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Manzikert 1071: The breaking of Byzantium (Anglais) Broché – 20 août 2013

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Description du produit

Présentation de l'éditeur

On 26 August 1071 a large Byzantine army under Emperor Romanus IV met the Saljuq Turk forces of Sultan Alp Arslan near the town of Manzikert to the far east of the Byzantine Empire. The battle ended in a decisive defeat for the Byzantine forces, with the wings of the army routing following withering Turkish arrow fire, and the centre overwhelmed, with the Byzantine emperor captured and much of his fabled Varangian guard killed. This battle is justifiably regarded as a turning point in Middle Eastern, European and to some extent even world history. It is seen as the primary trigger of the Crusades, and as the moment when the power of the East Roman or Byzantine Empire was irreparably broken. The Saljuq victory opened up Anatolia to Turkish-Islamic conquest, which was eventually followed by the establishment of the Ottoman state which went on the conquer south-eastern and much of central Europe, the entire Middle East and most of North Africa. Nevertheless the battle itself was the culmination of a Christian Byzantine offensive, intended to strengthen the eastern frontiers of the empire and re-establish Byzantine domination over Armenia and northern Mesopotamia. Turkish Saljuq victory was in no sense inevitable and might, in fact, have come as something of a surprise to those who achieved it - at least in proving to be so complete. It was not only the battle of Manzikert that had such profound and far-reaching consequences, many of these stemmed from the debilitating Byzantine civil war which followed and was a direct consequence of the defeat.

Biographie de l'auteur

David Nicolle, born in 1944, worked in the BBC's Arabic service for a number of years before gaining an MA from the School of Oriental and African Studies, London, and a doctorate from Edinburgh University. He has written numerous books and articles on medieval and Islamic warfare, and has been a prolific author of Osprey titles for many years.

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Format: Broché
« Manzikert 1071 » de David Nicolle, illustré par Christa Hook (Osprey Campaign), se présente comme un essai rigoureux faisant le point sur tout ce que l'on sait de la très complexe campagne de l'empereur byzantin Romain IV Diogène contre les Turcs seldjoukides (1071).

Manaeuvres, ruses, embuscades et trahisons émaillent un récit bien servi par des cartes qui permettent d'en comprendre les péripéties.

David Nicolle tente de démontrer que la défaite de Manzikert et la perte de l'Anatolie doivent autant aux divisions internes de l'empire byzantin qu'au dynamisme des Seldjoukides et à la valeur de leur chef Alp Arslan.
1 commentaire Une personne a trouvé cela utile. Avez-vous trouvé ce commentaire utile ? Oui Non Commentaire en cours d'envoi...
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Par Mathieu le 28 octobre 2014
Format: Broché
Mantzikert... une bataille symbole, annonciatrice de la fin de l'empire byzantin, qui persistera néanmoins pendant quatre siècle, mais dont la longue agonie débutera au moment de la prise de Constantinople par les croisés. Je conseille ce livre aux amateurs de cette période et je remercie Amazon pour la qualité de ses services.
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Commentaires client les plus utiles sur (beta) (Peut contenir des commentaires issus du programme Early Reviewer Rewards) 3.5 étoiles sur 5 18 commentaires
1 internautes sur 1 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 A very complex historical background explained masterly... 22 février 2016
Par Dimitrios - Publié sur
Format: Broché Achat vérifié
This book is somehow different from similar titles of the Osprey "Campaign" series because David Nicolle had to analyse first a very complex historical background of the 11th century Middle East before moving on the Manzikert campaign itself. That was a period where Byzantines, Turks, Persians, Arabs, Armenians, Georgians and a host of other people fought each other in an extremely confusing and fluid strategic environment, just before the Crusaders also came and complicated the whole situation a lot more. Mr Nicolle does a superb job setting the pieces of the campaign in their correct relative positions, and he gives a very realistic, well researched and authentic picture of the protagonists. It turns out that Manzikert was in fact an accidental victory for the Seljuks, and that the Byzantine defeat probably was not caused by betrayal as it is often portrayed. Emperor Romanos Diogenes comes out of the pages as an arrogant and not so capable military leader, and Alp Arslan as a master strategist - and a gentleman of his age.

