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Nazis, Islamists, and the Making of the Modern Middle East par [Rubin, Barry, Schwanitz, Wolfgang G.]
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Nazis, Islamists, and the Making of the Modern Middle East Format Kindle

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Longueur : 361 pages Composition améliorée: Activé Page Flip: Activé
Langue : Anglais
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Présentation de l'éditeur

During the 1930s and 1940s, a unique and lasting political alliance was forged among Third Reich leaders, Arab nationalists, and Muslim religious authorities. From this relationship sprang a series of dramatic events that, despite their profound impact on the course of World War II, remained  secret until now. In this groundbreaking book, esteemed Middle East scholars Barry Rubin and Wolfgang G. Schwanitz uncover for the first time the complete story of this dangerous alliance and explore its continuing impact on Arab politics in the twenty-first century.
 
Rubin and Schwanitz reveal, for example, the full scope of Palestinian leader Amin al-Husaini’s support of Hitler’s genocidal plans against European and Middle Eastern Jews. In addition, they expose the extent of Germany’s long-term promotion of Islamism and jihad. Drawing on unprecedented research in European, American, and Middle East archives, many recently opened and never before written about, the authors offer new insight on the intertwined development of Nazism and Islamism and its impact on the modern Middle East.

Détails sur le produit

  • Format : Format Kindle
  • Taille du fichier : 14192 KB
  • Nombre de pages de l'édition imprimée : 361 pages
  • Editeur : Yale University Press (1 février 2014)
  • Vendu par : Amazon Media EU S.à r.l.
  • Langue : Anglais
  • ASIN: B00I50EXP0
  • Synthèse vocale : Activée
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  • Composition améliorée: Activé
  • Moyenne des commentaires client : 5.0 étoiles sur 5 1 commentaire client
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Le vieux complot antisémite enfin dévoilé : l'alliance germano-arabe est mise au grand jour, et dénonce aussi la politique anglo-américaine de la 2e guerre mondiale. L'Etat d'Israël est enfin pleinement justifié, et se défendra contre vents et marées.
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Amazon.com: HASH(0x96cd1c54) étoiles sur 5 23 commentaires
29 internautes sur 34 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
HASH(0x96ce37ec) étoiles sur 5 Hajj Amin and Associates: Connections 5 mars 2014
Par L. King - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Relié
A detailed assessment of the relationship between Nazi Germany and the Arab Nationalist movement in Palestine. The story begins even before WW I. German adventurer/scholars such as Max von Oppenheim and Carl H. Becker are backed by the German government to create a program of Islamic propaganda to generate uprisings that would weaken Germany's European rivals by destroying their colonial influence. By funding cultural centers throughout the middle east they exposed the locals to a variety of materials, both written and visual, advocating attacks against Christians and European infidels. In the short term this policy failed. The Germans misunderstood the lack of resonance the Ottoman Sultan and the Sheich ul-Islam had given that the Islamic world was fragmented into both Shia and Sunni as well as a number of different legalistic and traditional schools. The Allies countered by promising political independence after a preliminary period of guidance and development which stoked the national ambitions of Arabs, Greeks and Jews. However the German strategy worked in Russia where German backing of the Bolsheviks led to the collapse of the Russian front in WW I and it misfired horribly with the Armenian genocide.

These assets, relationships and strategies were picked up again on the eve of WW II and many of the same players used in the last round were redeployed in service of the Nazis.

Meanwhile in Palestine the authors take a brief look at the career of Hajj Amin al-Husaini who came to prominence in the 1920s and 30s. Most of this has been covered in better detail elsewhere but what is new here is evidence that at the end of WW I in 1917 operating out of Damascus he had acted as a double agent for the English and later for the French. Nor were his ambitions limited to Palestine - between 1918 and 1920 he worked for the General Syrian Congress as a lobbyist for an enlarged Syrian state including today's Jordan, Lebanon, Israel and the Palestinian territories with the Faisal as King. Beyond his connections as a member of one of Jerusalem's leading Arab families and in spite of his conviction the previous year for instigating the Nabi Musa riots and lack of religious qualifications, his family was able to convince the British to name him "Grand Mufti" of Jerusalem (which he later changed to "Palestine") and place him as head of the newly created Supreme Muslim Council who's sinecures provided him with both income and power base for years to come. Surprisingly the book skips over the 1929 riots, but instead focuses on his networking skills, his travels from India to Iran, and Egypt to Berlin along with his creation of the World Islamic Congress in 1931, with himself at the helm, with an impressive list of contacts including then current and future Islamic leadership.

Contrary to what has been written in other reviews, the authors do not portray Hajj Amin al-Husaini as the architect of the Final Solution or responsible for conditions that led to the creation of Israel. However, they argue, by making his alliance and (in Nazi eyes) the alliance of the Arab world conditional on stopping Jewish immigration to Palestine, a ploy his Arab Higher Committee also offered to the British, he was likely the catalyst in the change of German policy from expulsion to extermination. Backed generously by the Nazis he and Rashid al-Kalaini ran espionage and recruitment networks. Hitler made it clear that after a Nazi victory al-Kalaini, the lesser partner, would be given control of Iraq and that al-Husaini not only Palestine but much of the Arab world (with a degree of imprecision excluding territories promised to Italy and Vichy France), with a license to do to the Jews there what Hitler was doing in Europe - this they had as a common interest. They were also quite prolific in creating general propaganda and training material for military imams articulating a common ground between Islam and National Socialism, (pp182-183), even to the point of mixing Islamic eschatology and Nazi ideology by portraying the current war as the final jihad between Muslims and non-believers. (pp156).

