Aucun appareil Kindle n'est requis. Téléchargez l'une des applis Kindle gratuites et commencez à lire les livres Kindle sur votre smartphone, tablette ou ordinateur.

  • Apple
  • Android
  • Windows Phone
  • Android

Pour obtenir l'appli gratuite, saisissez votre numéro de téléphone mobile.

Prix Kindle : EUR 5,90

EUR 5,93 (50%)

TVA incluse

Ces promotions seront appliquées à cet article :

Certaines promotions sont cumulables avec d'autres offres promotionnelles, d'autres non. Pour en savoir plus, veuillez vous référer aux conditions générales de ces promotions.

Envoyer sur votre Kindle ou un autre appareil

Envoyer sur votre Kindle ou un autre appareil

The Immigrant Exodus: Why America Is Losing the Global Race to Capture Entrepreneurial Talent par [Wadhwa, Vivek]
Publicité sur l'appli Kindle

The Immigrant Exodus: Why America Is Losing the Global Race to Capture Entrepreneurial Talent Format Kindle

Voir les formats et éditions Masquer les autres formats et éditions
Prix Amazon
Neuf à partir de Occasion à partir de
Format Kindle
"Veuillez réessayer"
EUR 5,90

Descriptions du produit

Présentation de l'éditeur


Many of the United States’ most innovative entrepreneurs have been immigrants, from Andrew Carnegie, Alexander Graham Bell, and Charles Pfizer to Sergey Brin, Vinod Khosla, and Elon Musk. Nearly half of Fortune 500 companies and one-quarter of all new small businesses were founded by immigrants, generating trillions of dollars annually, employing millions of workers, and helping establish the United States as the most entrepreneurial, technologically advanced society on earth.

Now, Vivek Wadhwa, an immigrant tech entrepreneur turned academic with appointments at Duke, Stanford, Emory, and Singularity Universities, draws on his new Kauffman Foundation research to show that the United States is in the midst of an unprecedented halt in high-growth, immigrant-founded start-ups. He argues that increased competition from countries like China and India and US immigration policies are leaving some of the most educated and talented entrepreneurial immigrants with no choice but to take their innovation elsewhere. The consequences to our economy are dire; our multi-trillion dollar loss will be the gain of our global competitors.

With his signature fearlessness and clarity, Wadhwa offers a concise framework for understanding the Immigrant Exodus and offers a recipe for reversal and rapid recovery.

Détails sur le produit

  • Format : Format Kindle
  • Taille du fichier : 332 KB
  • Nombre de pages de l'édition imprimée : 106 pages
  • Editeur : Wharton Digital Press (2 octobre 2012)
  • Vendu par : Amazon Media EU S.à r.l.
  • Langue : Anglais
  • ASIN: B0098P9HKC
  • Synthèse vocale : Activée
  • X-Ray :
  • Word Wise: Activé
  • Composition améliorée: Activé
  • Moyenne des commentaires client : Soyez la première personne à écrire un commentaire sur cet article
  • Classement des meilleures ventes d'Amazon: n°374.603 dans la Boutique Kindle (Voir le Top 100 dans la Boutique Kindle)
  •  Voulez-vous faire un commentaire sur des images ou nous signaler un prix inférieur ?

click to open popover

Commentaires en ligne

Il n'y a pas encore de commentaires clients sur
5 étoiles
4 étoiles
3 étoiles
2 étoiles
1 étoile

Commentaires client les plus utiles sur (beta) 3.8 étoiles sur 5 36 commentaires
15 internautes sur 17 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 The most important current nonfiction book 28 décembre 2012
Par Abacus - Publié sur
Format: Broché Achat vérifié
This is because the US ability to attract and retain highly skilled and entrepreneurial individuals worldwide is at the essence of its success. As long as the US can maintain an economic and cultural climate favorable to entrepreneurship, the US can still remain the leader in the innovation of markets for new products and services.

The author documents that the US magnet for talent has broken down due to impairing immigration policies. This is at the same time as other countries have far strengthened their own talent magnet. Historically, the US has attracted the best and the brightest and made it relatively easy to stay. But, this situation has rapidly deteriorated.

The author firsthand experience is interesting. He came from Australia with a degree in computer sciences in 1980. Within days of his arrival, he had applied and gotten a job with Xerox. Within a short 18 months he had gotten a green card. This will provide him total freedom to fulfill his full potential. And, he will soon found two successful high tech companies: Seer Technologies and Relativity Technologies creating hundreds of jobs as a result.

The author indicates that he could not have replicated his own success today. This is because he would have to wait for a decade to get a green card. Stuck in near corporate servitude with a temporary H-1B visa, he would be not only tied to his sponsoring employer but also tied to the specific job associated with his green card application. He would never have started his two companies and hundreds of jobs would not have been created. If he would have to start today, given current circumstances he would have stayed in Australia. This is obviously wrong.

