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The Longest War: The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict (Anglais) Broché – 21 décembre 1990


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Descriptions du produit

Présentation de l'éditeur

In The Longest War, Dilip Hiro describes the causes and courses of the Iran-Iraq military conflict and its effect on the two antagonists, as well as the rest of the world. He reveals the intricate twists and turns of international diplomacy and the realpolitik behind the rhetoric, providing a comprehensive and admirably balanced account of the political and military aspects of the "longest war."

Biographie de l'auteur

Dilip Hiro is a writer and journalist living in London. He is the author of Holy Wars: The Rise of Islamic Fundamentalism (Routledge, 1989) and Iran Under the Ayatollahs (Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1987) among others.

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Amazon.com: 4.4 étoiles sur 5 14 commentaires
19 internautes sur 21 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
4.0 étoiles sur 5 Good synopsis of the Iran-Iraq conflict 23 novembre 2004
Par Jeremy H. Burton - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Broché
"The Longest War" by Dilip Hiro provides a thorough political history of the Iran-Iraq conflict. Those with little to moderate exposure to the war will probably find it interesting, while more knowledgeable students of the era will most likely gain little insight, as it is largely based on press clippings.

Readers of other military histories will be disappointed to find a lack of primary evidence into motives; however, it is important remember that such evidence was not available at the time of publication, as it is with, for example, a history of World War II.

One interesting factor about this book is that it was (apparently) written prior to the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in 1991. This has positive and negative effects. For instance:

(1) Hiro does not have the benefit of being able to use future events to improve his analysis. For example, given the later invasion of Kuwait, Sadaam Hussein's invasion of Iran seems much more like a megalomaniac stab at natural resources (and their commensurate power) than the establishment of a bulwark against Shi'ite Islamism.

(2) Hiro's analysis does not suffer from bias created by later events. For example, American support of the Iraqi regime in the latter stages of the war is presented in the context of (a) Cold War competition with the Soviet Union, (b) protecting American interests in the gulf states from Iranian interference and (c) the political climate in America following the Iran-Contra affair. Today, it is common to see such support described as misguided or even hypocritical, given what happened in 1990-1 and in 2003. Hiro lays out reasons for American support to Iraq that were indeed very rational given what was known to American policymakers at the time.
23 internautes sur 26 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 Excellent history. 21 juillet 1997
Par Un client - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Broché
Lasting eight years, and at a cost of over a trillion
dollars and a million casualties, this savage
conflict (which featured chemical weapons and genocide
against the Kurds), largely unknown to most
Westerners, is far from over.

Hiro, an expert on Middle Eastern affairs, traces
the ancient animosities and territorial
aspirations which animated the slaughter, describes
in detail the actual fighting, and connects the
war to the Great Powers which covertly aided the
belligerents.

Finally, in his Epilogue, he notes the "no war, no
peace" status of the region and warns of an
arms-race between Iran and Iraq, which bodes ill for
the stability of an area which contains most of the world's
crude oil reserves.

(The numerical rating above is a default setting
within Amazon's format. This reviewer does not
employ numerical ratings.)
15 internautes sur 17 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
3.0 étoiles sur 5 Political not Military History 20 décembre 2000
Par Gerry Fahrenthold - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Broché
A thorough review of the religious and geopolitical, but not militry, history of the Iran Iraq war. The author provides little critical analysis in what is an almost textbook like format. There is extensive coverage of the political issues and of the internal battles fought by both of the combatants, especially Iraq, to maintain internal public support. When one reads how well Hussien managed the internal political challenges of the Iran Iraq war, his survival of the Gulf War seems less of a surprise. The economic issues of waging the war, an issue often left out of military history, is well documented. There is good analysis of the involvement of the superpowers and the legal and illegal sale of arms to both sides. There is only very minimal coverage of military strategy, tactics, and weapons and only a cursory description of the campaigns.
13 internautes sur 16 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 Very Detailed,Informative, and a timely piece. 30 septembre 2002
Par Un client - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Broché
As Pres. Bush tries to talk everyone into supporting an attack on Iraq, this is a wonderful book for getting a little background on Saddam Hussein and Iraq. It doesn't give too much detail over his chemical weapons program, except how the use of Nerve and Mustard gas on the front was the tool that gave Saddam the ability to push the Iranians out of Iraq(and influence Iran's ability to recruit for the frontlines). The book uses GDP and other economic indicators throughout the middle east repeatedly to tell how the war was affecting the populaces involved. A very interesting read.
3 internautes sur 3 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
4.0 étoiles sur 5 Excellent but not the definitive account 22 avril 2012
Par Mark Stokle - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Broché
In my opinion, the definitive account of the Iran-Iraq War has yet to be written, and in fact probably never will be. The destruction of Iraq (including much state/historical documentation), and the difficulty of interviewing major participants on both sides of the conflict (several are already dead), have made this a near-impossible task.

Nevertheless, Dilip Hiro's book provides an excellent source on the conflict. He bases most of his research on newspaper articles, official documents and speeches, and his own extensive war reporting. His account therefore relates an insider's view of the war, written by someone who witnessed the course of events on the ground. The book is organized on a chronological basis, offering first a reflection on the causes of the war before moving on to a detailed recounting of events, and ends with a final chapter of personal conclusions. Hiro does not hesitate to supplement his historical narrative with personal analysis. He does a good job of backing up his interpretations by using statistics, charts, economic data, etc. The maps he provides are adequate but by no means exceptional. There is also a section of approximately thirty photographs; however their print quality is extremely poor and diminishes their analytical value.

The author attempts to remain neutral in his work, and generally tries to base his investigation on facts. The war is clearly portrayed as having been triggered by Iraq, with the tacit support of the US and its allies in the Gulf. Hiro makes it clear that this constituted an attempt to smother the Iranian Revolution, and that it ended up seriously backfiring. Instead of inspiring the Iranians to oust Khomeini, the war had the opposite effect and united the population in support of his new regime. Saddam also seriously underestimated the manner in which the Iraqi Shia population would react to the war - a mistake which nearly ruined him, and partially explains his resort to chemical weapons. Two chapters are devoted to Iraqi and Iranian perspectives, detailing the political, social and military aspects of the war in each country.

This work also vividly illustrates the scope of foreign meddling and interference in the war. The author produces a very thorough assessment of the conflict in an international context. Iraq reprized the role previously held by Iran in America's network of client states in the region (this lasted until the first Gulf War). Iran was systematically hampered in achieving its objectives due to its very low prestige on the international scene (its main trading partner was West Germany). The Soviets - who had originally planned to ally with both Iraq and Iran to stabilize the Afghan situation - were increasingly worried about US intervention, and gradually adopted a policy of containment towards the Iranian Revolution. All these points are elaborately discussed in the book.

Moreover, Hiro does an excellent job of emphasizing the central importance of oil and weapons sales. Attacks against tankers (the 'Tanker War') in the Persian Gulf are well-documented, as are the nepotism and corruption of western governments. Unfortunately, the famous photo of Rumsfeld shaking hands with Saddam in December 1983 is not included. I was also slightly disappointed by the rather cursory explanation of the Iran-Contra Affair. Apart from these minor drawbacks, the book is generally impartial and does enough to serve its purpose.

In conclusion, I would strongly recommend this work to those who are interested in the Iran-Iraq War. It offers the best general survey of the conflict I have come across. If you wish to concentrate on military matters, then Efraim Karsh's book is probably better. Both works should be complemented by articles from academic journals for further in-depth analysis.
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