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Roman Republican Legionary 298-105 BC. (Anglais) Broché – 17 avril 2012

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Descriptions du produit

Présentation de l'éditeur

Soon after the Caudine Forks fiasco, where Roman citizens had suffered the humiliation of being forced to pass under the yoke, an act symbolising their loss of warrior status, the tactical formation adopted by the Roman army underwent a radical change. Introduced as part of the Servian reforms, the legion had originally operated as a Greek-style phalanx, a densely packed block of citizens wealthy enough to outfit themselves with the full panoply of an armoured spearman or hoplite. The function of a hoplite had been the privilege only of those who owned a certain amount of property, poorer citizens serving either as auxiliaries or as servants. Now, however, the Romans adopted the manipular system, whereby the legion was split into distinct battle lines, each consisting of tactical subunits, the maniples. In contrast to the one solid block of the phalanx, the legion was now divided into several small blocks, with spaces between them. The Romans, in other words, gave the phalanx 'joints' in order to secure flexibility, and what is more, each soldier, or legionary, had twice as much elbow room for individual action, which now involved swordplay instead of spear work.
Even though still a citizen militia recruited from property owners supplying their own war gear, it was the manipular legion that faced Pyrrhus and his elephants, the Gauls and their long swords, Hannibal and his tactical genius, the Macedonians and their pikes, to name but a few of its formidable opponents. This book, therefore, will look at the recruitment (now based on age and experience as well as on wealth and status), training (now the responsibility of the state as opposed to the individual), weapons (new types being introduced, both native and foreign), equipment (ditto) and experiences (which included submission to a draconian regime of military discipline) of the legionary at the epoch of the middle Republic. The middle Republican era opens with the last great war with the Samnites (Third Samnite War, 298-290 BC) and closes with the Republic at the height of its imperial glory after the victory in North Africa (Iugurthine War 112-105 BC). The provisional legion in which the legionary served now exhibited many of the institutions and customs of the later professional legions, perhaps best reflected in one of its most notable practices, the construction of a temporary camp at the end of each day's march. Lest we forget, however, for our legionary, military service was not a career, but an obligation he owed to the state, and it was this militia army that conquered the peninsula of Italy, defeated the magnificent Hellenistic kingdoms and the mercantile empire of Carthage. All of the Mediterranean basin was now within the imperium of Rome, some of it organized into provinces governed by Roman magistrates, the rest reduced to client status. Romans were acquiring a sense that they possessed a world empire.

Biographie de l'auteur

Dr Nic Fields started his career as a biochemist before joining the Royal Marines. Having left the military, he went back to University and completed a BA and PhD in Ancient History at the University of Newcastle. He was Assistant Director at the British School at Athens, Greece, and then a lecturer in Ancient History at the University of Edinburgh. Nic is now a freelance author and researcher based in south-west France.

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Format: Broché
Le « Roman Republican Legionary 298-105 BC » de Nic Fields, illustré par huit planches originales de Seán Ó'Brógáin, s’attache aux légions manipulaires classiques, celles qui ont vaincu les Samnites, les Carthaginois et les armées des royaumes hellénistiques.

Il est question d’organisation, d’équipement, d’entraînement mais aussi de techniques de combat et de ravitaillement en campagne. Un Osprey classique et de qualité.
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Format: Broché
The perfect companion for all military history enthusiasts is: THE ROMA VICTRIX WINE BEAKER Calix Imperium, Coupe à vin en étain ROMA VICTRIX

This latest offering from Osprey covers the Roman legionary from the Camillan reforms, following Rome's defeat in the Third Samnite War, to the reforms of Marius, following the Jugurthan War. Or put another way, the legionary who fought some of the most well-known battles in history--Trebbia, Cannae and Zama--which expanded the influence of Rome into Greece, Spain and the Middle East. Those looking for a history of the conflicts themselves will have to look elsewhere; this book concentrates on the men on the front-lines.

Warrior books have a fairly standard layout. There is a chronology of the period with chapters on "Recruitment and Training", "Organization", "Equipment and Appearance", "On Campaign", "Experience of Battle" and of course a "Glossary" and "Bibliography". This title also has a short chapter on the "Origins of the Manipular Legion".

I like Dr. Fields writing style and his practical scholarship. It's crisp and clear and whilst well-grounded in the latest academic research, he is prepared to speculate when there is a lack of evidence. But, importantly, he makes clear how much of a stretch he is making.

As well as a nicely written text the book is supported by eight pieces of original colour artwork. These are spread through the book and are strategically placed to illustrate details in the text. Mr. O'Brogain has illustrated a number of Osprey books and I was impressed by his work in Galloglas.
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Commentaires client les plus utiles sur (beta) 4.7 étoiles sur 5 7 commentaires
7 internautes sur 7 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 Romans at War. 23 septembre 2012
Par Michael Reese - Publié sur
Format: Broché Achat vérifié
A companion to the post Republican volume. Ths book traces the development of the first Roman armies from the armed citizen throngs through the phalanx into the adoption of the gladius and pilum and large shield, with three lines of formed, well trained trips. This is the army that conquered the Med. Background on formations, new weapons, conscription, equipment and tactics. A good background plus details and where no complete factual evidence is available, a logical explanation of the most likely direction taken by the Romans. Recommended.
6 internautes sur 6 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
4.0 étoiles sur 5 Pleasing text in a rarely described area 26 juin 2012
Par Ben Kane - Publié sur
Format: Broché
At the Chester Roman festival recently, I was delighted to meet the illustrator and fellow Irishman, Sean O Brogain. I was even more pleased when he produced a copy of this book, the publication of which had slipped past me. One of the great things about Osprey is the way that they slowly but surely provide us with texts (and illustrations) for areas that aren't well covered.

