From Sumer to Jerusalem – The Forbidden Hypothesis (Anglais) Relié – 5 janvier 2003
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But the author makes a stronger claim, that is that the Hebrews were of pure Sumerian blood and, perhaps more importantly, identified as Sumerians in contrast to the Semites. They were doubly traumatized first by gradual loss of their language and then by the loss of their city. The inventors of writing lost their own language! The creators of civilization were slaughtered, their achievements destroyed, their city and monuments laid in ruins! However the devastation caused by the fall of Ur would have been just as traumatic for the Akkadians. And even the Akkadians were culturally superior to most of the nations in the vicinity. The exodus of Abraham can be explained by the weaker hypothesis. Even if Abraham and his people were Akkadians, mixed nationality or assimilated Sumerians we would expect the same historical outcome as if they were pure Sumerians..
The Semitic king Sargon conquered the Sumerian cities around 2300 BC and established Akkadian as the official language of the realm. Sumerian slowly disappeared. But "The former religious institutions of Sumer, already well-known and emulated by the Semites were respected. ... Sargon and his successors were patrons of the Sumerian cults." http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sargon_of_Akkad#Formation_of_the_Akkadian_Empire By 2000 BC the Sumero-Akkadians spoke a Semitic language but believed in Sumerian gods and myths. This experience would have set the Akkadians apart from other Semitic nations. And it is not surprising that Sumerian legends are recorded in the Bible. Sumerian language was restored as the official language between 2100 - 2000 BC. Yet the author states that Abraham must have spoken Akkadian (but certainly not Hebrew or Aramaic). It is not clear if the Lamentation over the Destruction of Ur was written in Sumerian or Akkadian. Ur was destroyed by the Amorites and Elamites after 2000 BC.
The author asks why would the Jews want to maintain racial purity and refuse to intermarry with the other Semitic nations. His answer in effect is that the Jews/Sumerians reacted to the assimilation pressure and loss of their language in Mesopotamia. It is possible. But it is also possible that the Semites in Canaan were quite different from the Semites in Mesopotamia, and the Akkadians felt way too different and culturally superior, and just wanted to keep themselves apart from the nations they despised as barbarians. The author suggests that the legend of the Tower of Babel reflects the loss of the Sumerian language. This is possible but by no means certain.
Let me add some observations to what the author says about the religion of the Sumerians. The gods were associated with the cities. When the people left Ur they left the gods behind. But the Sumerians also had personal gods without images, inherited from their ancestors. They had no more use for the gods who abandoned the cities to the enemies of Sumer. At the same time I can see how destroying the idols of the conquered nations by the Jews was an act of revenge for the destruction of their own Sumerian temples. Thus a God without images came into existence. But again, this would apply to people who were culturally Sumerian, not only to people who saw themselves as standing in contrast to the Akkadians. Yahweh was a Jewish tribal god, who existed in addition to many other, albeit less powerful gods; Yahweh was at war with them. It was not one universal God as the author implies. That idea arrived much later under Persian influences.
To decide if the author's stronger hypothesis is true we would need another source in addition to the Bible, a clay tablet that explains what Abraham did and why.
First, it helps us understand the origins of the people who founded the Sumerian civilization, people who came from the east, likely after a great cataclysm, most likely the outcome of the destruction of far earlier civilizations in the aftermath of the extended end of the last ice age, civilizations now mostly underwater.
Secondly it helps us to unwind and separate the people who were Semitic and those who were not Semitic in culture and origins who lead substantially to the great civilizations in the region, Assyria, Babylonia, even ultimately Israel - Judea which by-in-large were comprised of people who were, or became Semitic.
Thirdly, it helps us understand the origins and context of Abram and his multi-generational mission.
The old Testament says Abraham came from the Sumerian city of Ur. This book helps everyone to understand what that may mean ultimately for the origins and history of the Jewish people, the context from which the Hebrew people and religion originated.
However, I would also suggest reading everything Sitchin wrote about the Sumerian civilizations as well, otherwise, you will still have an incomplete picture of the history, and the conflicts it has led to, in today's world.
A surprising article was printed today, 7/12/2010 saying that DNA testing of the King Tut mummy indicates his close genetic ties to Western Europe, this is very surprising, and there is a lot we do not know about the ancient world. This book helps to provide some background even when it runs contrary to the conventional academic views.
Sassoon credits Sumerians[Jews?] with superior ability and purpose, which shall be for everyone's benefit. [This may well be true in my opinion.] [I'm not Jewish, I'm not tooting the horn of my ethnic group.]
Beautiful pictures are in this book.