Why We Do What We Do: Understanding Self-Motivation (Anglais) Broché – 1 août 1996
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Présentation de l'éditeur
If you reward your children for doing their homework, they will usually respond by getting it done. But is this the most effective method of motivation? No, says psychologist Edward L. Deci, who challenges traditional thinking and shows that this method actually works against performance. The best way to motivate people—at school, at work, or at home—is to support their sense of autonomy. Explaining the reasons why a task is important and then allowing as much personal freedom as possible in carrying out the task will stimulate interest and commitment, and is a much more effective approach than the standard system of reward and punishment. We are all inherently interested in the world, argues Deci, so why not nurture that interest in each other? Instead of asking, "How can I motivate people?" we should be asking, "How can I create the conditions within which people will motivate themselves?"
"An insightful and provocative meditation on how people can become more genuinely engaged and succesful in pursuing their goals." —Publisher's Weekly
Biographie de l'auteur
Richard Flaste, former Science and Health Editor of The New York Times, led the team that won the Pulitzer Prize for national reporting in 1987.
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It goes without saying that people are more motivated to perform certain tasks if they are inherently motivated in performing that task. However, interestingly, rewards such as money may be detrimental to maintaining inherent motivation. For example, if you reward a person to do a task that they are already motivated to do and then withdraw the reward, the motivation to do the task actually decreases. Although the person was originally motivated to perform the task without the presence of a reward, after giving the reward the person is not motivated as much to perform the task if the reward is not present (this may be due to the possibility that the individual has now become conditioned to the presence of a reward for performing that task and thus automatically expects a reward to be present).
Of course, one can always motivate people by rewarding them with money, status, power, etc., however, the performance of the behavior is not maintained once you withdraw such reward unless their autonomy, self-competence, and relatedness to people was enhanced during the performance of the task.
I gave the book 5 stars because of the importance of the subjects covered. However, the book is sometimes a little boring to read.