Michael Bloomberg, mayor of New York City, has called our immigration policy suicidal. This is the case because if the US can't attract worldwide talent, it has lost its main competitive edge. The US, having the highest living standard, precludes it from ever being the low cost manufacturer of the World. (Germany's manufacturing prowess overcomes the high living standard handicap by earmarking the majority of its youth for trade manufacturing schools instead of college. That's a solution the US will never accept). The US has to position its economy as the one that constantly renews itself by developing new high margin markets. It can't do that if it is impairing its ability to attract high skilled talent. Yet, that is exactly what it is doing right now.

Let's look at a few numbers to better understand the situation. US citizens account for only 4% of engineering degrees worldwide; Asia (mainly India and China) account for 56% of them. Two thirds of H-1B applicants are issued for related positions in engineering and high technology. And, India and China account for two thirds of those. Thus, over 44% of H-1B applications go to Indian and Chinese engineers. This makes perfect sense since those two nations provide the majority of engineer graduates. However, the US offers only 140,000 green cards per year and limits any nation to only a 7% allocation of such green cards. This means that both China and India with each a population of over 1.2 billion providing the majority of the engineering talent worldwide get only 10,000 green card each, the same allotment as Iceland (pop 320,000) or even Liechtenstein (pop. 35,000). This situation is absurd. As a result, both Indian and Chinese engineers with H-1B visas have to wait around a decade to get a green card if ever. Many will give up and return to their home countries with thriving local opportunities. The author with other researchers estimate there are currently over 1.2 million highly skilled workers waiting in limbo for their green card. This stifles their entrepreneurship and productivity.

The author has documented that the slide in immigrant fostered entrepreneurship has already started. Just a few years ago, immigrants co-founded 52.4% of Silicon Valley companies. Within his most recent 2012 survey, this percentage had abruptly dropped to 43.9%. Similarly, the US share of total patent filings has declined from 42.8% in 1995 to 27.4% in 2010. That's even though foreigners account for a growing % of US patent filed (51% in 2011 vs only 18% in 1964).

If the US is concerned about the emerging economic competition from China and India what could it do? Probably one of the best strategies would be to attract and retain its best and brightest [from China and India] to cause a positive brain drain in favor of the US. Meanwhile, what the US does is actually attract bright Chinese and Indian minds as students and then kick them back home a short while after graduating and acquiring some training in the US. That's like US foreign aid in human capital. This could only accelerate China and India's economic rise relative to the US. In 2011, 160,000 students left China for the US. But, the number of graduates returning to China amounted to 180,000 in 2011 up from only 50,000 in 2008 (pg 42-43). The reverse brain drain has started.

Economic competition is all about international human capital. And, based on immigration policy related to the skilled the US has already lost this race to many other countries such as Australia, Canada, China, Germany, and Singapore (Chapter 5). Australia with only a tenth of the US population issues nearly as many green card equivalents! All those countries have immigration policies related to the skills that are far more hospitable and inviting than the US. Their policies have much in common. First, they recognize and value human capital (their immigration policies are highly selective on that count). Second, they provide permanent residency permits a lot easier and faster than the US does for the targeted skilled workers. In many of those countries, immigrants can apply for permanent residency before moving to the country and often receive such permit while still being in school before entering the labor force. This contrast with the 10 year purgatory Indian and Chinese engineers suffer in the US.

The author does not mention India among those countries fostering immigration. This is for a simple reason: it has an abundance of homegrown talent. And, India has far improved the local opportunities for such talent. Bangalore rivals Silicon Valley. Major US high tech companies such as Google, Amazon, and Microsoft have all huge operations in India. As a result, Indians increasingly stay home. From 1964 to 2001, 30% of Indian graduates from the Institutes of Technology went to the US. Between 2002 and 2008 that number declined to only 9%. This rapid decline is due to both faster relative economic growth in India and really restricting US immigration policies for Indians.

The author's recommendations to fix our immigration policy make a lot of sense. They include boosting the number of green cards available to skilled immigrants. The 7% cap per nation should be eliminated. The spouses of H-1B holders should be allowed to work and have driving licenses. H-1B visas should not be restricted to a specific employer, and related green card applications should not be restricted to a specific job. Those recommendations seem so obvious and humane, it is sad that they are even necessary. Meanwhile, the immigration debate in Washington is solely dominated by the issue of the porous border with Mexico. The US only ignores the issue of skilled immigration raised by the author at its own economic risk.
16 internautes sur 19 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 Move this to the top of the list 21 octobre 2012
Par M. Caulfield - Publié sur
Format: Broché Achat vérifié
I just finished reading "The Immigrant Exodus" and I am overwhelmed with gratitude to Mr. Wadhwa for his patriotic and sane dedication to raising this issue. It is a dangerous kind of arrogance to think that this country is such a desirable destination that we can treat worthy, contributing immigrants like interlopers. This book is a wake up call that I plan to share and amplify.

