actually predict success better than cognitive excellence. For instance, the psychologist Angela Duckworth has found that students' scores on self-discipline tests predict their GPA better than their IQ score.
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C'est un excellent livre ou il présente comment les enfants peuvent apprendre et developper certains attitudes qui leur permet de poursuivre une vie epanuissante.
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Intéressant quant au principe de l'éducation devant aussi prendre en compte le développement du caractère de l'enfant ; par moments des digressions et enquêtes un peu touffues.
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Commentaires client les plus utiles sur Amazon.com (beta)

Amazon.com: 4.4 étoiles sur 5 827 commentaires
363 internautes sur 378 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 The power of early parenting, environment in cyclical poverty 11 septembre 2012
Par Graham Scharf - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Relié Achat vérifié
Following the footsteps of Jonathan Kozol, Paul Tough employs his significant storytelling abilities to help readers see and feel the plight of children, families and communities trapped in cycles of failure and poverty. How Children Succeed challenges some conventional wisdom on causes of failure (poverty, teacher quality) and contends that nurturing character in children and young adults is the key to success. As a former NYC Teaching Fellow who has lived and worked in multiple communities of cyclical poverty, I'm convinced that Tough has nailed some critical pieces of breaking those cycles.

Here is the argument in brief:
There exists in our society a troubling and growing achievement gap between the have and the have-nots. The cause of that gap is neither merely poverty nor IQ, but a specific set of non-cognitive skills including executive function and conscientiousness, which Tough calls "character." Children who acquire these skills can break historic cyclical patterns of failure.

Malleability of Character and Intelligence
Whereas IQ is hardly malleable, executive function and character strengths - specifically grit, self-control, zest, social intelligence, gratitude, optimism, curiosity and conscientiousness - are far more malleable. These skills are better predictors of academic performance and educational achievement than IQ and therefore ought to be the direct target of interventions.

Attachment and Lifelong Health
Tough sees two key areas of influence for those who care for those trapped in cycles of poverty. The first is secure early attachment to parents. "The effect of good parenting is not just emotional or psychological, the neuroscientists say; it is biochemical" (28). Specifically, children who experience high levels of stress but NOT responsive and nurturing parents suffer from a range of lifelong health and mental health issues. However, "When mothers scored high on measures of responsiveness, the impact of those environmental factors on their children seemed to almost disappear" (32). Tough cites one study in which "early parental care predicted which students would graduate even more reliably than IQ or achievement test scores" (36). Importantly, interventions that focus on promoting stronger parent-child relationships in high risk groups (including one in which just 1 of 137 infants studied demonstrated secure attachment at the outset) have shown promising impact. Of the 137 children in the study, 61% of those in the treatment group formed secure attachment by age 2, compared with only 2% of the control group.

Adolescent Character Formation
Paul Tough highlights the work of school and support programs that intentionally focus on forming the character strength habits that enable children to learn well in schools, form healthy relationships, and avoid the destructive decisions and behavior patterns modeled in their communities. Here, too, Tough sees a ray of hope. Just as early intervention with parents and young children yields wide ranging benefits for families in poverty, so character interventions in adolescence can and do enable young adults surrounded by cycles of poverty to learn self-control, perseverance and focus that are critical for escaping the gravitational pull of their communities.

Why You Should Read This Book
Paul Tough is tackling one of the most challenging - and contentious - issues of our time. His analysis will offend those who tend to blame poverty predominantly on the irresponsible choices of the poor by showing just how powerful the cyclical, environmental pressures are on children raised in these communities. His work is just as challenging to those who think that those trapped in cycles of poverty are mere victims of their environment who bear no responsibility for their decisions. Tough shows compellingly that parents and children in poverty can and do overcome the powerful environmental forces of their communities - and that this is a beautiful and essential component of breaking cyclical poverty. His call is for those with education and influence - the kinds of people who read books like his - to demonstrate motivation and volition (two components of character formation he extols) to recognize, celebrate, and nurture the character of children and families in poverty.

Graham Scharf
Author, The Apprenticeship of Being Human: Why Early Childhood Parenting Matters to Everyone
3 internautes sur 3 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
3.0 étoiles sur 5 Not very structured. 11 septembre 2015
Par ewias - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Relié Achat vérifié
The pros of this book is that it is full of researched based analysis and he does well in highlighting anecdotal versus research data. Another plus is that a lay person gets an idea of the difficulties of educating a traumatized and poor population in the United States. His story telling makes for an easy read, which could have easily turned into a dissertation.

So for the cons and the reason for the three stars. Overall, there was no discernible path in his writing that the reader could follow. There was no summary of his findings. There were no assessment to his data points. There were no practical implementation strategies that were presented that someone could use as a basis for implementation. It was just his research with the summary more of a public policy stance. At the end we find out that he dropped out of college which he admittedly stated he struggled with as he wrote the book. Strikingly, the problems that I found in his writing are basic research methodology 101. I wonder had he had the character (Oh yes I did) to finish college would he had more of a finished product.