Most people choose to read about the imperial period of Rome, but there's easily as much history before Augustus, the first emperor, as there is after him. The period covered in this book covers the change in legionaries from men who fought in a phalanx formation to those who fought in the manipular fashion, right down to the changes made by Gaius Marius circa 105-100 BC.

Expect the usual Osprey sections on organisation, unit size, training, equipment and weapons. There are also sections about campaigning and battle. It's well-written for the most part, although in some sections the text is a little 'clunky'. There's a good chronology at the start, and a decent bibliography. The illustrations, as expected, are excellent. Well worth the money. Readers who want more in depth discussion of equipment and weaponry of this and other periods might like the fantastic Roman Military Equipment: From The Punic Wars To The Fall Of Rome by Bishop & Coulston. There are other good Osprey titles based in this period too, including Early Roman Armies and Republican Roman Army 200-104 BC.

Ben Kane, author of Hannibal: Enemy of Rome and Spartacus: The Gladiator.
2 internautes sur 2 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
4.0 étoiles sur 5 Good overview of manipular legionaries 11 mai 2013
Par JPS - Publié sur
Format: Broché
This is a good presentation and introduction to Roman legionaries from BC 298, the reorganization of the Roman army in manipules and the beginning of the third and last war against the Samnites to the rise of Marius and the eve of his own military reforms on 105 BC.

This little Osprey volume displays the usual structure that can be found in the series, with introduction and chronology, origins of the manipular legion, recruitment, training and organization, followed by a piece on appearance and equipment. The book ends with a section on the legionary during campaigns and another one on his "experience of battle".

By and large, and for those that already know quite a bit on this period, there is little new or original. Even these, however, will find value in this book because it clearly illustrates the hybrid and transition Roman army and its shift from a hoplite type organization to what would become the "classic" Roman legions by the time of Marius. For those who are new to the subject, however, and those who are looking for some rather vivid visual illustrations, this book will be fine for you.

Both the contents and the eight plates are, however, well presented and thought out. The plates in particular are distributed throughout the book to cover evenly most of the sections: recruitment, training, one for equipment of first and third line infantry, and one for cavalry and then one each for battles on land, on sea and for siege. A minor gripe here is that there is - oddly - no plate for the Principes - the second line of legionaries. A minor positive is that the plates allow the reader to get a clear grasp of Roman equipment, and Roman helmets in particular, of the time.

A final merit of this book is to explain the advantages that the manipular formation allowed the Romans to build over their various foes, whether the Carthaginians, which initially were using a hoplite type organization, the Gauls, or the Hellenistic monarchs and their pike phalanxes which was itself an evolution from the hoplite phalanx. A related feature is to show through the equipment section how versatile the Romans were and would remain for centuries in adopting pieces of equipment (with the gladius being one of the most well-known examples) from their foes and improving on them.

Two final remarks need to be made, however. One is that the book does contain a number of repetitions which may be mildly annoying for some. Another element is that the text is very largely inspired from Keppie's "The Making of the Roman Army: From Republic to Empire" to the extent that, at times, it almost reads like a shortened version.
1 internautes sur 1 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 Excellent overview on the Roman Legionary of Mid-Republican period. 15 octobre 2012
Par Anibal Madeira - Publié sur
Format: Broché
Usually you have books devoted to the legionary of the late republican armies of Julius Caesar or imperial periods. This monograph is an extraordinary summary of the recruitment, training, equipment and campaign life of a roman legionary of the period of roman expansion. Selecting the rise of the manipular tactics until the reforms of Marius, Fields covers the period of the Punic wars, of the fights against the Hellenistic kingdoms, of the rise of Rome as a major power.

With a good chronology that saves immense space, the author focus on the main elements that define the roman warrior. How he was selected, how he fought, how he trained, how he was organized, what he wore and with what equipment he fought. In this book you will probably won't find any new data if you study this period, but you have here the perfect summary, concentrating in a small book several theories (like the maniple in combat for example, stating both the extended frontage and the vacant space), clear presentation of each subject, and intelligent analysis.

Nice pictures of artifacts, reliefs, sculptures and coinage gives the reader a good visual reference, completed by the very good plates by the resourceful and competent Seán Ó' Brógáin (the color plates are: Enlistment; Training; First-line legionary - hastatus; Third-line legionary - triarius; Eques; Battle on land; Battle at sea; Siege of syracuse, 214-212 BC). Few can depict military equipment with such remarkable details has this great welsh illustrator.

This work is far stronger than the previous man-at-arms book by the same publishing house titled "Republican Roman Army 200-104 BC". I strongly recommend this book as the perfect introduction on the roman legionary of the mid-republican period.
1 internautes sur 1 ont trouvé ce commentaire utile 
5.0 étoiles sur 5 Roman legionary 8 avril 2013
Par m ziemann - Publié sur
Format: Broché Achat vérifié
Outstanding book for this period of Roman history. Sometimes you think that you might have a pretty good outstanding, but there is always some information you didn't know.
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