I spend a lot of time in Detroit, a place where the greatness and struggle of the American worker is clearly visible. As I read this book I couldn't help but think of how outraged the legions of unemployed and underemployed workers there would be if this issue were put plainly to them. The idea that we are literally turning away risk taking job creators and discouraging them from investing in America at a time when cities like Detroit are desperately trying to attract the industries of the future is almost unbelievable. Immigrants are always an easy political scapegoat and focus of paranoia. At a time when our leaders know that job creation is priority one for the electorate the volume on this issue needs to be turned up to 10. Instead of having countries like India and China subsidize and entice these talented innovators away lets flip this drain and funnel that talent to cities like Detroit eager and ready to grow with them.

This is a clear, concise explanation of the issue. I highly recommend it. I put it down two hours ago and it has already sparked two lively conversations.
23 internautes sur 30 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
2.0 étoiles sur 5 Misleading title, overly redundant content 9 novembre 2012
Par Manylander - Publié sur
Format: Format Kindle Achat vérifié
First thing first, I agree with the main idea. But as an avid reader of all sort of things, and most importantly as an East European immigrant who came to the U.S. 14 years GO, I have numerous issues with the book.

The summarized version: The book is much longer (even at 80 real pages) than it should be and it is written in a very pro-Indian style. Examples are far from diverse and centered excessively around start-ups and tech and the experiences of Indian individuals.

If you have time to read in detail please continue reading, otherwise, thank you for reading this far. Here are the areas of major issues with the book:

- Extreme redundancy: The same message repeats over and over and over again. This is actually a "word fattened" version of a short paper or essay. The message of the book could could have been delivered with only a few non-redundant examples in 5-10 pages. Namely: a paper.

- The author takes pride in being a true "American" but the entire book is a campaign for Indian workers. Throwing China's name every now and then is just a weak attempt of disguising this propaganda.

- If you are really writing a book about the immigrant exodus, maybe you should exit your immediate circle and realities (the Indian community in the U.S.) and attempt to provide a more diverse set of examples. Two thirds, if not more of the often non-importnat/critical examples are about Indian immigrants. I have many Indian friends. I 've met amazingly gifted Indians in my graduate studies and professional life , but if I were to write a book about "all immigrants' I would not be writing only about them.

- Too much focus on start-ups and too little focus on the real immigration body: the skilled worker

- Much shallower than the title promises: The book's name and a quick glance at the reviews sold it to me. I was expecting a broad and intelligent approach to the current exodus (which is a reality), instead I ended up with an obese paper (or petition) to grant Indian start-ups more visas. Yes, there are other examples and concerns, but a careful examination shows what this book is all about.

- The H4 visa: This is a personal opinion, and please don't get offended. I have a foreign spouse who is well educated. Same goes for many others. If the spouses are so skilled why can't they get their own H1s? If not this can easily be abused to bring in a mass of people in under the "skilled worker quota" who are not actually skilled workers. I agree with the work limitation for H4 while I feel for the heartache and problems it causes. But there is always a choice to go back home or to never come at all if it were an issue.
Life is all about choices and often informed choices. If you are a smart person you'd clearly know in advance of coming to the U.S. that your spouse will not be able to work. Factor this in and make your decision.
2 internautes sur 2 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
4.0 étoiles sur 5 Good but provides an incomplete picture 2 septembre 2013
Par Snakewine - Publié sur
Format: Broché Achat vérifié
The Immigrant Exodus by Vivek Wadhwa gives some good suggestions as to how to improve the Immigration Process, however it focuses highly on tech workers from India and China. Although this information is helpful and informative, the book is light in other aspects of the immigration question. These other points are briefly mentioned, but his stance on tech workers from India and China dominate the conversation. This book is a good introduction to part of the debate concerning immigration, however it does not give a complete picture.
15 internautes sur 21 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 Undoubtedly a New York Times Best Seller 5 octobre 2012
Par Susan K - Publié sur
Format: Format Kindle
This is a must read for anyone concerned about the US Global Leadership and our sluggish Economy. The Immigrant EXODUS has the most up to date quantitative research without political positioning. Vivek Wadhwa takes a complex topic and uses compelling real life cases that showcases why America is losing our entrepreneurial leadership but he also presents solutions. Vivek is an innovative thought leader across academia to Silicon Valley to DC. Given this election year, this book is a perfect read for anyone interested in the real issues and solutions. We need more of his direct, provocative communication to get America back on the upswing!
Ces commentaires ont-ils été utiles ? Dites-le-nous