Albeit, the restricted length of the book does not permit a thorough presentation of the opposing armies regarding their trends, their attitude and their culture. Turks are portrayed as just another nomadic tribe with a specialty in fighting from horseback (mainly with archery), but we don't learn anything regarding their savagery and their customs. Byzantines on the other hand was a multinational army, with a lot of mercenaries in their ranks, and this is also mentioned without any in depth analysis. The maps though are really excellent, not only the 3D ones regarding the campaign itself, but also the colored 2D ones who present step by step the intricated and mindboggling raids, sieges and maneuvers in the years and months before 1071. The photos are good, showing the landscape of eastern Anatolia and the lake Van area, and also some artifacts dating from the Manzikert era.
1 internautes sur 1 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
3.0 étoiles sur 5 Excellent resource, but you will learn a lot about the Seljuks but only a little about the Byzantines. 30 avril 2015
Par A from VA - Publié sur
Format: Format Kindle Achat vérifié
This books strengths are that it gives a pretty detailed account of the movements of the armies throughout their respective campaigns (in keeping with the name of the series, I guess); has great scholarship in that it includes many Arab and Turkish sources; and has a very informative (if surpisingly brief - under ten pages I believe) account of the Battle of Manzikert that certainly gave me a fuller impression than other accounts I had read.

The books (admittedly subjective) weaknesses were that it seems to shine much more of a spotlight on Alp Arslan than Romanos (only occassionaly questioning the glossy image of the sultan painted by the Islamic cronicallers); does not mention the Varangians role in the battle of Manzikert (which perhaps is not very important - and indeed he does mention that many of them were actually captured several days before - but the Varangians are of great interest to American readers and having them not show up was a blow); the aftermath and legacy of the battle (sometimes referred to as the turning point in Byzantine history and one of the most important events of the Middle Ages) seemed cursory; and that the artwork, while excellent as always, was applied sparringly compared to other Osprey books.

In sum, I recommend this book for individuals who have a great interest in the topic but who have already read something else (such as James Julius Norwhich's excellent volumes). You will learn a lot about the Seljuks, but only a little about the Byzantines.
David Rodgers,
author of The Songs of Slaves
10 internautes sur 11 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
3.0 étoiles sur 5 Acceptable overview of the Manzikert campaign. 27 août 2013
Par Stone Dog - Publié sur
Format: Broché Achat vérifié
"Manzikert 1071: The Breaking of Byzantium", Osprey Campaign book 262, by David Nicolle serves as an acceptable overview of the campaign that marked the beginning of a very long slide for the Byzantines. As in any Osprey book, you get a lot of high-quality photos, maps and color artwork.

The book sets the stage, giving the situation on the ground before the campaign begins. The author does a decent job of introducing the reader to the main players in the region as well as cover the opposing armies and forces at their command, the opposing commanders (Emperor Romanos IV and Sultan Alp Arslan). The author hits the highlights of the armies' movements to contact as well as the battles with his terse narrative even if he doesn't make it very interesting. He covers the immediate aftermath as well as a brief description of the long-term effects.

My problem with the book is that the author doesn't always do a good job of giving the reader information they need. For instance, when he covers the Byzantine forces marshaled for the campaign, he doesn't even give the reader the proportion of cavalry to infantry. It's obvious that the Turks were mounted warriors and, although they fielded infantry, it was their horsemen that were the core of their army. About the Byzantines, we are left in the dark as to their mounted forces in comparison. Did the Turks have an advantage in tactical mobility as a result of an advantage in cavalry?

The author seems to want to absolve Roussel de Bailleul and Joseph Tarchaniotes of wrongdoing in neither rejoining the main army nor sending word of the presence of large Turkish forces in the vicinity to the main army and the Emperor. To do so, he creates a hypothetical situation in which they were prevented from assisting the main army in any way. It seemed to this reader merely wishful thinking. These Byzantine commanders had "some of the best cavalry" according to the author (again, no numbers or percentages) and, quite frankly their presence was sorely missed by the main army in the Manzikert battle. The after-battle actions of Bailleul and Terchaniotes certainly don't make them look any better.

In conclusion, I thought this volume had some flaws that prevented it from being any better than just okay and I only give it three stars.
3.0 étoiles sur 5 Detailed text but not fine images.. 16 mars 2014
Par Hazar Kaba - Publié sur
Format: Broché Achat vérifié
The text of the book is well researched and written..Nearly every phase of the campaign is told in every detail..But the scenes depicted and the images are not many and not enough to reflect the action of one of the most famous battles of the Middle Ages...
5 internautes sur 7 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
3.0 étoiles sur 5 Nicolle Forgets his Intended Audience 27 décembre 2013
Par Marco Antonio Abarca - Publié sur
Format: Broché Achat vérifié
I think I am typical of the people who read Osprey books. I have a college degree and have been reading military history for many years. I am interested in Byzantine history but by no means am I an academic familiar with the Byzantine and Saljuk politics of the Eleventh Century. To tell that story for an Osprey audience a great deal of explanation is needed. The greatest problem with "Manzikert 1071" is that Nicolle loses track of his intended audience. He predisposes that his audience has more knowledge than we do. In turn, I found Nicolle's book to be obscure and not especially enjoyable to read. If this were not bad enough, Christa Hook's illustrations are not up to the usual high Osprey standards. Not recommended.
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