Life of Pi (Anglais) Relié – 9 mai 2002
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My suffering left me sad and gloomy.
Academic study and the steady, mindful practice of religion slowly brought me back to life. I have remained a faithful Hindu, Christian and Muslim. I decided to stay in Toronto. After one year of high school, I attended the University of Toronto and took a double-major Bachelor’s degree. My majors were religious studies and zoology. My fourth-year thesis for religious studies concerned certain aspects of the cosmogony theory of Isaac Luria, the great sixteenth-century Kabbalist from Safed. My zoology thesis was a functional analysis of the thyroid gland of the three-toed sloth. I chose the sloth because its demeanour — calm, quiet and introspective — did something to soothe my shattered self.
There are two-toed sloths and there are three-toed sloths, the case being determined by the forepaws of the animals, since all sloths have three claws on their hind paws. I had the great luck one summer of studying the three-toed sloth in situ in the equatorial jungles of Brazil. It is a highly intriguing creature. Its only real habit is indolence. It sleeps or rests on average twenty hours a day. Our team tested the sleep habits of five wild three-toed sloths by placing on their heads, in the early evening after they had fallen asleep, bright red plastic dishes filled with water. We found them still in place late the next morning, the water of the dishes swarming with insects. The sloth is at its busiest at sunset, using the word busy here in a most relaxed sense. It moves along the bough of a tree in its characteristic upside-down position at the speed of roughly 400 metres an hour. On the ground, it crawls to its next tree at the rate of 250 metres an hour, when motivated, which is 440 times slower than a motivated cheetah. Unmotivated, it covers four to five metres in an hour.
The three-toed sloth is not well informed about the outside world. On a scale of 2 to 10, where 2 represents unusual dullness and 10 extreme acuity, Beebe (1926) gave the sloth’s senses of taste, touch, sight and hearing a rating of 2, and its sense of smell a rating of 3. If you come upon a sleeping three-toed sloth in the wild, two or three nudges should suffice to awaken it; it will then look sleepily in every direction but yours. Why it should look about is uncertain since the sloth sees everything in a Magoo-like blur. As for hearing, the sloth is not so much deaf as uninterested in sound. Beebe reported that firing guns next to sleeping or feeding sloths elicited little reaction. And the sloth’s slightly better sense of smell should not be overestimated. They are said to be able to sniff and avoid decayed branches, but Bullock (1968) reported that sloths fall to the ground clinging to decayed branches “often”.
How does it survive, you might ask.
Precisely by being so slow. Sleepiness and slothfulness keep it out of harm’s way, away from the notice of jaguars, ocelots, harpy eagles and anacondas. A sloth’s hairs shelter an algae that is brown during the dry season and green during the wet season, so the animal blends in with the surrounding moss and foliage and looks like a nest of white ants or of squirrels, or like nothing at all but part of a tree.
The three-toed sloth lives a peaceful, vegetarian life in perfect harmony with its environment. “A good-natured smile is forever on its lips,” reported Tirler (1966). I have seen that smile with my own eyes. I am not one given to projecting human traits and emotions onto animals, but many a time during that month in Brazil, looking up at sloths in repose, I felt I was in the presence of upside-down yogis deep in meditation or hermits deep in prayer, wise beings whose intense imaginative lives were beyond the reach of my scientific probing.
Sometimes I got my majors mixed up. A number of my fellow religious-studies students–muddled agnostics who didn’t know which way was up, in the thrall of reason, that fool’s gold for the bright–reminded me of the three-toed sloth; and the three-toed sloth, such a beautiful example of the miracle of life, reminded me of God.
I never had problems with my fellow scientists. Scientists are a friendly, atheistic, hard-working, beer-drinking lot whose minds are preoccupied with sex, chess and baseball when they are not preoccupied with science.
I was a very good student, if I may say so myself. I was tops at St. Michael’s College four years in a row. I got every possible student award from the Department of Zoology. If I got none from the Department of Religious Studies, it is simply because there are no student awards in this department (the rewards of religious study are not in mortal hands, we all know that). I would have received the Governor General’s Academic Medal, the University of Toronto’s highest undergraduate award, of which no small number of illustrious Canadians have been recipients, were it not for a beef-eating pink boy with a neck like a tree trunk and a temperament of unbearable good cheer.