I have to end like this. If your wondering, yes the book highlights how important character is to the success of an individual. Especially an individual that is underprivileged.
3 internautes sur 3 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 Rethinking what's Important 25 janvier 2016
Par Steve Berczuk - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Broché Achat vérifié
When listening to news coverage of education reform and talking to parents and teachers one hears a variety of views about what "The Best" approach to education is. Reading How Children Succeed led me to reconsider may of my preconceptions about what's best for kids, and along the way I learned a few things that I can use to help the people I work with succeed.

The argument is that these "non-cognitive" or "character skills" -- things like grit, resilience, and resourcefulness, are often a better predictor of eventually success than mastery of academic skills. These non-cognitive skills are not all one needs, but they seem to be the least discussed ones. This is a great book for parents to read, in particular if you are inclined to get into discussions about education policy with your peers. I won't assert that this book will make you a expert, but it should lead to some interesting dialogs (internal and external) which will help you reconsider any idea you had that what worked for you in school was that right thing for your children.
11 internautes sur 12 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
3.0 étoiles sur 5 Really drops off after the first two chapters 25 avril 2014
Par Andrew Chandler - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Broché Achat vérifié
Paul Toughs book starts out with a few great chapters challenging the conventional thoughts of why children in poverty do not complete their education. The basic premise student intelligence or teacher quality is not near as important as performance character traits, such as grit, executive function, self-control, optimism. These are traits that are easily formed in children growing up in stress free environments with plenty of parent attention and affection, but are missing is children growing up in poverty with disjointed families, drug abuse, and other forms of chronic stress.

But after these first few chapters, the book really falters. Its like the book is a collection of essays or articles on school reform, which are then tacked together loosely with this idea of character helping children succeed. And while each chapter is well researched and referenced, the cumulative result is a lot of contradictory data, and no response to the question you wish this book would answer: How do children succeed?

What do I mean by contradictory data? Well, despite the premise that teacher quality does not matter much, the book spends a lot of time praising innovative teachers or teaching programs. Despite giving research to show that ACT/SAT scores are not a good indicator of college graduation, he examines how some schools have been successful in getting their povery students into colleges by cramming them for the ACT tests. And despite showing how learning chess can teach character skills like patience, determination, etc, the book also demonstrates that skills on the chess board do not necessarily translate to skills in the classroom or in the real world. Near the end of the book, Tough even admits that all of the studies that have identified what matters most in raising test scores and graduation rates of children living in poverty is misleading, because in reality the majority of improvements found by these innovative teaching methods are found in children that are poor enough to qualify for school meal plans, but not technically living below the poverty line.

Perhaps the most upsetting point of the book was near the end when Tough (who grew up middle to upper middle class) tries to relate to the poverty students by describing the time he dropped out of Columbia his freshman year and using his tuition money to take a Kerouac-esque bicycle trip. Tough uses this story to describe how this trip helped him take risks and build character traits that were not formed in school, and how this helped him succeed. I am uncomfortable with comparing a person with the financial means and support to voluntarily quit school, knowing his family is there as a safety net, to go play hooky, and a person living in poverty subjected to various external stresses, but is able to have the self control to focus and better themselves.

In the end, the hypothesis Tough proposed early in this book is contradicted by his later chapters, and the question of how all children can succeed is never answered. Implementation of the subject matter is this book is absent besides hugging your children.
5 internautes sur 5 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
4.0 étoiles sur 5 Who else thinks Character, passion & Grist are the answers? 29 octobre 2013
Par BBrad - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Format Kindle Achat vérifié
Earlier this month, I was recommend a book from my in-laws called How to Build Up Your Child Instead of Repairing Your Teenager by Brian Tracy, a short and concise book on parenting techniques that seem to be working for many parents today. After purchasing it, I saw this book as one of the suggestions at the bottom of the page and after reading the reviews, I decided to give it a try. I have 2 boys and always thought our children's character makes a huge impact on their lives but as parents, how are we supposed to develop character? Isn't that something that's built-in genetically? Well, that's what you'll find out.

The general consensus of this book is this: If we want our children to succeed, we're probably teaching them the wrong things and not giving them the optimal tools to succeed based on conventional wisdom.

The author talks about a concept called Cognitive Hypothesis, our misconception that if there is one thing that could matter the most in a child's success is his/her IQ . But when you take a closer look at education and the science of what seems to be working most effectively, it's things like grit (mental toughness & stick-to-it-iveness), passion, curiosity, optimism and self-control. Those appear to be making a much bigger impact than IQ by itself.

Paul provides proof from a particular study stating this fact: even though High school grads and GED holders were generally the same IQ level, high school grads had a much higher probability of success than GED holders because in order to graduate from high school, they needed to have persistence and perseverance to accomplish all that was part of being a high school student/graduate.

Author also talks about teaching non-cognitive skills such as character and the debate whether or not that's really teachable. He explains we're aware that many of these character strengths matter, they're shaped by the child's environment, how a child grows up, by their parents behavior and skillset. But we're mostly unaware of how educators and parents could actually TEACH them to our children.

In the end however, Paul does talk about some programs and initiatives that could be quite helpful in accomplishing this task but there still are no proven ways to teach these techniques as of yet, and for them to become policy in schools. The book takes many turns and twists on our conventional wisdom for both parents and educators. I would say the book was very useful and unlike any type of parenting book I'd ever read. I found the 1st half much more useful than the 2nd half though.
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