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Robinson Crusoe (Anglais) Broché – 7 juillet 2014

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4,2 étoiles sur 5 31 commentaires provenant des USA

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Broché, 7 juillet 2014
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Description du produit

Présentation de l'éditeur

Robinson Crusoe is a novel by Daniel Defoe, first published on 25 April 1719. This first edition credited the work's fictional protagonist Robinson Crusoe as its author, leading many readers to believe he was a real person and the book a travelogue of true incidents. It was published under the considerably longer original title The Life and Strange Surprizing Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, Of York, Mariner: Who lived Eight and Twenty Years, all alone in an un-inhabited Island on the Coast of America, near the Mouth of the Great River of Oroonoque; Having been cast on Shore by Shipwreck, wherein all the Men perished but himself. With An Account how he was at last as strangely deliver'd by Pyrates. Epistolary, confessional, and didactic in form, the book is a fictional autobiography of the title character (whose birth name is Robinson Kreutznaer)—a castaway who spends years on a remote tropical island near Trinidad, encountering cannibals, captives, and mutineers before being rescued. The story is widely perceived to have been influenced by the life of Alexander Selkirk, a Scottish castaway who lived for four years on the Pacific island called "Más a Tierra" (in 1966 its name was changed to Robinson Crusoe Island), Chile. However, other possible sources have been put forward for the text. It is possible, for example, that Defoe was inspired by the Latin or English translations of Ibn Tufail's Hayy ibn Yaqdhan, an earlier novel also set on a desert island. Another source for Defoe's novel may have been Robert Knox's account of his abduction by the King of Ceylon in 1659 in "An Historical Account of the Island Ceylon," Glasgow: James MacLehose and Sons (Publishers to the University), 1911. In his 2003 book In Search of Robinson Crusoe, Tim Severin contends that the account of Henry Pitman in a short book chronicling his escape from a Caribbean penal colony and subsequent shipwrecking and desert island misadventures, is the inspiration for the story. Arthur Wellesley Secord in his Studies in the narrative method of Defoe (1963: 21–111) painstakingly analyses the composition of Robinson Crusoe and gives a list of possible sources of the story, rejecting the common theory that the story of Selkirk is Defoe's only source. Despite its simple narrative style, Robinson Crusoe was well received in the literary world and is often credited as marking the beginning of realistic fiction as a literary genre. Before the end of 1719 the book had already run through four editions, and it has gone on to become one of the most widely published books in history, spawning numerous sequels and adaptations for stage, film, and television.

