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Taming the Anarchy: Groundwater Governance in South Asia (Anglais) Relié – 15 décembre 2008
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Présentation de l'éditeur
In 1947, British India-the part of South Asia that is today's India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh-emerged from the colonial era with the world's largest centrally managed canal irrigation infrastructure. However, as vividly illustrated by Tushaar Shah, the orderly irrigation economy that saved millions of rural poor from droughts and famines is now a vast atomistic system of widely dispersed tube-wells that are drawing groundwater without permits or hindrances. Taming the Anarchy is about the development of this chaos and the prospects to bring it under control. It is about both the massive benefit that the irrigation economy has created and the ill-fare it threatens through depleted aquifers and pollution. Tushaar Shah brings exceptional insight into a socio-ecological phenomenon that has befuddled scientists and policymakers alike. In systematic fashion, he investigates the forces behind the transformation of South Asian irrigation and considers its social, economic, and ecological impacts. He considers what is unique to South Asia and what is in common with other developing regions. He argues that, without effective governance, the resulting groundwater stress threatens the sustenance of the agrarian system and therefore the well being of the nearly one and a half billion people who live in South Asia. Yet, finding solutions is a formidable challenge. The way forward in the short run, Shah suggests, lies in indirect, adaptive strategies that change the conduct of water users. From antiquity until the 1960�s, agricultural water management in South Asia was predominantly the affair of village communities and/or the state. Today, the region depends on irrigation from some 25 million individually owned groundwater wells. Tushaar Shah provides a fascinating economic, political, and cultural history of the development and use of technology that is also a history of a society in transition. His book provides powerful ideas and lessons for researchers, historians, and policymakers interested in South Asia, as well as readers who are interested in the water and agricultural futures of other developing countries and regions, including China and Africa.
Biographie de l'auteur
Tushaar Shah is a senior advisor at the International Water Management Institute.
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Par Jacob Kijne - Publié sur Amazon.com
Format: Relié Achat vérifié
This book is written for politicians, practitioners and scientists by one of the world's best groundwater hydrologists. Tushaar Shah explores the reasons for the decline in flow irrigation and the great expansion of pumped irrigation in South Asia. The author describes the present situation as one of atomistic groundwater economy which governments are unable to manage at present. Nevertheless, to secure the future of food production in South Asia, pump irrigation needs to be supplemented by viable canal irrigation. The author proposes various private and civil initiatives that should be introduced to ensure that tube well irrigation is sustainable, recognizing that groundwater potential varies a great deal between regions with alluvial aquifers and those in hard rock areas. Salt water intrusion in coastal areas and mixing of saline water from deeper layers of alluvial aquifers threaten this sustainability. The future of food production in South Asia justifies close attention to the analyzes and proposals contained in this interesting and provocative book because inadequate future food and fodder production in South Asia is bound to have a significant global impact.
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Par Midwest Book Review - Publié sur Amazon.com
College-level libraries strong in Asian social issues and history will find this a specialty item key to understanding resource management in the entire region. South Asia's irrigation system has become a chaotic landscape of individually owned wells and government management is desperately needed. The social and ecological issues at stake has stymied both scientists and policymakers: Tushaar Shah investigates the history and changes affecting South Asian irrigation patterns and considers its social and ecological impact alike in a text key for understanding the region's evolving issues.
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