I still smart a little at the slight. When you’ve suffered a great deal in life, each additional pain is both unbearable and trifling. My life is like a memento mori painting from European art: there is always a grinning skull at my side to remind me of the folly of human ambition. I mock this skull. I look at it and I say, “You’ve got the wrong fellow. You may not believe in life, but I don’t believe in death. Move on!” The skull snickers and moves ever closer, but that doesn’t surprise me. The reason death sticks so closely to life isn’t biological necessity–it’s envy. Life is so beautiful that death has fallen in love with it, a jealous, possessive love that grabs at what it can. But life leaps over oblivion lightly, losing only a thing or two of no importance, and gloom is but the passing shadow of a cloud. The pink boy also got the nod from the Rhodes Scholarship committee. I love him and I hope his time at Oxford was a rich experience. If Lakshmi, goddess of wealth, one day favours me bountifully, Oxford is fifth on the list of cities I would like to visit before I pass on, after Mecca, Varanasi, Jerusalem and Paris. --Ce texte fait référence à l'édition Broché .
Revue de presse
Martel's yarn is an unfailingly enjoyable blend of magical realism and Robinson Crusoe.൪The Independent on Sunday; A terrific book ... fresh, original, smart, devious, and crammed with absorbing lore. --Margaret Atwood, The Sunday Times
"A hilarious novel, full of clever tricks, amusing asides and grand originality --." The Daily Telegraph " --Ce texte fait référence à l'édition Broché .
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I don't usually pick up a book that has won a serious prize as I tend to think that they are too intellectual and too deep for me but the few words on the back cover caught my attention. I wasn't hooked immediately but was soon after Pi boarded his Noah's Ark. I felt like I was riding a wave of emotions as I accompanied Pi through his long struggle to survive. I felt his fear for Richard Parker and his triumph when the whistle he blew conquered Richard Parker. I could feel his joy and his misery of the downpours of rain and the scorching of the midday sun. The book is a wealth of discovery. How do you fish in the middle of the ocean? How do you know how to eat a turtle? How do you catch the rain? Not a book for the fainthearted though nor for vegetarians. The description of death of the zebra was not a pretty sight. And as for Pi salivating for the taste of Richard Parker's excrement, I must admit I was fascinated to find out Pi's degustation. A very original book which I would highly recommend!
A lire et à relire.
La première partie est intéressante, avec beaucoup de digressions sur deux thèmes : d'une part les zoos, animaux, les écosystèmes ce qu'ils nous apprennent pour l'adaptation des conditions de vie des animaux dans les zoos ; et d'autre part la religion comparée, avec de nombreuses considérations sur l'hindouisme, l'islam le christianisme, leurs dieux et idoles, ainsi que quelques considérations assez bien vues sur l'athéisme aussi.
La deuxième partie change complètement de ton: Après le naufrage du cargo qui les transportait au Canada, le jeune homme se trouve seul à bord d'un bateau de survie avec des animaux de zoo qui ont embarqué là aussi, et qui reconstituent un micro écosystème avec un zèbre, un tigre, une hyène, un orang-outang et un être humain.
Par ailleurs, on s'aperçoit que le livre a été pensé de manière assez rusée et beaucoup travaillé: la plupart des digressions précédentes sur le comportement animal (et des digressions spirituelles sur la nature humaine) vont toutes être mises à contribution dans la partie où l'auteur décrit la survie du naufragé en compagnie de bêtes sauvages.Lire la suite ›
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I am extremely disappointed because this is NOT the book, this is some sort of shorten version for English learners. Do NOT buy this if you want to read the bookPublié il y a 1 mois par Client d'Amazon
Quoiqu'il arrive, sachez-le: ce roman vous fera réfléchir, et ce n'est pas rien, que d'amener le lecteur à se poser mille questions sur le sens de la vie,... Lire la suitePublié il y a 4 mois par Angelica L. Pabst
Ce livre est absolument génial. Il a tous les éléments pour me plaire et il est très riche. J'adore. Lire la suitePublié il y a 6 mois par cat
The life of Pi is a story of courage and survival.
It is a wonderfully written journey through life's struggle.
Je me suis trompée dans mon choix. Ce livre est destiné aux enseignants alors que je voulais simplement le roman. Lire la suitePublié il y a 16 mois par Annabella Dériot
It is a school manual!
Bought it thinking it was the book, because it is not clearly mentionned that it is not... Hopefully could return it without additional costs!
J'ai eu du mal à me mettre dans le livre au départ bien que l'anglais soit facile et de très belle qualité. Lire la suitePublié le 1 octobre 2014 par Gulike
I've discovered this book from the movie, and decided to read the original story. I found it a must read.
In addition, it was a quick shipping and good received item.
I was totally unprepared for this and absolutely loved it--from Pi's childhood in the zoo to his odyssey on the boat. Lire la suitePublié le 15 octobre 2013 par cats34