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2 internautes sur 2 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 Crusoe and the ship's captain strike a deal in which Crusoe helps the captain and the loyal sailors retake the ship and leave th 20 novembre 2014
Par Very Brown Bear - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Format Kindle Achat vérifié
Crusoe (the family name corrupted from the German name "Kreutznaer") sets sail from the Queen's Dock in Hull on a sea voyage in August 1651, against the wishes of his parents, who want him to pursue a career, possibly in law. After a tumultuous journey where his ship is wrecked in a storm, his lust for the sea remains so strong that he sets out to sea again. This journey, too, ends in disaster as the ship is taken over by Salé pirates (the Salé Rovers) and Crusoe is enslaved by a Moor. Two years later, he escapes in a boat with a boy named Xury; a Captain of a Portuguese ship off the west coast of Africa rescues him. The ship is en route to Brazil. Crusoe sells Xury to the captain. With the captain's help, Crusoe procures a plantation.
Years later, Crusoe joins an expedition to bring slaves from Africa but he is shipwrecked in a storm about forty miles out to sea on an island (which he calls the Island of Despair) near the mouth of the Orinoco river on 30 September 1659. (The date was left blank in the first edition. The years added up after 1651, or, his total of years reckoned backwards from 1686 yield 1658 so the 1659 is an error. The story claims that he swam ashore on his 26th birthday.) The details of Crusoe's island were probably based on the Caribbean island of Tobago, since that island lies a short distance north of the Venezuelan coast near the mouth of the Orinoco river, in sight of Trinidad.[8] He observes the latitude as 9 degrees and 22 minutes north. He sees penguins and seals on his island. (However, there are no seals and penguins living together in the Northern Hemisphere, only around the Galapagos Islands.) As for his arrival there, only he and three animals, the captain's dog and two cats, survive the shipwreck. Overcoming his despair, he fetches arms, tools, and other supplies from the ship before it breaks apart and sinks. He builds a fenced-in habitat near a cave which he excavates. By making marks in a wooden cross, he creates a calendar. By using tools salvaged from the ship, and some he makes himself from "ironwood", he hunts, grows barley and rice, dries grapes to make raisins, learns to make pottery, and raises goats. He also adopts a small parrot. He reads the Bible and becomes religious, thanking God for his fate in which nothing is missing but human society.
More years pass and Crusoe discovers native cannibals, who occasionally visit the island to kill and eat prisoners. At first he plans to kill them for committing an abomination but later realizes he has no right to do so, as the cannibals do not knowingly commit a crime. He dreams of obtaining one or two servants by freeing some prisoners; when a prisoner escapes, Crusoe helps him, naming his new companion "Friday" after the day of the week he appeared. Crusoe then teaches him English and converts him to Christianity. After more natives arrive to partake in a cannibal feast, Crusoe and Friday kill most of the natives and save two prisoners. One is Friday's father and the other is a Spaniard, who informs Crusoe about other Spaniards shipwrecked on the mainland. A plan is devised wherein the Spaniard would return to the mainland with Friday's father and bring back the others, build a ship, and sail to a Spanish port.
Before the Spaniards return, an English ship appears; mutineers have commandeered the vessel and intend to maroon their captain on the island. Crusoe and the ship's captain strike a deal in which Crusoe helps the captain and the loyal sailors retake the ship and leave the worst mutineers on the island. Before embarking for England, Crusoe shows the mutineers how he survived on the island and states that there will be more men coming. Crusoe leaves the island 19 December 1686 and arrives in England on 11 June 1687. He learns that his family believed him dead; as a result, he was left nothing in his father's will. Crusoe departs for Lisbon to reclaim the profits of his estate in Brazil, which has granted him much wealth. In conclusion, he transports his wealth overland to England to avoid travelling by sea. Friday accompanies him and, en route, they endure one last adventure together as they fight off famished wolves while crossing the Pyrenees.
5.0 étoiles sur 5 More to this story than you might think 19 mars 2017
Par Buddy - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Format Kindle Achat vérifié
I imagine everyone has heard the story of Robinson Crusoe... at least half of it. If you know the story of Robinson Crusoe on a deserted Island with his man, Friday, you only know the first volume. This is a fascinating novel, well worth reading. There is a bit of proselytizing, but that is easy to overlook when you take the whole story into consideration. If you are like me and decided you would finally read the book you heard about as a kid, i can say it will be worth your time.
1 internautes sur 1 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
4.0 étoiles sur 5 Puzzled 4 juin 2015
Par Georgia W. - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Format Kindle Achat vérifié
My only problem with this book is the fact of Crusoe's leaving his children and going off to wander the world again when he had felt so convicted about that as a young single man going out to sea against his father's advice. The high moral standards of Crusoe throughout the book do not, in my mind, equate with this seeming neglect of his children, who had already lost their mother. Of course, he had left the children in the charge of a trusted friend, and perhaps such arrangements were more acceptable in that day and time. Nevertheless, I wish that Defoe had at least included a reunion of Crusoe with his children after his having been away from them for ten years. He told us that Crusoe returned to England but left it at that.
1 internautes sur 1 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 Adventures of Robinson Crusoe 28 juillet 2014
Par JP Georgia - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Format Kindle Achat vérifié
I had read this story many years ago, but I read it again recently. After a passage of more than 40 years, I read it with a new perspective, more analytic than for pleasure. Novels written in the first person are difficult to write effectively and still maintain the reader's interest, but Defoe is a master. Nonetheless, Robinson Crusoe is still a page turner. If I was stranded on a desert island, I think that if I had one book with me it would have to be this one. Just as when I was a child, I was immersed in the story as though I was Crusoe, and it kept me ensnared for hours.
5 internautes sur 5 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 Enjoying it it again 24 avril 2014
Par Pauline - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Format Kindle Achat vérifié
Am reading it again at age 77. I remember reading it as a teen in the summertime and enjoying it then and again now.
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