Though he was well connected for the purposes of espionage and propaganda the Germans overestimated the Mufti's ability to deliver Muslim leaders to the Nazi side - with the exception of Jordan's King Abdallah most were interested but were waiting for decisive Nazi victories before they would be willing to switch sides. As a consequence the Arab nations proved to be poor partners for the Allies - for example the 1941 Iraqi revolt led by Rashid al-Kailani, and in Egypt the pro-Nazi sentiment ran so high as Rommel approached in 1942 the British found it necessary to demobilize and disarm most of the Egyptian troops.

After the war al-Husaini's influence continued, facilitating contacts and employment for former Nazis in Arab military, intelligence or propaganda portfolios, publishing his own Jerusalem newspaper al-Jihad and a joint publication in Damascus with the Muslim Brotherhood. So safe was the Arab world for some 4000 Nazi collaborators seeking refuge, not one was given up for prosecution. He continued to run the World Islamic Congress which gave him political access to Arab and Muslim leadership and standing within the Unaligned Nations movement while running secret terrorist cells that operated out of Jordan and Lebanon.

The authors conclude with a look at the Mufti's relationship with Arafat. Though al-Hussaini fully endorsed his successor and is remembered fondly to this day, the relationship divided on Arafat's decision to seek Soviet support rather than to continue with the backing of the Saudis and the Muslim Brotherhood, however this is understandable given the eclipse of religion by populist revolutionary Arab nationalism until the 1990s. On the surface, they observed "it may seem peculiar that al-Husaini was revered rather than discredited" given his Nazi links, his failure to prevent the formation of Israel and his campaigns of terror and assassination direct against his Arab rivals but it made sense in a world of conspiracy oriented authoritarian regimes where strident militancy rather than compromise and accommodation would be the test for legitimacy. Hajj Amin survived, often at the expense of more moderate opponents. The lessons were not lost on his successors.
23 internautes sur 28 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
HASH(0x96ce3840) étoiles sur 5 the elephant wears a swastika 17 mai 2014
Par yoelarry - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Format Kindle Achat vérifié
Anyone who does not know the Nazi-Islam connection and the influence of the Nazi collaborationist and co-author of the European Holocaust, Arafat's distant uncle the Mufti of Jerusalem, has no understanding of the Arab-Israeli conflict. The Palestinian leadership and Arab States are still today continuing in Hitler's uncompromising goal of the annihilation of world Jewry. Failure to understand this fundamental truth is like failing to understand that the sun rises in the East. This undeniable truth is the elephant in the room.
And the elephant wears a swastika !
8 internautes sur 9 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
HASH(0x96ce3b1c) étoiles sur 5 Our world us on fire from the embers of WWI and WWII 21 avril 2015
Par Joe Q Public - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Relié Achat vérifié
the part we weren't taught in scholl about WWII. The co-conspirators in the Holocaust were the Muslim leadership of the day. The mufti of Jerusalem , Ali al-Huasani, should have been captured and held accountable. Instead they were allowed to remain in power and their ideology festered over the decades and long story IT IS NOW resposible for the Islam criminal conspiracy we have today.
13 internautes sur 17 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
HASH(0x96ce3a14) étoiles sur 5 Why the Israel Palestinian negotiations are a waste of time 8 juin 2014
Par mtp - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Format Kindle Achat vérifié
The book rehearses the history of the Palestinian involvement in the run up to the second world war and in the war itself on the side of the Nazis. It covers the agreement between the Nazis and the representative of the Palestinians for control of the Middle East and a complete removal of all Jews in an Arab/German killing of the Jews of Palestine. The book provides evidence that this policy continued thru Arafat and to the present. Our Presidents and diplomats (assuming that the author hasn't invented all his evidence) are therefore deluding themselves that a settlement is possible and that Israel is at fault for lack of progress.
8 internautes sur 10 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
HASH(0x96ce3c00) étoiles sur 5 Important History of 20th century Middle East Geopolitics 7 septembre 2014
Par Harold Reisman - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Relié Achat vérifié
Magnificent analysis and discussion of history that has been neglected or purposely hidden. This is a factual account that does much to expose revisionism or pure censorship. There is an excellent analysis to the 1930 efforts (mostly by the British) to gain Muslim support in the coming war. Everything was offered - even in violation of the Balfour Declaration and League of Nations directives - to Muslim states and so much was offered that the existing states agreed but Haj Amin al-Huseini would not agree and many Muslims sided with Hitler. There is a direct line between the history of the 20th century concerning the Middle East and current efforts to force some sort of "peaceful agreement". This book sheds light but, sadly, there are many who prefer the darkness.
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