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between sessions. Not allowing your body to adapt and/or recover. Technical issues
are also a key factor in the development of these types of ailments. Most of these
conditions are pretty easy to treat and resolve, but all too often the patients return with
recurrence, and that is because they usually go out and do the same old thing and
expect different, better, pain-free results. It's just not that simple.
Overuse injuries are injuries of the musculoskeletal and nervous systems that may be
caused by repetitive tasks, forceful exertions, vibrations, mechanical compression , or
sustained or awkward positions. It is also known as Repetitive Strain Injury or
Cumulative Trauma Disorders. These are most commonly used to refer to patients in
whom there is no discrete, objective, pathophysiology that corresponds with the pain
complaints. Physical activity is a great way for kids to build bone strength, prevent
obesity and stay healthy, when paired with safety and prevention practices. With
youth sports injuries rising at alarming rates, overuse injuries – such as sore bones and
muscles, and swollen or injured joints – need prompt attention in child athletes to
prevent chronic musculoskeletal problems later in life. Understanding overuse injuries
can guide you to designing your training to reduce the risk of injury and help you to
recognize and treat them as they inevitably occur. Part of conditioning for sports, especially rigorous fall sports like football, should be to ensure that young athletes are properly protected from the heat.
The topics discussed in the following chapters are lectures delivered to medical
students and residents during my long career as an orthopedic consultant and
Professor in orthopedic surgery in various universities.These types of injuries are dramatically increasing for a variety of reasons, but most notably, “overuse syndrome” – children are specializing in one sport year-round instead of participating in a variety of activities. Many young athletes are either being pushed too hard or are being thrown into intense athletic activity without the proper conditioning and supervision. Additionally, kids are now playing coached sports at a much earlier age than a generation ago, often play on several organized teams at the same time and extended practice hours and the level of intensity may exceed what some young bodies can handle. Also, many children are under unhealthy levels of pressure to “win at all costs” which can easily overload them both physically and psychologically. These pressures can come from both parents and coaches.Children more prone to these injuries than adults
Young athletes are not merely small adults. Children’s bones, muscles, tendons and ligaments are still growing, which makes them more susceptible to injury. Growth plates - the areas of developing cartilage where bone growth occurs in youngsters - are weaker than the nearby ligaments and tendons. What is often a bruise or sprain in an adult can be a potentially serious growth
Different types of youth sports injuries and how frequently do they occur?
It’s always important to study the types and patterns of injuries that occur. This allows us to
develop preventive strategies. We have found that many of the injuries that children get are
indeed preventable. About 95 percent of sports injuries are classified as “soft tissue injuries” due to minor trauma involving soft tissues-bruises, muscle pulls, sprains (ligaments), strains (muscles and tendons), and cuts or abrasions. Little sports time is lost from these injuries.Overuse injuries are a growing component of a general pediatric practice. A careful history and evaluation can often identify root causes and provide the opportunity to offer the athlete tips on rehabilitation and injury prevention. Focusing on more common conditions characterized by overuse can help guide the initial evaluation .